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1838 TO 1839 


/ ( 


. H.. 








L N p N ; 






1 Pi G 

— ^ 







VOL. I. 




Pierre Terrail or du Terrail, ki)own by the 
name of Bayard^ and surnamed Le Chevalier 
sans^peur et sans reproche, was born in 1476, at 
the Castle of Bayard in Dauphiny, The pedigree 
of the Lords of Terrail is not presented to the 
reader, as their House is no longer in existence : 
suffice it to say that it was allied to all that was 
great and illustrious both in Dauphiny and in the 
neighbouring provinces. The reader who would 
be interested in further details, may consult the 
last editions of Moreri, or the genealogical table 
of the House of Terrail, inserted by the President 
Expilly in the Supplement to the History of 

The wounds which Aymon Terrail, father of 
the Chevalier, received in defending his country, 
obliged him to quit the service. He died in 1496, 



leaving, by his marriage with Helene AUeman^ or 
des Allemans^ four sons and four daughters, 

Georges, the eldest, married Jeanne d'Arvillars, 
and had by her a daughter, who appointed her 
mother her general legatee* Pierre, Aymon's 
second son, is the subject of the present History. 
The third became Abbot of Josaphat, near 
Chartres, and the fourth was promoted to the 
Bishoprick of Glandeves. 

Of the daughters two embraced the monastic 
state ; another was married to Jacques Dupont, 
Lord of Aly in Savoy, and the yoimgest to 
Antoine de Theis, Lord of La Blayette* 

Were not the Chevalier Bayard one of those 
extraordinary men of whom the annals of all 
nations furnish few examples, it would only be 
necessary to say that he was page to Louis de 
Luxembourg, Count of Ligny ; that he was raised 
by that Lord to the rank of gendarm in his com- 
pany ;. that Lewis XII. named him Captain of a 
thousand foot ; that he was appointed Lieutenant 
General of Dauphiny; finally, that Francis I. 
made him a Knight of his Order of St. Michel, 
and gave him a company of an hundred of his 
ordinary men at arms : the enumeration of these 
different military degrees would doubtless suffice 


to honour the memory of a distinguished soldiea*, 
but it is not enough for that of Bayard. An 
accomplished Knight at an epoch when chivalry 
was daily degenerating; bom to be the ornament 
of any time or country in which he might have 
lived ; esteemed, beloved, and feared by nations 
hostile to France; qualified in all respects to 
command armies, yet haying always served under 
others without betraying either sj^en or jealousy ; 
constantly advised with by the ablest generals ; 
in councils winning every one to his opinioB, 
because he was neither presumptuous nor severe; 
cheerfully undertaking the most hazardous expe- 
ditions, though he knew that his chiefs would 
enjoy all the credit pf them ; never seeking any 

thing but the good of the state; such was 

Bayard. His mind was early imbued with the 
principles of a morality as sane as it was pro- 
foundly reflective. A Gentleman asked him, 
'* What goods ought the noble man to leave to 
his children ?" " Those which fear neither rain, 
nor storm, nor the power of man, nor human 
justice," replied Bayard ; " wisdom and virtue." 

He often repeated that " the best Lordship a 
Gentleman can have is to be connected with vir- 
tuous persons. The greatest misfortune for a 


Lord/' added he, ** is to be surrounded by vicious 
and ignorant men, seeing that there is nothing so 
dangerous as boldness and power accompanied 
by lack of knowledge." 

In an age when the amusements of the nobility 
' presented therough image of war, Bayard, proud 
to be the defendant of a sex he adored, appeared 
as formidable by his skiUin those games which 
were graced by a respectful gallantry, as ih the 
midst of the most bloody combats: the Lady 
whose colours he wore might repose her honour 
upon the loyalty pf her Knight alone, by whom 
the laws of courtesy were obeyed with reUgious 
care. Modesty and innocence never implored his 
protection in vain: it may even be said that the 
prayers of weeping beauty were to him supreme 
commands. Wherever he saw virtue struggling 
-with misfortune he deemed it an honour to stretch 
forth the hand of succour. Indigent nobility had 
the highest claim to his benefits ; and it was not 
known till hia death of what numbers of families 
he had been the support. 

How often did he groan over the fate of those 
unhappy victims of the quarrels of sovereigns, 
who, peacefully employed in agriculture, and 
obtaining no share in the glory of a brilliant con- 


quest, are alone sacrificed in their possessions, 
and often in their honoinr, to the ambition and 
cupidity of an unjust and cruel soldier! After 
the campaign of 1521, he returned to Grenoble. 
The command of this town had been intrusted to 
him, and a pestilential disease made dreadful 
ravages there. The Knight without fear and 
without reproach thought it not enough that the 
poor, infected with the contagion, should receive 
medical aid at his expense ; his beneficence would 
not lose sight of them till it was ascertained that 
they had regained health and strength sufficient 
to supply their necessities. So long as he was a 
gendarm all his companions had in him a brother 
and a friend ; advanced to distinguished stations 
he became a father to them, and if ever he 
desired wealth it was but to share it with them. 
Intrepid in action, he never wanted presence of 
mind when it was needful either to foresee danger, 
or devise the means of escaping it. So well known 
were his modesty, his talents, his zeal for the 
public welfare, that men, his superiors in rank, or 
semors in respect to th^ date of their services, 
deemed it no humiliation to fight under his orders. 
. Contemporary as he was with Xa Tremouille, 
liouis d'Ars, Chaumont d'Amboise, d'Aubigny, 


Chabannes^ and many other celebrated officers, 
their reputations eclipsed not his. Most of them 
were at the head of armies : he never commanded 
in chief except at the defence of M^zi^res ; he 
knew that by dint of solicitation only are men 
advanced at the courts of Princes, and his pride 
would never bend to the suppleness of intrigue. 
Yet had he solicited. Bayard would not have been 
refused. Kings, courtiers, ministers, all respected, 
because they knew how to appreciate him; but, 
satisfied with being useful to his master, he 
modestly hastened to .place himself under the 
banners of the General that was pointed out to 
him, and such was the effect of his presence that 
it seemed to exalt the courage of the soldiers and 
the capacity of the General. So thought young 
Gaston de Foix, whom death snatched away 
covered with laurels at an age when others can 
only hope to gather them. 

Let it not be forgotten that Bayard was one of 
those officers who, in the reign of Lewis XII., 
contributed to form a national infantry in France. 
It had previously been composed of none but 
foreigners ; Bayard, who, tike his sovereign, had 
calculated the advantages of this establishment. 


devoted himself to a kind of service which habit 
and prejudice militated against. 

Never did the opinion that was entertained of 
his experience manifest itself more clearly than at 
the moment when his being shut up in Mezieres 
became publicly known. No one then doubted 
of the preservation of that town. Among the 
Lords who flew to share the danger^ it is proper 
to distinguish Anne de Montmorency, afterward 
Constable, and at that time Captain of a company 
of gendarms; " I account it an honour/' said he, 
on presenting himself, *' to serve under so great 
and so renowned a leader.'' 

Bayard must questionless have been highly flat- 
tered when at Marignano he conferred the Order 
of Knighthood on Francis I. But that monarch 
testified the esteem with which he honoured him 
in a far more expressive manner when, on hearing 
Ihe news of his death, he exclaimed : " Knight 
Bayard, what a loss shall I sustain in you !" This 
loss he learned to estimate still better in process 
of time. Oppressed with grief and disquietude 
during his captivity, he said to Montchenu, his 
head steward : ** Had Bayard, who was valiant 
and experienced, been aUve and near me my 
affairs would doubtless have taken a better turn : 


I should have listened to his counsels: Ah! I 
should not have been here now !" 

Bayard's courage never forsook him. Mortally 
wounded in the retreat from Romagnano he would 
not suffer his companions to carry him away, as 
they were preparing to do : " having never 
turned his back to the enemy he was resolved not 
to begin now he was a-dying." Afterward, ad- 
dressing himself to Jacques Jouffrey, Gentleman 
of S. Chef in Dauphiny, " Let me," said he, " be 
laid down at the foot of this tree, and place me so 
that I may have my face to the enemy." 

Thus died Bayard, mourned by his friends, by 
the whole army, and by all France. Pass we now 
to his history. 

The person who composed it is only known by 
the tiame of the Loyal Servant ; and that he was 
Bayard's Secretary is all that can be ascertained 
concerning him. This history appeared in 1527, 
under the title of La trh-joyeuse and plaisante 
histoirey composee par le Loyal Serviteur, des 
fattSy gesteSy et prouesses du bon Chevalier sans 
peur et sans reproche. In 1616 Theodore Gode- 
froy published an edition in quarto, with remarks 
and annotations. In 1650 a new one appeared 
at Grenoble, which the President de Boissieu, 


a descendant by the female line of the House of 
Terrail, published under the name of Louis 
Videl, Secretary of the Constable Lesdiguieres^ 

So celebrated a name as that of Bayard could 
not but inspire more than one writer with a desire 
of devoting their pens to his service. The phy- 
sician Symphorien Champier^ who boasted him- 
self connected by his wife with the family of Ter- 
rail^ published a Life of Bayard in 15^5. The 
advocate Aymar wrote the History of this Captain 
in 1699; but these works^ interlarded with 
romantic adventures^ contain only a part of the 
actions of their hero. Two writers of the 
eighteenth century have also given us histories of 
Bayard; Lazare Bocquillot/ who assumed the* 
name of Prior of Lonval, iand Guyard de BerviUe. 
There is no need to pronounce upon the merits of 
these works^ but one observation may be made 
which will extend to both : the libraries of France 
contain a number of ancient works which^ spite of 
the defects of an obsolete style, of vicious con- 
structions, and expressions' proscribed by custom, 
possess a charm that the efforts of modern good 
taste can never compensate. Of this number is 
the present history of Bayard. 

Ever Uvely, ever pleasant, ever equal, the Loyal 





Servant is so possessed with the spirit of his 
master, and has so naturally transcribed that ori- 
ginal naivete which characterized him, that at 
every page the reader sees Bayard, hears, and 
converses with him. The merit of this history, 
however, is sufficiently evidenced by the reputa- 
tion it enjoys.* " I wish," said one of our old 
French moralists to his son, '^ the Life of Bayard 
to be the first history you read, and give me an 
account of. Try to imitate that hero as far as 
you are able. None but a good copy can be 
made of so wondrous an original. If you cannot 
attain to his vidour, which is not to be rivalled, 
be faithful to your Prince, and courteous like 
him." " In the work of the Loyal Servant," re- 
marks M. Gaillard in his History of Francis I., 
^^ the soul of the hero seems to contain all the 
virtues without any mixture of defects. One 
might believe, either that the author has been 
blinded by his zeal, or that he was desirous of 
presenting mankind with a chimerical and inimi* 
table model, were not his account confirmed by 
that of all contemporary historians. Frenchmen or 

* Extract from the Testajnent, or Faithful Counsels of a good 
father to his duldren, by P. Fortin, Sieur de la Hoguette. 


The Translation now offered to the public has 
been made fron^Godefroy's Edition; the Preface 
and Notes are taken from that of 1786^ in the 
General Collection of Memoirs relative to the 
History of France. 





Haw the Lord qf Bayard, father of the good Knight without 
fear and without reproach, wished to learn from his chil- 
dren of what 'profession they would-be. 

In the country of Dauphiny, which the King of 
France at present possesses, as his predecessors 
have done for seven or eight score years, since 
Humbert, the last Dauphin, made it over to them 
by way of gift, are many good and great Houses 
of Gentlemen, whence such a number of noble and 
virtuous Knights have issued that their fame is 
spread throughout all Christendom. Insomuch 
that, as scarfet is the most excellent of all hues of 

VOL. I. B 


cloth, without disparaging the nobility of other 
lands^ the Dauphinese have been called, by all 
who had any knowledge of them, the Scarlet of 
the Gentlemen of France. Among which Houses 
is that of Bayard, of ancient and noble extraction, 
as by those who have come of it hath been 
clearly demonstrated. For at the battle of Poic- 
tiers the great great grandfather of the good 
Knight without fear and without reproach died 
at the feet of King John of France. At the battle 
of Cressy his great grandfather was slain. At 
the battle of Montlehery his grandfather remained 
on the field with six mortal wounds, beside others: 
and at that of Guineguaste his father was so badly 
wounded, that he could never after leave his own 
house, where he died full eighty years of age. A 
few days before his decease, considering that, by 
nature, which already began to fail in him» he could 
make no long sojourning in this, mortal state> he 
called four children that he had, into the presence 
of bis wife, a very godly and devout Lady, sister to 
the Bishop of Grenoble, of the hou^e of the Aik- 
mans. His children having appeared before.him^ he. 
asked the eldest, who was about eighteen or twenty 
years old, what he wished to be. He replied, tlia.t 
his desire was never to leave the house, but to serve 


him at the end of his days. " Very weU, George/' 
said the father, " since thou lovest the house, thou 
shalt stay here to fight the bear§." The second, 
which was the good Knight without fear and 
without reproach, a lad about thirteen years of 
age or little more, blithe as a lark, and of a laugh- 
ing countenance, being asked what calling he 
should prefer, replied, as though he were fifty 
years old : " My Lord and father, although filial 
piety maketh it a bounden duty in me to forego 
all things for the sake of serving you at the end 
of your life, nevertheless, so deeply graven in my 
heart are the good discourses wiich you daily 
hold respecting the noble men of times past, espe- 
cially those of our House, that I am resolved, if it 
be your plciasure, to embrace that profession which 
you and your predecessors have been of, the pro- 
fession of arms ; for this is the thing which I most 
affect, and I hope, with the grace of God, to do 
you no dishonour." Then the good old man 
rephed weeping ; " My child, God grant that it 
may be so ! In countenance and figure thou 
already resemblest thy grandfather, who was in 
his time one of the best Knights in Christendom. 
I will therefore take care to put thee in a way of 
obtaining thy desire." Of the third he inquired 



what way of life he chose to enter upon, who 
replied^ that he inclined to that of his uncle, the 
Lord of Esnay, an abbey near Lyons. His 
father gave him leave to follow his inclination, 
and sent him by a kinsman of his to his said 
uncle, who made him a monk, and afterwards, by 
means of the good Knight his brother, he became 
Abbot of Josaphat in the suburbs of Chartres. 
The youngest replied in the same way, that he 
was desirous of being as his uncle, my Lord of 
Grenoble, to whom he was likewise given, and 
by him made Canon of Notre Dame; and after- 
wards, by the same means that his brother the 
monk became an Abbot, did he become Bishop of 
Glandesve in Provence. Now let us leave the 
other three brothers, and return to the history of 
the good Knight without fear and without re- 
proach, and of the way in which his father 
managed his affair. 



How the father of the good Knight xvithoutfear and without 
reproach sent for his brother-in-law, the Bishop of Gre-^ 
noble, in order to confer with htm, because he could not 
leave his own house. 

After the discourse held by the father of the 
good Knight to his four children, by reason that he 
.was no longer able to ride on horseback, he sent 
one of his servants the next day, to Grenoble, to 
request of the Bishop, his brother-in-law, that he 
would be pleased to transport himself to his house 
of Bayard, distant from the said Grenoble five or 
six leagues, he having some things to communicate 
to him: which the good Bishop, who was never in 
his life indisposed to do any one a pleasure, com- 
plied with right willingly. He departed therefore, 
immediately upon receipt of the letter, and came 
to spend the night at the house of Bayard, where 
he found his brother-in-law sitting in a chair near 
the fire, as people of his age are commonly wont to 
do. Having interchanged greetings, they passed 


that evening as pleasantly as possible in one an- 
other's company, and in that of divers Gentlemen 
who were assembled there. Then in due season 
they retired, each to his chamber, and took their 
repose till the next morning, when they got up, and 
heard mass chanted by ^;he Bishbp of Grenoble. 
For he said mass every day, and with right 
good will, unless he were prevented by sickness. 
Would to God that the prelates of these times 
were as good servants of the Lord, and as charitable 
to the poor, as he was in his day ! 

Divine service being ended, they washed their 
hands and sat down to table, where immediately 
every one made excellent cheer, and the good 
Knight waited upon them so discreetly and pro- 
perly, that every one spoke well of him. At the 
end of the dinner, after grace had been said, the 
good old man, , Lord of Bayard, began thus to 
address all the company. " My Lord, and you, 
Gentlemen, it is time to declare the occasion of my 
having you called hither : for you are my relations 
and friends, and I am^ as you see, worn out with 
age, insomuch that it is scarce possible for me to 
live two years longer. Grod hath given me four 
sons, of each of whom I have inquired what way of 
life he wishes to pursue : among the rest my son 


Peter hath told me that he desires to embrace the 
profession of anns^ whereby he hath given ttie ex- 
ceeding pleasure. For he entirely resembles in 
his outward make^ my late Lord and father your 
kisrisn^n ; and if in disposition he will also resem- 
ble him^ it is impossible that he should not become 
a great and good man ; which I believe every one 
©f you, as my worthy friends and relations, would 
be heartily rejoiced at. It-is necessary that I should 
place him at his outset in the House of some Prince 
or Lord, in order that he may learn to conduct 
himself properly, and when he is a little older he 
shall be instructed in the profession of arms. I 
therefore pray you> that you will all give me 
counsel, each in his turn, what House I may best 
stablish him in." 

Then said one of the most ancient of the 
Gentlemen, " He must be sent to the King of 
France." Another observed that he would do very 
well in the House of Bourbon. And thus, from 
one to the other^ there was none anlong them thai 
delivered not his opinion. But the Bishop of Gre- 
noble spoke, aiid said : " My brother, you know 
that a close friendship subsists. between us and 
Charles, Duke of Savoy, and he reckons us of the 
number of his good servants. I believe that he 


will take him with pleasure for one of his pages. 
He is at Chamberry, near this place. If it seem 
good to you and to the company, I will take him 
thither to-morrow mornings after having put him in 
proper trim, and furnished him with a good little 
horse, which I got three or four days since of the 
Lord of Riage." 

The proposal of the Bishop of Grenoble was 
approved by all the company, especially by the 
Lord of Bayard, who delivered to him his son, say- 
ing; f^^ Here he is, my Lord ; I pray God to speed 
you so well with him, that he may do you honour 
in his life." 

Immediately thereupon the Bishop sent to the 
town to seek his tailor, whom he ordered to bring 
velvet, satin, and other necessary materials, where- 
with to fit oiut the good Knight. He came and 
worked all night, so that next morning everything 
was ready. After having breakfasted, young 
Bayard mounted his horse, and presented himself 
to all the company, which were in the lower court 
of the Castle, equipped just as if he were to be 
presented forthwith to the Duke of Savoy. The 
horse, feeling so light a burden on him, and being 
moreover pricked by the child with his spurs, 
made three or four leaps, whereat the company 


were afraid that he would do the boy a mischief. 
But while they were expecting to hear him cry 
out for help, he, with a noble heart, as bold as a 
lion, when he found the horse make such a stir 
under him, spurred him three or four times, and 
caused him to gallop within the said court ; inso- 
much that he brought the animal under as well as 
if he had been thirty years old. It heed not be 
asked whether the good old man were pleased ; and 
smiling with joy he asked his son if he were not 
i^aid: forhehadleftschoolhardlyafortnight. He 
answered with a steady countenance : " My Lord, 
I hope, with God's aid, before si^ years are over, 
to make either him or some other bestir himself 
in a more dangerous place. For here t am among 
friends, and I »haU then be among the enemies of 
the master whom I shall serve.*' " Now come 
along," said the good Bishop of Grenoble, who was 
ready to depart: " dismount not, my nephew and 
friend, but take leave of all the company.*' Then 
the young child addressed his father with a jojrful 
countenance, and said : " My Lord and father, I 
pray God to give you a happy and a long life, 
and me such grace that, ere He take you out 
of this world, you may hear good things of me." 
" My friend," said the father, " I pray Hini for the 


same ;'' and then he gave him his blessing. After- 
wards he went to take leave of all the Gentlemen 
who were there> one after another, and they were 
much pleased with his good countenance. 

His mother, poor Lady! was in a tower of 
the castle, weeping tenderly ; for, although she 
was delighted that her son was in the wity of 
doing well, maternal love prompted her to shed 
tears. However, wh^fi they came to tell her, that 
if she wished to see her son, he was on horseback 
ready to depart, the good Gendewo^ian Went out 
by the back part of the tower^ and making her 
son draw nigh unto her^ addressed him in these 
-words: " Peter, my friend, you are going into the 
service of a noble Priqce ; as much as a mother 
can command her child, do J command you three 
things, which, if you do, rest assured they will 
enable you to pass through this present life with 
honour. The first is, that above all things you 
love and serve God, without offending Him in 
any way, if it be possible to you. For it is He who 
gave us life, it is He who will save us, and without 
Him and His grace we should not have power 
to perform a single good work in this world. 
Recommend yourself to Him every morning and 
evening, and He will give you aid. The second 


k, that yonbe mild and courteous^ to all Gentlemen^ 
casting away pride. Be humble and obliging to 
everybody. Be not a slanderer or a liar. Keep 
yourself temperate in regard to eatiflig and drink- 
ing. Avoid envy — it is a mean vioe. Be neither 
a flatterer nor a tale-^bearer, for people of tlus 
description do not usually attain to any high 
degree of excellence. Be loyal in word and deed* 
Keep your promises. Succour poor widows and 
orphans, and God will reward you. The tfaiTd 
is, that you be bountiful of the goods that Ood 
shall give you to the poor and needy; for to give 
for His honour's sake never made any man poor ; 
and believe me, my chilcly the alms that you shall 
dispense will greatly profit both your body and soul. 
This is all that I have to charge you with. I be- 
lieve that your fallier and I shall not live much 
longer: but God grant that whilst we do continue 
in life we may always receive a good account of 
you." Then the good Knight, though of such 
tender years, replied to her thus : " My Lady 
mother, I thank you with all humility possible for 
your good instructions, and with His favour into 
whose keeping you recommend me, I hope so 
well to follow them, that you shall be fully satisfied. 
And now, after having very humbly recommended 


niyself to your good graces, I will take my leave 
of you*" 

Then the good Lady took out of her sleeve a 
little purse, containing only six crowns in gold, and 
one in small money, and gave it to her son. She 
also called one of the servants of her brother, th6 
Bishop of Grenoble, and delivered to him a little 
scrip, in which was some linen for her son's use; 
with a request that, when he should be pre- 
sented to my Lord of Savoy, he would pray 
the servant of the equerry, in whose charge he 
should be, to be pleased to look after him a little, 
until he grew older ; and she entrusted him with 
two crowns for the same* Hereupon the Bishop 
of Grenoble took leave of all the company, and 
called his nephew, who thought himself in para- 
dise while he was on the back of his good steed. 
So they took the direct road to Chamberry, where 
Duke Charles of Savoy was at that time residing:. 



Haw the Bishop of Grenoble presented his nephew the good 
Knight without fear and without reproach, to Charles, 
Duke of Savoy, who received himjoyfuUy, 

After leaving the castle of Bayard, which was 
on a Saturday, after breakfast, the Bishop of Gre- 
noble pushed on till he arrived in the eveiiing at 
Chamberry, where the clergy came to meet him ; 
for that town hath belonged, from all antiquity, to 
the bishopric of Grenoble, which hath there its 
judge, and its court. He lodged with a consi- 
derable citizen. The Duke took up his abode in 
his own house, with a good number of Lords and 
Gentlemen, some of Savoy, some of Piedmont. 
That evening the Bishop of Grenoble remained in 
his lodging, without showing himself to the court; 
but the Duke was informed of his being in the 
town, which gave him great pleasure ; forasmuch 
as this same Bishop was, if any may be so called 
in this world, one of the most holy and devout 
personages that was known. Next day, which was 


Sunday, he rose very early, and went to wait upon 
the Duke of Savoy, who received him with a 
smiling countenance, giving him to understand that 
his coming was very agreeable to him. They dis- 
coursed together all along the road from his resi- 
dence to the church, where the Duke was going to 
hear mass, at which the Bishop officiated for him, 
as is fitting for such Princes, and offered him the 
gospel and the pax to kiss. When mass was 
ended, the Duke took him home with him to 
dinner, during which, the good Knight, his nephew, 
served him to drink in an orderly manner, and 
behaved himself very prettily. The Duke took 
notice of this by reason of the boy's youth, and 
accordingly asked the Bishops. " My Lord of 
Grenoble, who is this young child that gives yoii 
to drink V '' My Lord," replied the other, " he 
is a man of arms whom I am come to present yon 
with, to enter your service, if you pkase : but he 
is not in the condition in which I am desirous of 
giving him to you: after dinner^ if it be your 
pleasure, you shall see him." ** Truly," said the 
Duke, who had already taken a liking to him, " he 
must be a strange man who would refuse such a 
present." Now the good Knight, already aware of 
his uncle's intention, did not entertain himself long 


with eating, but sent to the lodgitig to get his horse 
saddled, and> mounting it, after having put it in 
p]X>per orde^r, came ambling abng to the court of 
the house of the Duke of Savoy, who had akeadjit 
come out of the hall, and leaned over a gallery. 
Seeing the young child enter, and make his horse 
curvet like a man of thirty, who had seen war all 
his life, he addressed the Bishop of Grenoble, and 
said : " I suppose this is your little favourite, who 
rides his horse so well." He replied : " My Lord, 
he is my nephew, and come of a good race, from 
which noble Knights have sprung. His father, 
who is so wasted with years and infirmities, as also 
with wounds received in wars and battles, that he 
is not able to wait upon you, commends himself 
very humbly to your good graces, and makes you 
a present of him." " In good faith," repUed the 
Duke, " I accept him willingly; the present is a 
good and a handsome one, and God make him a 
brave man !" Then he commanded one of his 
equerries, in whom he placed most confidence, 
to take charge of the young Bayard, declaring, 
that he believed he would one day make a worthy 
man. Not long after this the Bishop of Grenoble, 
humbly thanking the Duke of Savoy, took his 
leave of him, in order to return to his own house. 


and the Duke abode at Chamberry for some time,^ 
till he took a resolution to go and see King 
Charles VIII. of France, who was in his city of 
Lyons^ diverting himself with jousts, tournaments, 
and other pastimes. 



How the Duke of Savoy left Chamberry to go and see the 
King of France, Charles VIII., in his town of Lyons, 
and took with him the good Knight without fear and 
without reproach, then his page* 

The good Knight remained page with Duke 
Charles for the space of half a year, during which 
time, he gained the love of people of all degrees, 
as much as any child ever did. He was service- 
able to the Lords and Ladies, even to a marvel. In 
all things there was no young page or Lord that 
could be compared with him. He leaped, wrestled, 
threw the bar, according to his size, and, among 
other things, rode a horse as well as it was possi- 
ble : so that his good master conceived as great 
an affection for him as if he had been his own son. 

One day as the Duke was thus at Chamberry, 
in the midst of feasts and rejoicings, he deter- 
mined to go and see the King of France at Lyons, 
where he happened to be at that time among his 
Princes and Gentlemen, leading a jolly life, holding 

VOL. I. C 

18 ^ . MEMOIRS OF 

tilts and tourneys every day, and dancing in the 
evening with the Ladies of the place, who are very 
fair and graceful. And, to say the truth, this 
young King Charles was one of the best Princes, 
one of the most courteous, tiberal, and charitable, 
that ever hath been seen or read of. He loved 
and feared God, and never swore, except hy the 
faith of my hody^ or some such little oath. And 
it was a great pity that death should have taken 
him away so soon as at the age of eight-and- 
twenty years : for had he lived longer he would 
have achieved great things. The said King 
Charles knew how that the Duke of Savoy was 
coming to see him, and that he was already at La 
Verpilliere, and purposed sleeping at Lyons. So 
he sent to meet him a noble Prince of the House 
of Luxemburg, called the Lord of Ligny, with 
many other Gentlemen and archers of his guard, 
who found him two leagues, or thereabouts, from 
Lyons. The Duke and the Lord of Ligny wel- 
comed one another cordially, for they were both 
very honourable personages. They had gone 
a long way discoursing together, when the Lord 
of Ligny cast his eye on the young Bayard 
upon his horse, which was trotting daindly, and 
showed him off to wonderful advantage. " So," said 


the Lord of Ligny to the Du^e of Savoy: " mf 
Lord, you have there a page who rides a mettled 
horse, and moreover he knows how to manage him 
deftly." « On my faith/' said the Duke, " it is 
but half a year ago that the Bishop of Grenoble 
blade me a present of him, when he had just 
left school ; but I never slaw a young lad of iiis 
age who carried himself more manfully, either on 
foot or on horseback; and he hath a very good air 
likewise. I can assure you, my Lord cousin, he is 
come of a race which hath produced spirited and 
bold Gentlemen, and I believe that he will take 
after them." So he said to the good Knight: 
" Put spurs to your horse, Bayard, make him 
gallop:" which the young child, who desired 
nothing better, did immediately, and at the end of 
the course he caused his steed, which was very 
spirited, to make three or four marveUous leaps, 
to the delight of all the company. " On my 
faith, my Lord," said the Lord of Ligny, ^' this is 
a young Gentleman who, in my opinion, will be- 
come a noble gallant if he lives; and I think you 
will do well to make a present of the page and of 
tUe horse to the King. He woidd be well pleased, 
because the horse is a very handsome and a good 
one, and, the page, to my thinking, still better. 



" On my soul/' said the Duke, " since you advise 
it, I will do it." 

The young child, in order to arrive at prefer- 
ment, could not have had a better school than the 
House of France, where honour hath made its 
abode at all times, and longer than in any other 
Prince's house. Thus they pursued their way iri 
conversation till they entered Lyons, whete the 
streets were full of people, and many Ladies were 
at the windows to see them pass ; for, sooth to 
say, this Duke of Savoy was a very good and hand* 
some Prince, and his mien clearly showed him to b^ 
of a great House. He dismounted that even- 
ing, which was on a Wednesday, at his own house, 
where he kept the Lord of Ligny, and another 
called my Lord of Avennes, (son of the Sire d'Al* 
bret^ a brother of the then King of Navarre,) ia 
very honourable and accomplished Lord, to suppeic 
with him, and many other Nobles and Gentlemen; 
during which a number of the King's minstrels and 
singers came to delight the company. That even- 
ing the Duke of Savoy did not leave his own 
house, but they played at several sports and pas* 
times, till wine and spices were brought in, which 
being partaken of, each retired to his own lodg- 
ing till the morrow morning. 



How the Duke of Savoy went to pay his respects to the King 
of France at his house, and of the good and honourable 
reception which was made him. 

On Friday morning the Duke of Savoy got up, 
and after having put himself in order, wished to go 
and visit the king ; hut ere his departure there 
arrived at his house the above-mentioned Lords 
of Ligny and of Avenues, with the Marshal de 
Gie, who at that time enjoyed great credit in 
France ; them he saluted, wishing them a good day. 
They then set out for the abode of the King, who 
was already going to mass in a convent of Corde- 
liers, constructed at the request of a devout monk, 
named brother Jean Bourgeois, at the end of one 
of the suburbs of Lyons called Veize : and upon 
it this young King had bestowed much property, 
as had also done his good and loyal spouse Anne, 
Duchess of Brittany. So the Duke of Savoy 
found the King preparing to leave his chamber, 
to whom he made such and so profound a reve- 
rence as was meet to so great and noble a Prince. 

23 MEMOpiS OF 

But the good King, who was the very son of 
humility, embraced him, saying ; " My cousin and 
friend, you are heartily welcome; I am right 
glad to see you, and on my soul you have done 
well ; for if you had not come, I had intended 
to have visited you in your own country, where I 
might have caused you a great deal more damage.'' 
To which the good Duke replied : ". My Lord, it 
would be difficult for you to cause me any damage, 
or what I should account so. The only regret 
that I should feel at your arrival in my country and 
yours would be that you would not be received as 
is suitable to so lofty and magnanimous a prince as 
yourself. But be well assured of this, that my 
heart, body, substance, and abilities, if God have 
gifted me with any, are as much at your disposal 
as those of the least of your subjects." Whereat 
the King, blushing a little, returned him thanks. 
So they mounted their mules, and went discoursing 
together all along the town to the convent of 
Cordeliers, where they heard mass devoutly. And 
when it came to the offering, the Duke of Savoy 
delivered to the King, as the Prince most to be 
honoured, the crown to offer to our Lord ; a cus- 
tom observed daily by the Kmgs of France. As 
soon as mass was over, they remounted their mules 


to return home, and the King made the Duke of 
Savoy stay and dine with him, and likewise the Lord s 
of Ligny and of Avenues. During dinner much 
discourse was held, concerning dogs, birds, love, 
and arms ; and among other things the Lord of 
Ligny said to the King : ^^ Sire, I swear to you on 
my fay, that my Lord of Savoy hath a mind to give 
you a page who rides a spirited little steed as well 
as ever I saw a youth in my life ; I believe he is not 
more than fourteen years old, but he manages his 
horse like a man of thirty. If you will be pleased 
to go and hear vespers at Esnay, you shall have 
some diversion with him.'* " By the faith of my 
body,'' said the King, " I am willing." Then he 
looked at the Duke of Savoy, and said to him : 
" Cousin, who gave you this proper page whom 
our cousin of Ligny speaks of?" To which the 
Duke answered : '* My Lord, he is a subject of 
yours, and of a House of your country of Dauphiny, 
which hath sent forth gallant Gentlemen: his 
uncle, the Bishop of Grenoble, made me a present 
of him half a year ago ; my Lord cousin hath seen 
him, and is much pleased with him ; you shall view 
the page and the horse at your pleasure in the 
meadow of Esnay." 
The good Knight was not then present, but the 


matter was soon related to him^ and how the Kuig 
wished to see him on his horse/ and I think if he 
had gained the city of Lyons he would scarce have 
been so much delighted. He went immediately 
to the Duke of Savoy's head groom of the stable^ 
called Pisou de Chenas^ and said to him : ^^ Friend 
groom^ I understand that the King wants to see 
my horse after dinner, aiid myself thereon. Now, 
therefore, I pray you be kind enough to put him 
in order, and I will give you my short dagger with 
all my heart." The head groom, seeing the lad's 
good nature, said to him : ^' Bayard, my friend, 
keep your truncheon, I will none of it, but I thank 
you : only go comb and clean yourself, for your 
horise shall be put in order, and God give you this 
fortune, my friend, that the King of France may 
take you into favour ; for thereby you may arrive 
at high preferment, and some time or other, by 
God's aid, you may become so great a Lord that I 
may find my account in it." '' On my faith, mas- 
ter," said the good Knight, " I shall never forget the 
courtesy you have practised towards me since I 
have been of the household of my Lord, and, if 
God ever do bring me to preferment, you shall be 
made sensible of this." Immediately he went up 
into the chamber of his equerry, where he cleaned 


his clothes, combed and equipped himself as hand- 
somely as he could, in expectation of receiving 
some tidings; which he waited not long for. In 
two or three hours the equerry of my Lord of 
Savoy, who was Bayard's governor, came to look 
after him, and found him all in readiness. So he 
said, quite sorrowful : " Bayard, my friend, I see 
very well that I shall not keep you long, for I un- 
derstand that my Lord hath just now made a 
present of you to the King, who wishes to see you 
on your horse in the meadow of Esnay. . I am 
not grieved at your advancement ; but, on my faith, 
I feel great regret at parting with you." To this 
the young Bayard made answer : " My Lord 
equerry, God give me grace to continue in that 
virtuous course which you have pointed out to me 
since the hour that my Lord gave you charge of 
me. If it be in my power, by means of his grace, 
I will never bring reproach upon you by any deed 
of mine, and if I arrive at a situation wherein I can 
do you service, you shall know by proof how much 
I feel inyself obliged to you." 

After these words there w^s no more time to 
delay, for the hour approached. So the equerry 
mounted a horse, and made the good Knight 
mount his, which had been so well combed and 


accoutred that it was deficient in no respect : and 
they went to attend the King and his company in 
the meadow of Esnay, whither the King had gone 
by water on the Saone. As soon as ever he got 
out of the boat, he went to see the young Bayard 
upon the field on his horse, in company with his 
equerry. So he cried out to him : " Page, my 
friend, spur your horse :" which he did immedi- 
ately, and to see how he acquitted himself, . you 
would have thought he had been used to the mat- 
ter aU his life. At the end of the course he made 
him take three or four leaps, and then without 
saying a word returned at full gallop towards the 
King and stopped him quite short before him, 
causing his horse to curvet ; insomuch liiat not 
only the King but all the company received singu^ 
lar pleasure thereby. Then the King began saying 
to my Lord of Savoy: " Cousin, it is impossible to 
ride a horse better;" and turning to the page, he 
said: ^' Spur him, spur him again." At these 
words the pages cried to him, " Spur, spur,*' 
picqueZf picquess : so that for some time after he 
was sumamed Piequet. " Truly," said the King 
again to the Duke, ^^ I se^ before my eyes what 
my cousin of Ligny told me at dinner ; I will not 
wait for you to give me y^ur page, and your horse. 


but I crave them of you." " My Lord,'* replied 
the Duke of Savoy, " the master is yours; well may 
the rest be so : God give the boy grace to do you 
some agreeable service." " By the faith of my 
body/' said the King, " it is impossible that he 
should not become a man of worth. Cousin of 
Ligny, I put the page under your care: but I have 
no mind that he should lose his horse, he shsll 
remain always in your stable.'* Whereupon the 
Lord of Ligny humbly thanked the King, feeling 
well satisfied to have this present ; for he surely 
thought that when he grew to be a man he would 
one day do him great honour; as afterwards 
catne to pass in many places. The good Knight 
was page three years only in the house of the 
Lord of Ligny, who put him out of that situation 
at the age of seventeen, and assigned him a place 
in his own company, though be ever retained 
him among the Gentlemen of his household. 



How a Gentleman of Burgundy^ called Messire Claude dc 
Vauldri^ came to Lyons, by the desire of the King of 
France, to do deeds of arms, as well on horseback as on 
foot, and hung up his shields, in order that they who 
touched them might be by him encountered in combat : 
and how the good Knight, three days after he was dismissed 
from being page, touched all the shields. 

Some time the Duke of Savoy remained at 
, Lyons, where he was well entertained with the 
King, and with the Princes and Nobles of 
France. So he bethought him that it was time to 
return into his own country, and accordingly 
asked leave to depart, which was granted very 
unwillingly: but there is no company so good 
but it must be parted with. The King made him 
handsome and honourable presents, ^ for he 
abounded in Uberality : and thus the good Duke 
Charles of Savoy returned into his own country^ 
The King of France went about visiting his do- 
minions, and two or three years after came again 
to Lyons, where there arrived a Burgundian Gen- 



tieman, named Messire Claude de Vauldre, one 
possessing great skill in arms^ and that marvel- 
lously affected them. He caused entreaty to b^ 
used to the King that, in order to preserve all the 
young Gentlemen from sloth and idleness^ he 
would permit him to hold a tourney on foot and 
on horseback, with career of lance, and stroke of 
battleaxe ; which was granted him : for, after the 
service of God, of which he was very o^reful, the 
good King liked nothing better than merry pas- 
times. So this Messire Claude de Vauldre managed 
hb affair to the best of his ability, and caused 
his shields to be hung up, which all Gentlemen 
who had a mind to prove their hardihood came 
aiid touched, having their names written down by 
the king at arms, who had charge of them. One 
day the good Knight, who was now called by every 
one Picquet, the name that the King had given 
him at Eshay, passed before the shields, and he 
thought within himself: " Alas ! good Lord! if I 
knew how to put myself in fitting array, I would 
right gladly touch those shields, in order to gain 
a knowledge of arms ;" and upon that he stopped, 
and remained quite still and thoughtful. With 
him was a companion of his, bred up by the Lord 
of Ligny, named Bellabre, who said to him: 


*^ What are you thinking of, comrade? — you seem 
like one thunderstruck." " On my faith, friend," 
rej^ed he, " and so I am, and I will tell you the 
reason directly. It hath pleased my Lord to put 
me out of the place of page, and of his goodness 
he hath equipped me, and raised me to the rank 
of Gentleman ; now I have conceived an inordinate 
desire to touch the shields of Messire Claude de 
Vauldr6^ but after I had done it I know not who 
would Airnish me with armour and horses." Then 
answered Bellabre, who was older than he, and a 
very bold Gentleman : (for, be it known to all the 
readers of this history, that of the breeding of 
this noble Lord of Ligny, came fifty Gentlemen, 
thirty of whom were valiant and virtuous Captains 
in their day :) ^^ My friend and companion, are 
you disquieted about that? Have you not your 
uncle the fat abbot of Esnay ? I vow to God that 
we will go to him, and if he won't furnish us with 
money, we'll lay hands on crosier and mitre ; but 
I think that, when he is informed of your strong 
desire, he wiU produce it willingly :" at these words 
Bayard goes to touch the shields. Monjoye, 
king at arms, who was there to write down the 
names, said to him: " How, my firiend Picquet? 
Your beard is not of three years growth, and do 


you undertake to fight with Messire Claude 
de Yauldre, who is one of the fiercest Kmghts 
that you may hear of?" The other replied 
to him : " My firiend Monjoye, what I do pro- 
ceeds not from pride and arrogance^ but soldy 
from a desire to learn arms^ by little and little^ of 
those who can teach me them ; and God^ if He 
please^ may give me grace to do something which 
shall please the Ladies :" at which Monjoye began 
to laugh, and was highly delighted. So the noise 
ran throughout all Lyons thatPicquet had touched 
the shields of Messire Claude de Vauldr^, till it 
came to the ears of the Lord of Ligny, who had 
rather than ten thousand crowns it should be so. 
Accordingly he went to tell the King of it forth- 
with, who was greatly rejoiced, and said : " By 
the faith of my body, cousin of Ligny, jbux breed- 
ing will bring you honour one day, as my heart 
tells me." " We shall see what will come of it," 
replied the Lord of Ligny, " he is rery young 
yet to stand the blows of Messire Claude de Vaul- 

Now the hardest part of the matter for the 
good Knight was not to touch the shields, but to 
find money to get horses and accoutrements. He 
went to his companion Bellabrie, and said to him: 


" My companion and my friend, I pray you be my 
intercessor with my Lord of Esnay, my uncle, that 
be will give me money : I am very sure that if my 
uncle, the Bishop of Grenoble, were here, he would 
let me want for nothing ; but he is at his abbey 
of St, Sumin in Thoulouse ; it is very far off; 
and a man could not. get thither and back in time/' 
" Be of good cheer," said Bellabre, " you and I 
will go speak to him to-morrow morning, and 
I hope, that we shall manage our affair happily .'^ 
This comforted the good Knight somewhat; 
howbeit he slept not much that night. Bellabre 
and he lay together ; they rose betimes, got into 
one of the little boats of Lyons, and made themr 
selves be carried to Esnay^ The first person they 
found within the meadow, after they had left the 
boat, was the Abbot, who was at his devotions witfai 
one of his monks. The two Gentlemen went to 
salute him ; but having already heard how that 
his nephew had touched the shields of Messire 
Claude de Vauldr6, and suspecting that he should 
be called on to pay the expenses, he gave them 
no very good reception, and said to Bayard: 
" Ha ! who made you so bold as to touch the 
shields of Messire Claude de Vauldre ? You were 
a page only three days ago, and are not seventeen 


or eighteen years old ; you ought to feel the rod 
again, you grow so presumptuous." To which the 
good Knight replied : '* My Lord, I protest, to you, 
upon my honour, that not presumption, but a de- 
sire to arrive by valiant deeds at the honour that 
your predecessors and mine have attained unto 
hath inspired me with this boldness. I therefore 
beseech you, my Lord, as I best may, seeing that I 
have no relation or inend to whom I can at pre- 
sent have recourse ex^cept you, that it be your 
good pleasure to assist me with some money to 
provide myself with what is needful for me." " On 
my faith," replied the Abbot, " you may go seek 
elsewhere for one to lend you money ; the wealth 
bestowed on this abbey by the founders was 
intended for the service of God, and not to be 
spent on jousts and tourneys." Which speech of 
the Abbot the Lord of Bellabre took up, and 
said : " My Lord, had it not been for the prowess 
of your predecessors, you would not be Abbot of 
Esnay: for by their means and no other have 
you obtained this dignity. We ought to have a 
sense of the benefits which we have received in 
time past, and a hope to gain some remuneration 
for those which we confer. Your nephew, my 
companion, is of a good descent, and beloved by 

VOL. I. D 


the King, and by my Lord our master ; he hadi 
a desire to arrive at preferment, wherewith you 
ought to be well pleased. It is fitting therefore 
that you give him assistance, for it cannot cost you 
two hundred crowns to equip him properly, and 
he may do you honour equal to ten thousand." 
Rejoinder ensued on the part of the Abbot, who 
made much debate upon the matter; but in the 
end vouchsafed to aid the good Knight« 



Haw the Abbot of Esnay gave the good Knight an hun- 
dred crowns to buy two horses, and writ a letter to a 
merchant at Lyons to furnish hian wth what should be 

Much discourse passed between the Abbot and 
the two Gentlemen, but at length he led them to 
his house, and opening a little window, took an 
hundred crowns out of a purse which was; therein, 
and gave them to Bellabre, saying to him : " My 
Gentleman, here are an hundred crowns which I 
deliver into your charge, to buy two horses for 
this valiant man of arms, seeing that he is too young 
as yet to handle money: I shall write a line to 
Laurencin to furnish him with the habiliments he 
stands in need of." " You do well, my Lord,'* 
said Bellabre, " and I can assure you that who-? 
ever shall know of it, you will gain nothing but 
honour thereby." So he called for paper and 
ink immediately to write to Laurencin, whom he 
ordered to provide his nephew with what should 
be necessary to accoutre him at this tourney, 



imagining within himself that he could not want 
above an hundred franks' worth of goods ; but 
he was quite mistaken, as you shall presently hear. 
As soon as the Gentlemen had received their 
letter, after taking leave of the Abbot, whom the 
good Knight thanked very humbly for his courtesy 
towards him, they went back to their httle boat 
to return to Lyons, much delighted at the success 
of their negotiation. Bellabre broke silence and 
said : '^ You know, companion, that when God 
sends men good fortune, they ought to manage it 
well and wisely. What one robs monks of is holy 
bread. We have a letter to Laurencin to take, 
what we have need of; let us go to his house 
quickly ere the Abbot consider what he hath 
done; for in his letter he hath not limited the 
sum that he gives you for accoutrements. By 
the faith of my body, you shall be rigged out for 
the tourney, and for a year to come; for you 
will never get anything more from him." The 
good Knight, who desired nothing better, began 
to laugh, and said to him : *^ By my faith, com? 
panion, this is a very good method of managing 
the affair; but I pray you let us hasten, for I. 
am terribly afraid that if he perceive his over- 
sight, he will straightway send one of his people 


to say how much money he means to give me for 
clothels." The surmise was very just, as you will 
hear. So they made with all speed across the 
ferry, which brought them up hard by the Ex- 
change, where they landed, and went directly to 
the house of Laurencin, whom they found in his 
shop, and saluted, and he, a very good and honest 
merchant, returned the like to them. Bellabre 
began to speak and said : ^^ On my soul, Master 
Laurencin, .my companion and I are come from 
visiting a worthy Abbot, my Lord of Esnay." ^' I 
promise you he is mine too," said Laurencin; 
** he is a right worthy personage, and I hold myself 
of the number of his good servants. In my life 
I have had reckonings with him to the amount of 
twenty thousand franks, and never met with an 
honester man." " But do you know the good deed 
he hath done his nephew, my comrade here?" 
quoth Bellabre. " Hearing that he had touched 
the shields of Messire Claude de Vauldre, and 
knowing that we slept together, he sent for us 
both this morning, and, on our arrival, after giving 
us an excellent breakfast, presented his nephew 
with three hundred good crowns to buy horses ; 
and moreover, that he may fit himself put so as no 
man in the company shall be better attired than 

■ I 


he^ he hath ^ven us a letter to you, to furnish 
him with what is necessary.'* So he shewed the 
letter to Laurencin^ who immediately knew the 
signature of my Lord the Abbot. " I assure you, 
Grentlemen," said the merchant, " there is nothing 
within here that is not at your command, and at 
that of my Lord who writes to me: only look for 
what you want." So they quickly made him shew 
them gold and silver stuffs, embroidered satins, 
velvets, and other silks, of which they took for the 
good Knight to the value of seven or eight hun- 
dred franks, then bade him good day, went to their 
lodging, and immediately sent for tailors to do 
their business. 

Now let us return for a while to the Abbot, who 
was very glad to find himself rid of his nephew. 
He ordered his people to bring dinner, at which 
he had company ; and, amid other discourse, he 
said, in an elevated tone of voice : " I have had 
a costly present to make this morning : that boy 
Bayard, my nephew, hath been mad enough to 
touch the shields of Messire Claude de Vauldre, 
and hath come this forenoon to beg money for 
his equipments ; which hath lain me in an hun« 
dred crowns. Nay this is not all; for I have 
written to Laurencin to give him what he shall 


ask to accoutre him for the tilt." To that answeral 
the Sexton of the Abbey : *' On my feith^ mjr 
Lord, you have done well ; hewishes to imitate the 
prowess of my Lord your grand&ther, who was so 
stout of heart as were all his kin. I see but one 
evil in this; he is young and wilful; you have 
written to Laurendn to give him what he shall 
asky and, I am certain he will do it if it come to two 
thousand crowns ; I fear your nephew will take 
more than you intend." The Abbot began im- 
mediately to consider of this, and replied : " By 
St. James, Sexton, you say true, for I have not 
specified how much*" Then he cried: " Call 
the steward :" who coming immediately, the Abbot 
said to him : " Hie you away, Nicholas ; another 
shall serve instead of you ; go to the town to 
Laurencin, and say that I wrote him word this 
morning to furnish my nephew with some wearing 
apparel for the tourney of Messire Claude do 
Vauldr^, and that he is to give him to the amount 
of an hundred or an hundred and twenty crowns 
and no more ; tarry not, but merely go and come 
back again." The steward set off instantly, but 
fiur too late. When he arrived at Laurencin's^ 
he was at table ; but being very intimate with him, 
he went up, and saluted the company, who did 


the like to him. " Master steward,^ quoth Lau- 
rencin, " you are Xi^elcome ; wash your hands, 
arid partake with us." * " I thank you," he repUed, 
" that is not my errand : my Lord sends me 
hither because to-day he wrote you word to furnish 
his nephew Bayard with some accoutrements.'* . 
Laurencin did hot wait till he had finished, but 
said : " Master steward, I have attended to all 
that: I assure you I have rigged him out hand- 
somely ; ♦he is a very well-behaved young Gentle- 
man ; and my Lord doth well to assist him." " And 
to what amount have you given him ?" said the 
stewatd. " Faith I can't tell," said the other, 
" till I see my paper, and my receipt on the 
back of my Lord's letter ; but I believe it came 
to about eight hundred franks." " Ha ! by 'r 
I^ady, you have spoilt all !" cried Nicholas. " How 
so ?" quoth Laurencin. " Why thus," repUed the 
steward : " my Lord was sending you word by me 
not to give him above the value of an hundred 
or an hundred and twenty franks." " His letter 
said not that," said Laurencin ; " if he had 
asked more, he would have had it, for such were 
my Lord's instructions." " There is no help for 
it now," said the Steward : " fare you well." So 
he returned to Esnay, and found the company 


where he had left them. When the Abbot saw 
'his steward^ he said: ^^ Well^ Nicholas^ did you 
deliver my message to Laurencin ?" " That did 
I, my Lord," returned he, " but I set out too late ; 
your nephew had already made his purchases, 
and had only taken to the amount of eight hun- 
dred franks." " Eight hundred franks, St. Mary !" 
cried the Abbot : '^ make haste ; you know his 
lodging ;^-'go tell him that if he doesn't quickly 
carryback to Laurencin's what he hath^akeh, he 
shall never again be the better for a denier of 


The steward obeyed his Lordship's command, 
and went to Lyons, thinking to find his man, who 
having had an inkling beforehand of this contm- 
gency, had said to his servants: "If any of my 
Lord of Esnay's people come to inquire for me, 
make excuses, in order that I may not be obliged 
to speak with them." The like injunction laid 
he on all them of the lodging. When the 
steward came and asked for him, they made 
answer that he was at my Lord of Ligny's. 
Thither he goes, and, finding him not, returns to 
the lodging. Then they told him he was gone 
to try horses beyond the Rhosne. In short he 
went more than ten times to his house, but could 


never find him-j he therefore returned, for he 
perceived plainly that they were making game of 
him. When he got back to Esnay, he told my 
Lord, ^^ It was lost labour to seek his nephew: 
for that h^ had been above ten times to his lodg- 
ing, but saw it was not possible to find him, as 
be made himself be concealed." " On my oath 
then," said the Abbot, " he is a bad boy ; but he 
shall repent it." His wrath dispersed at leisure, 
but he never got any thing else by the concern. 
Let us now leave off speaking of him, and return 
to the good Knight and liis companion, and the 
exploits diey performed in their affairs. 




Horo) the good Knight without fear and xaithmt reproach 
and his companion mounted their horses, and donned their 
Accoutrements ; and how the said Knight carried him- 
self gallantly, according to his might, against Messire 
Claude de Vauldri. 

The reader must understand that as soon as the 
g6dd Knight and his companion got what diey 
called for at Laurencin's, they made no long stay 
at his house, foreseeing what happened after- 
wards ; but so diligent were they in their business 
that they were provided with all they wanted* 
They retired to their lodging, and sent. immedi- 
ately for tailors, to make tb^n each three, smts for 
the tourney ; as the good Knight wished his com- 
panion to be of the same livery as himself: so 
Aey had every thing alike. After they had given 
dkections about their clothes, Bellabre said: 
** Companion, we must go see about horses. I 
know a Gentleman of Piedmont lodging in La 
Grenete, who hath a small horse, well raised, and 
very agile, that will suit you exactly: I believe 



too he is possessed of a little lively bay courser. 
I have been told that he wishes to sell them, be- 
cause he broke his leg in riding them eight days 
ago ; let us find out if this be the case." " That 
is well thought of^'^'said the good Knight. 

Accordingly they crossed the water to Our 
Lady of Consolation, then drew near to the house 
of this Piedmontese gentleman, whom they found 
m his chamber very ill at ease m his leg. They 
saluted him, and he did the same to them, like a 
courteous Knight. Bellabre spoke first, and said : 
'^ sir, my companion wants to purchase a couple 
of horses of yours, as we have heard that you 
design to part with them, on account of the mis- 
hap you have met with, for which we are hfeartily 
sorry." " Gientlemen," repUed the Piedmon- 
tese, " it is true, and it troubles me much, for the 
horses are good and handsome. But it is God's 
will, — I see plainly that I shall not be able to quit 
this town within three months, — provisions are ex- 
pensive here,— my horses would cost me in victuals 
more than they are worth, — you appear honest 
and brave Gentlemen, — I had rather my horses 
fell into your hands than elsewhere : get across 
their backs, and go try them out of the town, 
with one of my people ; — on your return, if you 


please^ we will come to terms about them." They 
lik^d the proposal ; and the horses being forth- 
with saddled, the good Knight and his com- 
panion mounted and led them to the meadows 
hard by La Ouillotiere, where they made them 
gallop and trot till they were satisfied. They 
then returned to the house of the Gentleman to 
make the bargain, and asked what price he would 
sell them for. *' On my honour/' said Ije, "if I 
were whole, there is no man upon earth who 
should have them for two hundred crowns, unless 
I wished to make him a present of them ; but for 
love of you I am content to let you have the war- 
horse for sixty crowns, and the courser for fifty, 
in all, one hundred and ten crowns : I will take no 

. They thought him very reasonable and said 
hot another word, but, " Sir, you shall have them, 
and two Gentlemen at your service all their lives :" 
for which he thanked them. They took out their 
purses, and gave him his hundred and ten crowns, 
and two for wine for the servants. The horses 
were led to their lodging by their own people^ 
and they had them well curried and accoutred ; 
for it wanted only three days of the time when 
Messire Claude de Vauldre's enterprise was to 


begin; wherefore every one apparelled himself 
^u^ording to his meanjs* So Messire Claude 
opened his tourney in the order that, with the 
King's leave, he had caused to be published, and 
on a Monday entered the lists^ where he was en- 
countered by divers worthy and gallant Gentlemen 
of the household of good King Charles, such as 
the Seneschal Galiot, a very valiant and expert 
warrior; the young Bonneval, Sandricourt, Chas*- 
tiUon, and Bourdillon, who weire the King's most 
familiar intimates, with many others. Every 
one did his best, as may be supposed. It had 
been appointed that each combatant, after having 
performed his part, should be led along the lists 
in open sight for the sake of letting the spectators 
know who had done well or ill ; for which reason 
you may imagine there was no one that did not 
use his utmost endeavours to acquit himself 

The good Knight, at this time little more than 
seventeen years old, a very tender age, (for he 
had not done growing, and was naturally spare 
and pale,) entered the lists, and there made his 
first essay, which commenced rudely enough: 
for he had to do with one of the most skilful and 
experienced Knights in the world. Nevertheless, 


bow it happened I canndt teH, whether God 
willed to give him the glory/ or Messire Ckude 
de Vauldre chose to amuse himself with him^ there 
was no man, in the whole combatj on horseback 
or on foot, that played his part better than hoj or 
indeed so well. Insomuch that the ladies of 
Lyons awarded the honour of the day to him : 
for, as hath been already observed, each was 
obliged, after his fight was over, to walk along 
the lists in view of everybody; wherefore, when it 
came to the good Knight's turn, the Ladies in 
their Lyonese tongue gave him the chief honour, 
saying : " Vey vo cestou malotru / il a mieulxfay 
que tous los autres .*" ** Look at this poor lad ! 
he hath done better than all the others." And 
of the rest of the company he acquired such fisi- 
vour, that good King Charles said at supper, to 
exalt him more : '' By the faith of my body, 
Picquet hath made a beginning, from which, in my 
belief, he will go on to a good end." Then he 
said to the Lord of Ligny : " Cousin, I never 
made you a better present in my life than when 
I gave you him." To which that Lord replied : 
" Sire, if he be a man of merit you will derive 
greater honour from him than I ; for it is the 
commendation you have bestowed on him that hath 


made him undertake all this. God grant that he 
may continue his present course ! But his uncle, 
the Abbot of Esnay^ ^akes ho great pleasure in 
it^ for he hath had money of him and accoutrements 
on his credit :*' of which the King had already 
been informed. So he began to laugh, and all 
the company with him. 



How the Lord of Ligny sent the good Knight to the Gar- 
rison in Picardy, where his company was ; how he lodged 
in a pretty little town called Ayre, and how at his arrival 
his companions came to meet him. 

After the tourney was ended^ the Lord of 
Ligny one morning called the good Knight with- 
out fear and without reproach^ and said to him : 
^ Picquet, my friend^ you haVe a rare beginning 
to your fortunes: the war is to be continued, and 
though I retain you in my household at three 
hundred franks a year, and three horses, yet have 
I put you into my company. Go therefore to 
the garrison to see your comrades; you will there 
find as gallant soldiers as are in Christendom^ 
and who often practise arms, holding jousts and 
tourneys for the love of the Ladies, and for the 
acquiring of honour. On which account it seems 
to me that you cannot be better than with them, 
till there be some rumour of war." The good 
Knight, who wished nothing better, replied: '^ My 
Lord, for all the honours and benefits which you 

VOL. I. E 


have done and are doing me every day^ you can 
only at present receive from me very humble* 
thanks^ and a prayer to our Lord that he will be 
pleased to reward you. But it is my greatest 
desire at present to go see the company you speak 
of; for I cannot witness the good things I have 
heard reported of them ever so short a while, 
without being the better for it all my life, and if 
it be your pleasure I will depart to-morrow." The 
Lord of Ligny said ; " I am willing; but first you 
shall take leave of the King ; I will carry you to him 
after dinner."' Which he did, and they found that 
Monarch just about to rise from table, when the 
Lord of Ligny said to him : *^ Sire, here is your Pic- 
quet ; he is going to see his comrades in Picardy, 
and is come to take leave of you." Thereupon 
the good Knight threw himself on his knees with 
a bold countenance, which the King observed 
with pleasure, and said< smiling: " My friend 
Picquet, may God continue in you what I have 
beheld in your outset, and you will be a brave 
tABXi. You are going into a land where there are 
handsome Ladies, exert yourself to gain their 
favour, and adieu, my friend f " Many thanks, 
Sire," said the good Knight. So he was imme- 
diately embraced of all the Princes and Lorda 


ill bidding fiirewell, and of many Gentlemen, 
who felt much regret at his leaving the court. 
He felt none himself however, but, on the con- 
trary, thought it long till he reached the place 
whither he was bound. The King sent for oi^ 
of the grooms of his chamber, who had some 
money in his coffers, and ordered him to give the 
good Knight three hundred crowns, and likewise 
he caused one of the finest horses in his stabler 
to be delivered to him. Bayard bestowed thirty 
crowns on the groom, and ten on him that brought 
him the courser, for which all that knew of it 
extolled his liberality amazingly. The Lord of 
Ligny brought him back to his lodgings, and talked 
to him that evening as if he had been his own 
child, advising him above all things to keep 
honour constantly before his eyes; a command 
that he hath ever kept to the day of his death. 
At length, when it was time to retire ta bed, his 
Lordship said to him : " My friend Picquet, I 
suppose you will set off to-morrow before I am 
up ; to God I commend you." So he embraced 
him with tears in his eyes ; and the good Knight 
took leave of him kneeling, and went home, es- 
corted by all his companions, from whom he did 
not part without many embraces. Going up into 



his chamber he there found the Lord of Ligny's 
tailor^ with two complete suits of clothes, which 
his kind master had sent him. To him he said : 
" My friend and brother, had I known of this 
fine present, I would have thanked my Lord for 
it, who hath conferred so many other favours on 
me, which I have never deserved at his hands ; 
be pleased to accept that from me :" and he took 
out his purse, and giave him twenty crowns. 

One of the servants of the good Knight said 
to him : " Sir, William the groom but now brought 
my Lord's good horse to your stable, and told nie 
that his Lordship gives him to you. But he 
returned because he was called for, and said 
he would come and speak with you to-morrow." 
" He will not find me," replied Bayard, " for I 
intend to be on horseback by day-break." So 
he turned to the tailor, and put into his hand ten 
crowns, saying to him: " My friend, I pray you 
give that to William the groom of the stable, 
arid be good enough to salute all the fair and 
noble company at the house of my Lord on my 
part." The tailor promised to do so, and having 
left the apartment, the good Kriight packed up 
his trunks, and put his dress in order, to depart 
early the next morning, then got into bed, where 


he rested but little> for it was near midnight when 
he laid himself down. As soon as he rose^ the 
first thing he did was to send off his great horses, 
whereof he had six choice ones, with his baggage. 
He set out himself afterwards with five or six 
admirable curtals, when he had taken leave of 
his host and hostess, and fully satisfied them for 
the time he had spent in their house. His com- 
panion Bellabre was ready as soon as he, and 
accompanied him as far as Bresle; there they 
dined, and there took leave of each other; but 
they made no great ceremony of that; for within 
three or four days after Bellabre reckoned upon 
following his friend, and only waited for a couple 
of great horses, which were coming to him out of 

The good Knight always went by short journeys, 
because he had his horses led ; however at length 
he arrived at three leagues distance from the town 
of Ayre, whence he sent forward one of his peo- 
ple to seek lodgings. When the Gentlemen of 
the company learnt that Picquet was so near, they 
all, or most part of them, mounted their steeds to 
go and meet him: so great a desire had they to 
see him, each being already possessed with an 
opinion of his virtues. They were more than six-^ 


and-twenty young Gentlemen, who found their 
companion half a league from the town. It need 
not be asked whether they gave each other a 
hearty welcome, and they joyfully conducted him, 
conversing together on many subjects, into the 
town; there the Ladies were at the windows; for 
having alreadyheardof the good Knight Picquet s 
nobleness of heart, every one desired to become 
acquainted with him. They saw him, but not so 
much at their ease as they did afterwards. The 
good Knight was led by his comrades to his 
lodgings, where supper was ready prepared, he 
having given order to this effect by his men whom 
he had sent on. Part of his companions, who 
led a merry life, remained, questioning him 
about the state of his means, observing how for- 
tunate he had been at his outset in doing so well 
against Messire Claude de Vauldre, and ex- 
tolling him marvellously. But the good Knight 
appeared nowise transported with that, but replied 
courteously to all their speeches : " Gentlemen, 
my comrades, you do wrong to give me these 
praises, for there is nothing yet in me that can 
make me worth much ; but please the Lord, with 
your good aid, I shall attain to be accounted of 
the number of persons of merit." Then he left 
the subject, and spoke of other matters. 


One of the company called Tardieu, a mirthful 
pleasant man, began to speak, and, addressuig the 
good Knight, said: " Friend comrade, I can assure 
you that, in all Picardy, there are no handsomer 
Ladies than those of this town, whereof your 
hostess, whom you h^ve not yet seen, is one; she 
is gone to the wedding of a niece of hers, but 
will return to-morrow, so you may see her at your 
convenience. It is impossible that you should 
have come to keep garrison without money ; you 
must mak^ yourself talked of on your arrival, and 
by worthy actions acquire the favour of the Ladies 
of the country. It is now a long time since there 
was a prize given in this town; I do beseech you, 
be pleased to give one here within eight days: 
pray do not refuse me the first request that I 
have ever made you." To which the good Knight 
replied; " On my word. Master Tardieu, had 
you asked a greater matter, assure yourself I 
should not have refused you ; how then this which 
is as pleasing to me as to you, and perhaps more 
so? If you will send me the trumpet to-morrow 
morning, and we can gain our Captain's leave, I 
will give you satisfaction in this affair." Tardieu 
rejoined : " Don't trouble yourself about gaining 
leave: Captain Louys d'Ars hath granted it you 


from this time forth^ as no harm is contemplated. 
He is not here at present, but will be in four days. 
If any evil come of it, I take the blame upon 
myself," " Well then," replied the good Knight, 
" to-morrow your desire shall be accomplished/' 
The company remained in conversation until the 
twelfth hour of the night, when they separated 
till the next morning, at which time the above- 
named Tardieu forgot not to repair to the lodging 
of the good Knight, his new companion, and 
to bring him one of the company's trumpets, greet- 
ing him with these words: " Comrade, make 
no excuses, here is your man." 



Haw the good Knight caused a tourney to be published in 
Ay re for the sake of the Ladies y wherein the most sue- 
,cessful combatant was to receive a bracelet of gold, andu 
fine diamond to give to his Lady. 

Although the Knight without fear and without 
4*eproach had great need of rest^ by reason of the 
long journey he had taken, yet the proposal of his 
comrade Tardieu suffered him not to sleep much 
that night; his thoughts were employed upon the 
tourney, and how it should be conducted. He 
Tevolved the matter in his mind, and determined 
respecting the execution of it, as you shall pre- 
sently hear : for wh^n Tardieu came to see him 
in the morning, aud brought him the trumpet, he 
found the order >of the tourney written out, and 
the way in which it was to be conducted set forth: 
which was as follows : " That Pierre de Bayard, 
young Gentleman, and novice in arms, native of 
Dauphiny, one of the King's ordinary men of 
arms, under the charge and conduct of the high 


and mighty Lord of Ligny^ caused a tourney to 
be cried and published for all comers, without the 
town of Ayre, and adjoining the walls, on the 
twentieth day of July, of three strokes of the 
lance, without lists, and twelve of the sword, with 
edged weapons, and in armour of war, the whole 
on horseback; and that to him that performed 
the best he gave a golden bracelet enamelled with 
his device, and of the weight of thirty grains ; 
that the next day there was to be a combat on 
foot,^ at point of lance, within lists the height of 
a man*s middle. And, after the lance was broken, 
with blows of battle-a3ce, at the discretion of the 
judges, and of them that kept the field; and that 
he who did the best was to receive a diamond of 
. forty crowns' value. 

When Tardieu had seen the order, he said : 
" By God, comrade, not Lancelot, nor Tristrem, 
nor Gawaine could have done better. Trumpet, 
go cry that in this town, and then you shall pro- 
ceed from garrison to garrison, for the space of 
three days, to inform all our friends thereof." 
The reader must understand, that in Picardy 
there were then seven or eight hundred men of 
lirms, as the company of the Mareschal des Cordes, 
Philippe de Crevecceur, that of the Scotch, that 


of the Lord of la Palisse, a famed and virtuous 
Captain^ and many others^ who by the said trumpet 
were advertised of the tourney. They, therefore, 
who had a mind to be present, at it, put themselves 
in readiness, for the term was only of eight or ten 
days ; however there wer^ not fewer than forty or 
fifty men of arms upon the ranks. In the interval 
before the desired day, the noble Knight Cap- 
tain Louys d'Ars arrived, and was much delighted 
at having come in time to be a sharer in the 
sport. The good Knight, being informed of his 
return, went to pay his respects to him, and they 
gave each other a cordial welcome. To add still 
more to the zest of the thing, next day Bayard 
was rejoined by his firiend Bellabre, which greatly 
rejoiced all the company. They entertained them- 
selves every day in trying their horses, and giving 
treats to the Ladies, wherein the good Knight, 
among others, played his part very well, insomuch 
that the Dames of the town, and divers who came 
from the surrounding parts to see the tourney, 
gave him the preference above all the rest ; which, 
however, did not inspire him with any pride. 

Now came the day appointed for the commence- 
ment of the tourney, and every one entered the 
ranks. Captain Louys d'Ars was one of the 


judges^ and the Lord of St. Quentin the other. 
The Gentlemen, numbered at forty-six, ranged 
themselves in order, and were divided by lot, 
without any unfair play, three-and-twenty on one 
side, jftnd three-and-twenty on the other. When 
they were all ready ,to begin, the trumpet sounded, 
and after that declared, in all its particulars, the 
order of the tourney. It was the good Knight's 
place to present himself the first upon the ranks, 
and against him came a neighbour of his from 
Dauphiny, named Tartarin, who was very formi- 
dable in the wielding of weapons. They ran at 
X)ne another : Tartarin broke his lance half a foot 
ofi* the head ; and the good Knight smote him at 
the top of the great vantbrace, and broke his 
spear into five or six pieces : at which trumpets 
jsounded furiously, for it was a marvellous fine 
joust. After having accomplished their course, 
they returned for the second, and it was Tartarin's 
fortune to pierce the vantbrace of the good Knight 
about the elbow, so that all the company thought 
his arm was wounded. . The good Knight hit his 
adversary a blow over the visor, and brought away 
a little chaplet of feathers. 

Their courses being finished, Bellabre appeared 
in. the Usts, and was encountered by a Scotch 


gendarm^ named Captain David of Fougas^ and 
they likewise did with their lances the utmost that 
it was possible for Gentlemen to perform. Thus 
they jousted^ two against two, till they had all 
done running. Then they began to fight with 
the sword; the good Knight, commencing accord- 
juig to the order, with the first blow that he struck 
broke his sword into two pieces, and fought so 
well with the rest, up to the number of blows pre- 
scribed, that it was unpossible for atiything to be 
better. Afterwards the others came on in their 
turns : and, for one day, according to the report of 
all the spectators, and even of the judges, never was 
better running with lance, or fighting with sword: 
And although every one acquitted himself vastly 
well, yet the good Knight, Bellabre, Tartarin, 
Captain David, one belonging to the company of 
my Lord of Cordes, named the Bastard of Chimay, 
and Tardieu bore away the palm fi*om all the rest; 
In the evening, when ievery one had done his 
part, they all retired to the lodging of Bayard, 
who had ordered a noble supper to be dressed, 
and got a great number of Ladies together : all 
those in Picardy within ten leagues around having 
come to see this fine tourney ; and sumptuously 
were they entertained. After supper there were 


dances, and many, other pastimes, so that it was an 
hour past midnight ere any one was tired. Then 
they went home, one after another, conducting 
the Ladies to the places where they were to spend 
the night. It was very late in the day before 
they were well awakened, and I can assure you 
they were never weary of commending the good 
Knight, both for his prowess in arms, and for 
his courtesy : and indeed a more gracious and civil 
Gentleman was not to be found in the whole 

Now, to go through with what was begun, next 
day the soldiers all repaired to the house of their 
Captain, Louys d' Ars : thither the good Knight 
had also gone to invite him to dinner at his lodg- 
ing, vnth the Lord of St. Quentin, to meet the 
Ladies of the preceding evening; which was 
agreed to. Then, after they had all been to hear 
mass chanted, might you have seen the young 
Gentlemen offering their arms to the Ladies, and 
leading them, engaged in discourse on love and 
other pleasing topics, to the lodging of the good 
Knight, where, well as they had been entertained 
the night before, at dinner they were so still bet- 
ter. Not long remained the Lords and Ladies 
within doors after dinner, but in the space of 


about two hours all that were of the tourney 
re-entered the ranks^ to perform the order of the 
second day. Now he who thought he had little 
chance of obtaining the first prize, flattered 
himself with the hope of the next. The judges, 
Lords, and Ladies being arrived upon the spot, 
the tilt was opened by the good Knight without 
fear and without reproach, in the usual manner. 
Against him came a Gentleman from Hainault, of 
high reputation, called Hanotin de Sucre; they 
thrust furiously at one another above the lists, 
with their lances, till they had broken them to 
shivers. Then they took their battle-axes, which 
they both had by their sides, and dealt each other 
such sharp and rude strokes, that the combat 
threatened to be a mortal one. At length, how<- 
ever, the good Knight hit his adversary a blow 
about the ear which made him first stagger, and 
then kneel upon both knees, and, assailing him 
again above the lists, he made him kiss the earth, 
whether he would or no; which being seen of 
the judges, they cried out : " Holla ! holla ! it is 
enough I let them retire!" 

After these two came Bellabre and Arnaulton of 
Pierreforade, a Gascon Gentleman, and did won- 
ders with their lances, which were immediately 


broken. Then they came' to their battle-axes^ and 
dealt each other fierce blows; but Bellabre broke 
his, on which account the judges parted them. 
After them Tardieu and David the Scotchman 
entered the lists, and performed very ably : and so 
on, each in his turn, during the space of seven hours, 
till they had all done; and, for a Uttle tournament, 
it displayed as good fighting as they who were at 
it had ever beheld in their lives. When all was 
ended each retired to his own house to disarm, 
and then assembled at that of the good Knight, 
where a banquet was prepared, and there the twQ 
judges, the Lords of Ars and of St. Quentin, and 
all the Ladies were already met. You may ima- 
gine how much talk there was of the two days, 
each saying what he thought on the subject. How- 
ever^ supper being ended, it was now time for the 
judges to make decision, and to award the prizes. 
Many Gentlemen experienced in warlike matters 
were asked their opinion on their honour, and then 
the Ladies on their conscience, without favduriixg 
one more than another. At last it was declared 
both by Gentlemen and Ladies that, although 
every one had acquitted himself extremely well, 
nevertheless, in their opinion, the best combatant 


on both days bad been the good Knight; they 
therefore referred it to him^ as the gainer of the 
prizes^ to bestow his presents where he should 
think fit. 

There was a great dispute between the two 
judges which should pronounce the sentence, 
but the gogd Captain Louys d'Ars entreated the. 
Lord of St. Quentin so much, that at length he 
agreed to do it. The trumpet sounded for silence, 
which being obtained, his Lordship spoke thus : 
" Oentlemep here assembled, especially you that 
have fought at the tourney, of which Master 
Pierre de Bayard hath offered the prizes for two 
days, my Lor'd of Ars and myself, judges com- 
missioned by you all to give a reasonable decree 
on whom those prizes shall be most fitly bestowed, 
we wish you to know, that, after having well and 
duly inquired of all the brave and honourable 
Gentlemen who have attended to see you fight, 
and Ukewise of the noble Ladies here present, we 
find that you have every one played your parts 
very well, and very creditably. But beyond all, 
without disparaging any, the Lord of Bayard hath 
been, according to the common voice, on both 
days the most worthy combatant. Wherefore the 
Gentlemen and Ladies award to him the honour 

VOL. I. F 


of dispensing the prizes where he shall think, fit." 
And addressing the good Knight, he said: 
" Lord of Bayard, bethink you to whom you will 
deliver them." He was quite ashamed, and re- 
mained thoughtful a short space ; then said : " My 
Lord, I know not why it is that I am favoured by 
having this honour conferred on me ; as I think 
there are some who have deserved it much more 
than I ; but since it pleases the Lords and Ladies 
to make me judge, entreating all the Gentlemen 
my companions, who have done better than my- 
self, not to be displeased at it, I give the prize of 
the first day to my Lord of Bellabre, and that of 
the second to Captain David the Scot." 

So the presents were immediately deUvered to: 
them, nor did any one, man or woman, murmur at 
it, but the dances and sports were entered upon. 
The Ladies could never be satisfied with speaking 
well of the good Knight, who was so beloved in 
Picardy as no man more. He remained there two 
years, and during that time many tourneys and 
Qther entertainments took place, in most of which 
the good Knight bore away the bell. And the 
chief reason why every one loved him was, that a 
more liberal or gracious person could not be found 
upon earth. None of h^s companions was ever 


dismounted that he did not assist him to get upon 
his horse again. Was he in possession of a 
crown, all shared it. Young as he was, the first 
thing he did when he rose was to serve God. He 
was a great giver of ahns ; and there was no man, 
during his life, who could say he had refused him 
any thing within his power to grant. At the end 
of two years the young King Charles of France 
undertook his journey to Naples, accompanied by 
the Lord of Ligny ; who therefore sent in good time 
to fetch the Knight without fear and without re- 
proach ; for, knowing his virtues, and the honour- 
able manner in which he was spoken of, he would 
by no means leave him behind. 




Ilorv the King of France, Charles VII L, made preparations 
to set out for the conquest of Naples, which he effected 
by his prowess and valour, without much effusion of blood. 

Two years afterwards, or thereabout, gQod 
King Charles resolved to go and conquer the 
Kingdom of Naples. The causes and occasions 
whereupon he undertook the journey are fully con- 
tained in other histories and chronicles, seeing 
which to make a'long recital of them would only 
weary my readers, and waste paper. Nevertheless, 
as every one must have read and clearly under- 
stood, the good King Charles accompUshect his 
journey as honourably as it was possible. He 
planted his Courts of Justice within Rome, brought 
the Pope to reason, and entirely gained the King- 
dom of Naples, where he left the Lord of Mont- 
pensier as his Lieutenant-General and Viceroy. 
Then he disposed himself to go back to France, 
and met with no obstacle till he arrived at a place 
called Fornova, where he found full sixty thousand 


combatants^ all Italians, and belonging to various 
Potentates, as the Pope, the Venetians, the Duke 
of Milan, and many other Lords, who had schemed 
to overthrow the good King on his return, and 
take him prisoner; because they were assured that 
he had left part of his forces in the Kingdom heS 
had just conquered, and had not more than ten 
thousand men with him. 

Notwithstanding this, the good and noble 
Prince, who had the heart of a lion, secure of 
being well served by the few troops he had with 
him, determined to wait and give them battle; 
this he did with our Lord's aid, whereby his 
enemies gained foul shame and heavy loss, and he 
inestimable glory ;, for he had not seven hundred 
men slain, whereas they lost eight or ten thousand 
of their best ; specially the greatest Captains of 
the Seigniory of Venice remained upon the field, 
and many of the House of Gonzagua, the head 
whereof is the Marquis of Mantua, who was there 
likewise, but took advantage of his spurs and his 
good steed ; and had it not been for the swelling 
of a little stream, the overthrow would have been 
more complete. At the first attack the good 
Knight without fear and without reproach carried 
himself triumphantly above all the rest, in the 


company of his noble master the Lord of ligny, 
and had two horses kiDed under him that day. 
The King, being told of it, gave him five hundred 
crowns, and the good Knight in return presented 
him with the standard of some cavalry which he 
had gained in the pursuit. 

Thence the King proceeded to Vercelli, where 
he found a fine troop of Swiss come to ofier him 
their aid, if necessary. He remained some days 
there with his camp, being desirous to reheve his 
brother-in-law, the Duke of Orleans, who was be- 
sieged in Novara by Lewis Sforza Duke of Milan, 
and the Venetians. There was much going and 
coming of people who busied themselves to bring 
about peace, insomuch that some treaty was at 
length adjusted. The King therefore returned to 
Lyons, where he found the good Queen, his loyal 
consort, and with her the Duchess of Bourbon, 
her sister. 

The King of France quitted that city for the 
sake of visiting his good patron at St. Denys in 
France, where his predecessors lay buried ; and 
he spent two or three years in travelling up and 
down his Kingdom, leading a very good and holy 
life, and maintaining justice to the satisfaction of 
his subjects : for he sat hinqiself in the chair of 


justice twice a week, to hear the complaints and 
grievances of all, and attended to the poorest. 
He received tidings that the NeapoUtans had 
revolted to Ferdinand, son of King Alphonso, and 
also that his Lieutenant-General, the Count of 
M ontpensier, was dead, and that all his Captains 
were returning to France. So he proposed to him- 
self to go thither in person, when he saw a fitting 
opportunity. Meantime he lived in his own 
Kingdom very virtuously, and had three children 
by his wife, but they all died. 

In the September of the year 1407, this good 
Prince left Tours for Lyons, thinking to take his 
journey to Naples ; but the project was abandoned, 
on what account I know not* He returned to 
Amboise, and on the 7th of April, in the follow- 
ing year, whilst watching tennis-players in a 
gallery was seized widi a weakness, which carried 
him off soon after: an irreparable loss to the 
Kealm of France ; as he had given proofs during 
his whole reign, of the most excellent dispositions, 
the most mild, gracious, clement and merciful. I 
believe that God hath assigned him his portion 
among the blessed, for the good Prince was not 
{itained by a single unworthy vice. I have given 
no detailed account of his life, it being set down 
sufficiently elsewhere. 



How Lewis, Duke of Orleans^ succeeded to the crown of 
France, as the nearest heir, with the name of Lewis XIL 

On the demise of good King Charles, there 
being no heir male^ Lewis, Duke of Orleans, as 
next to him, succeeded to the throne, was conse« 
crated at Rheims the 27th of May, 1408, and 
crowned at St. Denys the first day of July ensuing. 
He had espoused the Princess Joan of France, 
sister of his predecessor : but by reason that it 
was thought she could have no issue, and that he 
bad married her against his inclination, from a 
dread of the fury of her father, Lewis XI., he had 
her called into court. On this occasion the Pope 
appointed Judges to try the cause, and in the end 
she was by them determined not to be his wife. 
Wherefore, leaving her the Duchy of Berry for 
her fortune, he married the Duchess of Brittany, 
widow of the late King. Whether it were well 
or ill done God alone knows. The good 
Duchess of Berry livedo in holiness all her days, 
and it hath been said that after her death God 


worked miracles for her sake. The King on 
his accession thought * fit to expose all the royal 
offices to sale that did not relate to judicature, 
whereby he obtained a large sum of money; for 
he was terribly afraid of oppressing his people by 
taxes and subsidies. What he had always most 
at heart was, the recovery of his Duchy of 
Milan, which belonged to him in right of the 
Lady Yalentina his grandmother, and was with- 
held at that time by the Lord Ludovic Sforza, as 
it had previously been by his father. But they 
of the House of Orleans, by reason of the long 
wars carried on in France against the EngUsh, as 
well as of the broils that sprung up on occasion of 
the murder of the Dukes of Orleans and Bur^ 
gundy, had never been able to contend for their 
right. He now found himself ii^ a condition to 
dispute the point with his enemy* He made his 
entry at Lyons on the tenth day of July, 14©8, 
then caused his army to pass on into the County of 
Asti, under the conduct of the Lord Jean Jacques 
de Trivulce, and of the Lord of Aubigny, who 
were both wise and valiant Knights* On first 
entering they took and sacked two small places 
palled Anon, and La Rocca. Thence they drew 
off to Alexandria, and besieged them within who 


were for Ludovic Sforza, and who defended them- 
selves Tery well; but at -length the place was 
taken. They of Pavia> learning this, submitted to 
the King of France. Sforza, seeing himself in 
these straits, thus deserted of his subjects, aban- 
doned Milan, and retired into Germany, to Maxi- 
milian, King of the Romans, who received him 
joyfidly; they two having been at all times in 
strict league together. Immediately upon his de- 
parture the inhabitants of Milan surrendered to 
the French; news whereof reaching the King 
of France, he used all diligence to go and make 
his public entry there. 

A few days after, by means of money and pro- 
misesy the French got possession of the Casde, he 
who had it to keep for Ludovic Sforza playing 
him a base and wicked trick : for by it his master 
had always hoped to regain the Duchy. When 
the other places heard that the Castle of Milan 
had surrendered, they lost all hope, and submitted 
to the King of France. In like manner did they 
of Genoa, to whom he sent the Lord of Ravestain, 
a near relation of his own on his mother's side, as 
Governor. On the 4th of October, in the same 
year, the Queen of France lay in of a fair girl, 
named Claude. The King abode not long in the 



Duchy of Milan^ but, leaving the government 
of it to«the Lord Jean Jacques, the Castle in 
keeping of the Lord of Espy, and La Rocchetta 
in that of a Scottish Gentleman, near of kin to the 
Lord of Aubigny, he returned to Lyons. This 
benefit he conferred on the Dutchy before his 
departure that he lessened the tributes and imposi- 
tions one third ; for which all the people praised 
him marvellously, and he quite gained the hearts of 
some. The King made no long sojourn atLyons, 
but, proceeding, farther in his Kingdom, came to 
Orleans, where he settled a dispute between the 
Dukes of Gueldres and of JuUers, and made them 



How, after the conquest of the Duchy of Milan, the ^ood 
Knight remained in Italy; and how he held a tourney in 
the town ofCarignan, in Piedmont, whereat he gained the 

On the return of the King of France from 
Italy in joy and gladness at having conquered his 
Duchy of M ilan^ and made his enemy, Ludovic 
Sforza, fly into Germany, to crave the aid of 
Maximilian, King of the Romans, the garrisons 
of the French were left behind in Lombardy 
taking their pleasure, holding jousts, tourneys, 
and other entertainments. The good Knight, 
who in his childhood had been bred up in the 
House of Savoy, went to visit a worthy Lady, 
formerly married to his first master, Duke Charles. 
The Lady's name was Blanch; she resided in 
Piedmont, at a town belonging to her own dowry 
called Carignan. Being fraught with all courtesy 
she gave him a joyful welcome, and treated him 
as though he had been a kinsman of her own. 


Now you must undetstand that there was no 
house of Prince or Princess, in Italy, France, or 
elsewhere, in which Gentlemen were better* enter- 
tained, or more diversion afforded them, than in 
this. Of the household was a very worthy Dame, 
who had possessed great influence over the 
Duchess in her youth, and did so still, named 
Madame de Fluxas; her husband was also there, 
an hpnest Gentleman, under whom the whole 
house was managed. I must tell you that when 
the good Knight was given as page to Duke 
Charles of Savoy, this Madame de Fluxas was a 
young Lady of the household, attendant upon the 
Duchess ; and thus, as people at their time of 
life are usually fond of associating together, they 
formed such a mutual attachment, consistently 
with honour, that, might tbey have followed their 
mere inclinations, with little regard to conse- 
quences, they would have straightway taken each 
other in marriage. But you have already heard 
how Duke Charles sent to Lyons to see the King 
of France, and gave him the good Knight for his 
page, through which the young lovers lost sight 
of each other for a long time. The expedition to 
Naples intervened, with many other occurrences. 


for the space of four years, ere they had any in- 
tercourse with each other except by letters. 

During this time the Lady married the Lord 
of Fluxas, one possessed of much wealth, and who 
took her for her personal graces ; as of the goods 
of fortune she had very few. But desiring, as a 
virtuous woman might, to let the good Knight see 
that the honourable love she had borne him in for- 
mer years still lasted, on his arrival at Carignan 
she showed him all the kindness and courtesy 
which a Gentleman could possibly receive, and 
talked much about their youth, and many other 
matters. This noble Dame of Fluxas, who, in 
the adornments of beauty, as well as of a sweet 
and gracious manner of speaking, yielded to no 
woman in the world, eulogized the good Knight 
in her discourse most highly. She reminded him 
of his success in arms when he made his first 
attempt against Messire Claude de V^uldr^, of the 
tourney that he won at Ayre in Picardy, and of the 
honour that he gained in the battle of Fomova, 
the fame whereof was spread throughout France 
and Italy. In brief, she extolled and blazoned 
him to such a degree that the poor Gentleman 
blushed for shame. Quoth she to him : " My 


Lord of Bayard^ my friend, this is the House in 
which you were first brought up ; and it were a 
most unseemly thing if you made not yourself 
known here, as you have done elsewhere." The 
good Knight replied : *^ Madam, you are aware 
that, from your youth I have loved, prized, and 
honoured you, and I hold you so wise and well 
taught that you wish ill to no one, and to me least 
of all people. Be kind enough to tell me what 
it is you would have me do, to please her Lady- 
ship my good mistress, yourself above all^'^^nd 
the rest of the fair and worthy company here 
assembled." The Dame of Fluxas then said : 
" It appears to me, my Lord of Bayard, (but let 
me not be troublesome to you,) that you would do 
well to hold a tourney in this town, for the honour 
of my Lady, who will take it in exceeding good 
part. You have hereabouts many French Gen- 
tlemen of your own company, and others of the 
country, who will take delight in being present at 
it, I am very certain." " Truly," said the good 
Knight, " since you wish it, the thing shall be 
done. You are the first Lady in the world who 
ever gained my heart to her service, by her 
charms. I am sure that I shall never have any 
thing of you but your lips and hands, for, by 


seeking more, I should only lose my labour : and 
on my soul, I had rather die than press you with 
a dishonourable suit. I do pray that you will 
give me. one of your sleeves, for I have need 
of it" The Lady, not knowing what he wanted 
with it, deUvered it to him, and he put it into the 
sleeve of his doublet, without explaining himself 

Supper w^s now ready, at which every one 
made good cheer, and then the dances began, all 
acquitting themselves to the best of their abilities^ 
The Lady Blanch talked with the good Knight 
about his bringing up, till midnight, when it 
became time to retire. The latter however closed 
not his eyes the whole night, as you may imagine^ 
but lay meditating on what he had to do, and settled 
it all in his own mind. In the morning he sent a 
trumpet to the towns round about, where there 
were garrisons, to inform the Gentlemen, that, if 
they would repair, within four days after that 
Sunday, to the town of Carignan, arrayed in 
armour of war, he should bestow a prize, consist- 
ing of his Lady's sleeve, with a ruby worth an 
hundred ducats appended thereto, upon him who 
should perform the best at three strokes of the 
lance, without lists, and twelve of the sword. The 


trumpeter did his devoir, and brought back a 
written answer from fifteen Gentlemen, who pro- 
mised to attend. This came to be known by the 
Lady Blanch, who was right glad of it, and had 
her scaffold erected on the place where the 
courses and the combat were to be enacted. On 
the day fixed, about an hour after noon, the good 
Knight entered the ranks, armed at all points, 
with three or four of his comrades, as the Lord of 
Bouvent, the Lord of Mondragon,- and others ; 
but they had not been there long before all the 
rest, who intended to run, presented themselves. 
First began the good Knight, and against him 
came the Lord of Rouastre, a gallant Gentleman, 
bearing the ensign of Duke Philibert of Savoy; 
he was an expert and daring Knight, and made a 
brave thrust with his lance, which shivered it into 
three or four splinters. But the good Knight 
dealt him so resolute a blow on the top of his 
great bu£^ that, piercing it right through, he un- 
cased him, and made his spear fly into five or six 
pieces. The Lord of Rouastre resumed his, and 
ran the second course, in which he performed very 
well, and broke his lance as potently as the first 
time, or more so. But the good Knight smote 
him within the visor, knocked off his crest, and 

VOL. f, G 


made him stagger : howbeit he was not unhorsed. 
At the thurd bout the Lord of Rouastre crossed ; 
the good Knight's lance flew into shivers. After 
them came Mondragon and the Lord of Cheuron, 
who performed their courses to the admiration of 
every . one. Two others followed them ; and 
finally they all did themselves much credit^ and 
gave satisfaction to the company. 

The spears being made an end of^ it grew 
time that the swords should come into play: 
but the good Knight had no sooner struck two 
blows than he broke his own, and caused his 
adversary's to fly out of his hand. Then came 
they on one after another^ and acquitted themselves 
after such a fashion that their performance could 
not have been exceeded^ and ere all was over it 
waxed very late. The Lady Blanch invited the 
Gentlemen, by the Lord of Fluxas, to sup at the 
Castle, which none of them decHned, and you may 
be sure they were handsomely treated, as was the 
&shion of that place. After supper the hautboy 
players and minstrels sounded their instruments^ 
when, before the dancing commenced, the prize 
must be given to him who had, iii reason, deserved 
it. The Lords of Grandmont and of Fluxas, who 
were the judges questioned all present, as weH 


Gentlemen and Ladies, as the combatants them- 
selves, and it was their unanimous opinion that 
the good Knight had gained the prize by the law 
of arms. Accordingly the judges came to present 
it to him ; but he, blushing with shame, refused 
it, saying that this honour was attributed to him 
wrongfully. and without cause : but that if he had 
done any thing well the Lady of Fluxas was the 
occasion of it, she having lent him her sleeve, and 
that he referred it to her to bestow the prize 
where she thought fit. The Lord of Fluxas, who 
was not ignorant of the hbnourable character of 
the good Knight, conceived no jealousy of him, 
and went straight to his wife, with the Lord of 
Grandmont, saying : " Madam, my Lord of 
Bayard, to whom the prize of the tourney hath 
been awarded, declares, in presence of your hus- 
band, that it is you who have won it, on account 
of your sleeve which you have given him ; there- 
fore he sends it you to dispose of it as you like." 
She, who was admirably versed in the arts of 
politeness, appeared nothing confused, but thank- 
ing the good Knight very humbly for the honour 
he did her, spoke these words : " Since my Lord 
of Bayard is good enough to say that my sleeve 
hath made him gain the prize, I will keep it all my 

G 2 


life for his sake. But with regard to the ruby, since 
he will not accept it, as the most worthy combatant, 
I am of. opinion that it should be given to my Lord 
of Mondragon, who is thought to have done the 
best after him.", What she ordained was executed, 
no one murmuring at it. The Lady Blanch 
felt much satisfaction in having bred up such a 
personage as the good Knight, whom every one 
spoke highly of. The prize being given, dancing 
commenced, and lasted till past midnight, when all 
separated. The French Gentlemen remained 
five or six days longer at Carignan in the midst of 
sports and festivities, passing their time most agree- 
ably, and then returned to their garrisons. The 
good Knight also took leave of the Dutchess, his 
worthy mistress, telling her, that there was no 
Prince or Princess in the world, after his Sovereign, 
to whose service he was more devoted than to 
hers : for which she thanked him kindly. Then 
he proceeded to say farewell to his first love the 
Dame of Fluxas, who could not part from him 
without shedding tears, and he on his side was 
greatly moved. This honourable affection lasted 
between them till death, and no year passed that 
they did not send presents to each other. For a 
whole month nothing was talked of at the Gastle, 


and in the town of Carignan, but the prowess, 
honour, gentleness and courtesy of the good 
Knight. And he was as much set by in the former 
place as if he had been the heir of it. During 
his stay there he found Pisou de Chenas serving 
in some office, he that had been head groom to his 
ma§ter, Duke Charles of Savoy, and from whom 
he had once received civilities, which he was then 
desirous of requiting. After having taken him to 
his lodging, and entertained him well, he gave 
him a horse worth fifty crowns, for which the 
good man thanked him from the bottom of his 
heart. He asked what had become of the equerry 
that had charge of him when he was one of the 
household. Pisou de Chenas replied, that he 
dwelt at Montcallier, whither he had retired on 
marrying, and was grown very gouty. The good 
Knight, not ungrateful for his kindness to him in 
times past, sent him a very good and handsome 
mule by the same Pisou : and by so doing he 
clearly showed that he had not forgotten the 
benefits conferred on him in his earlier years. 



Hcyw the Lord Ludovic Sforza returned from Germany ivith 
a good number of LansquenetSy and retook the town of 
Milan from the French, 

You have heard how the Lord Ludovic retired 
mto Germany to the Emg of the Romans ; now 
it must be understood that he went not thither 
unprovided with money, of which he had great 
need for the enterprize he was meditating; as 
appeared by proof, for, a little while after he had 
beea driven away, he returned into Lombardy 
with a good number of German forces, both 
cavalry and infantry, along with some Swiss, and 
some Burgundian gendarms. 

On the 3d of January, by means of private 
intelligence, he retook the town of Milan, and 
drove the French out: however the Castle remained 
still in the King's power. Following the example 
of this place several towns in the Dutchy revolted: 
among others, all those on the way to Genoa, as 
Tortona, Voghiera, and divers Castles. When 


the King of France heard of the troubles m his 
Dutchy, like a valiant and vigorous Prince, he 
mustered a great army to send thither, at the head 
of which he put the Lord of Ligny, and the Lord 
Jean Jacques, who assembled their army in the 
Astesan^ and began to march* I must now give 
you some account of what occui^ed to the good 
Knight without fear and without reproach during 
the time that Sforza was within Milan, and a little 
while after he took it. He had remained, by his 
master's permission, in Italy, when the King 
returned to France, being addicted to arms above 
all things else in the world, and imagining that, 
ere he had remained long there, the Lord Ludo- 
vie, who was gone to seek succours in Ger- 
mimy, would return with forces, and consequently 
that some fighting would ensue; for not much 
had taken place on the first conquest of the 
Dutchy. He was in garrison twenty miles from 
Milan, with other young Gentlemen, who were 
makmg marveUous fine courses against one ano- 
ther continually. 

One day the good Knight was informed that, 
within Binasco, there were three hundred horse, 
whom it would be very easy to defeat : so he be- 
sought his conurades that they would be pleased 


to. go and pay them a visit in his company. 
Being greatly beloved by all he easily carried his 
point: so they got ready betimes in the morning, 
and went, to the number of forty or fifty men, 
to try if they could do any good service. The 
Captain who commanded within Binasco, was a 
very worthy Knight, wise, and experienced in war, 
named Messer Giovanni Bernardino Cazache* 
Having good spies, he received intelligence that 
the French were on their way to come and attack 
him. Unwilling to be caught unprepared, he put 
himself in a posture of defence, and drew out his 
men two bow-shots from the gates. So he pro- 
ceeded to reconnoitre the enemy, the sight of 
whom gave him great satisfaction ; as he was of 
opinion from their small number, that they could 
work him no dishonour. They began to approach 
one another crying, " France^ France;^ " Moor^ 
Moor;' and great and perilous was tjie shock: 
for both parties were dismounted, and had much 
difficulty in getting upon their horses again. 
Whoever had seen the good Knight doing martial 
deeds, cutting off heads, and hewing arms and 
legs, would have sooner taken him for a furious 
lion than for an amorous young Gentleman. 
Briefly, this conflict lasted an hour, and victory was 


still undecided; which greatly disturbed the good 
Knight^ and he said to his comrades : '^ Gentle- 
men, shall these few hold us at work all day ? If 
they within came to know of it, not one of us would 
escape. Let us instantly take heart, and beat 
them off the field." The words of the good 
Knight mspired valour into his companions/and, 
shouting ** France^ France T with one accord, 
they made a sharp and terrible assault upon the 
Lombards ; who began to lose ground, and to re- 
coil before them, defending themselves very well. 
They continued to retreat for about four or five 
miles toward Milan, till, seeing themselves very 
near it, they turned their horses' heads, and 
galloped at fiiU speed to the town. 

The French followed so fast that they were 
hard upon them; then one of the eldest, who was 
well acquainted with war, cried, " Turn, man at 
arms, turn." Which every one obeyed but the 
good Knight, who, quite heated, continued to 
chase and pursue his enemies. So that he entered 
Milan amid them in the confusion, and pursued 
them as far as the Palace, where the Lord 
Ludovic had taken up his abode. As he bore the 
white crosses every one cried, " Take him, Take 
him;^ he was surrounded on all sides and made 


prisoner by Cazc^cke^ who led him to his own 
house^ and had him disarmed. . Finding him 
a very young Grendeman, not more than two or 
three and twenty years old» he was astonished 
that at such an age he could be possessed of the 
prowess he had witnessed in him. The Lord 
Ludovic, who had heard the uproar, inquired the 
occasion of it : some that were acquainted with the 
affidr, related it to him, and how the Lord Gio- 
vanni Bernardino, while at Binasco, had been 
attacked by the French> who had at length driven 
him into Milan, and that amongst them in the 
chase a Frenchman had entered, a marvellously 
bold and valiant Gentleman, and extremely young. 
Then he ordered them to go and conduct him into 
his presence, which was immediately done. 



Hem the Lord Ludomc wanted to see the good Knight with- 
out Jear and without reproach; and how, after having 
talked with him, he sent him back, and earned his horse and 
his arms to be restored to him. 

They went straight to the house of the Lord 
Giovanni Bernardino, to seek his prisoner, and 
carry him to Ludovic Sforza, who had sent for 
him. The Captain was afraid lest that Lord in his 
fury should o&r him some affront ; therefore, being 
a courteous and benevolent personage, he chose 
to conduct the good Knight himself, after having 
clothed him in his own apparel, and put him into 
the plight of a Grentleman. Then he presented 
him to the Lord Ludovic, who marvelled, when 
he saw him so young, that he should have gained 
such high applause. However he accosted him, 
saying: " Come hither, my Gentleman, who 
brought you into this town ?" The good Knight, 
not in the least daunted, made answer : ^^ Faith, 
my Lord, I thought not to enter alone, and sup- 


posed that my companions were following me, 
but they understood war better than I: — had they 
so done they would have been taken prisoners as 
well as myself. Howbeit, with the exception of 
this mishap, I commend my fortune, which hath 
caused me to fall into the hands of so good a master 
as he that hath me in keeping ; for he is a very 
wise and valiant Knight." 

Then the Lord Ludovic asked him upon his 
honour how numerous the army of the King of 
France was. " On my soul, my Lord," replied he, 
" it consists of fourteen or fifteen hundred gen- 
darms, and sixteen or eighteen thousand foot. 
But they are all chosen men, who have resolved 
to labour hard till they have secured the State of 
Milan to the King their master. And it appears 
to me, my Lord, that you would be as safe in 


Germany as here; for your people are not fit to 
war with us." The good Knight spake so boldly 

ft .... 

that the Lord Ludovic was quite pleased, notwith- 
standing that what he had said was enough to 
startle him. But, to show that he cared Uttle for 
the return of the French, he said, as it were jest- 
ingly : " On my honour, my Gentleman, I have a 
great desire to see the King of France his army and 
mine encounter one another, in order that it may 


be ascertained in battle to whom this territory of 
right belongeth ; tl^ere seems to me no other way 
of settUng the affair/* 

" By my oath, my Lord," said the good Knight, 
" I would it were to-morrow, provided that I was 
out of prison." " Truly, it shall not stick there," 
replied the Lord Ludovic, " for I set you free 
immediately ; and moreover, ask what you will of 
me, and it shall be granted." The good Knight 
thanked the Lord Ludovic on his knees for the 
offers he had made him, as was due, and said : 
" My Lord, I ask nothing of you ; except that if 
you will extend your courtesy so far as to cause 
my horse, and my arms, which I have brought 
hither, to be restored to me, and will send me to my 
garrison, which is twenty miles hence, you will do 
me a very great favour, and one for which I shall feel 
myself obliged to you all my life : and, as far as is 
compatible with the service of the King my master, 
and my own honour, I shall be very willing to 
make acknowledgment in any thing that you may 
be pleased to command." " In goo^d faith," said 
the Lord Ludovic, " your request shall be com- 
plied with directly." So he said to Messer Gio- 
vanni Bernardino : *^ Captain, let them instantly 
find him his horse, arms, and all his accoutre- 


ments." " My Lord," said the Captain, " it is 
easy to find them; they are all at my house.'* 
Upon that he sent two or three servants thither 
immediately, to fetch his horse, and his arms, and 
the Lord Ludovic made him arm in his presence. 
When he was equipped he mounted his horse, 
without putting foot into the stirrup. Then he 
asked for a lance, which was given him, and raising 
his visor, he said : " My Lord, I thank you for 
your courtesy : the Lord requite you!" He was 
in a handsome and spacious court; so he put 
spurs to his horse, which took four or five most 
spirited leaps ; then he coursed him a little, and, 
in so doing, broke his lance against the ground 
into five or six pieces, at which the Lord Ludovic 
was not over deUghted, and said aloud : " If all 
the French gendarms were like this one, I should 
be at a fearful pass." Nevertheless he gave him 
a trumpet to conduct him to his garrison : but he 
went not so far ; for the French army was now 
^only ten or twelve miles from Milan, fully informed 
of the capture of the good Knight, and of the 
daringness he had displayed ; though his conduct 
savoured somewhat of his youth. When he 
arrived at the camp, his good master, the Lord of 
Ligny, went to meet him, and s^id, laughing : 


" Ah 1 Picquet! who hath released you from prison^ 
eh? Have you paid your ransom? In truth I 
purposed sending one of my trumpets to discharge 
it and bring you back." " My Lord," said the 
good Knight, " I thank you very humbly for your 
kind intention : the Lord Ludovic, of his great 
courtesy, hath set me free." So he related to 
them every particular of his being taken, and of 
his deliverance. All his companions came to see 
him, and welcomed him heartily. The Lord Jean 
Jacques asked whether he thought there were 
any hopes, from the look and discourse of the 
Lord Ludovic, that he would give battle ; to which 
the good Knight replied : " My Lord, he let me 
not so far into his counsels ; but, to all appearance, 
he is a man that may not be easily daunted : you 
wiU see what will happen in a few days. For my 
own part, I cannot complain of him, so well and 
honourably hath he behaved toward me. Most 
of his people are in Novara, and he hath resolved 
upon sending for them to Milan, or joining them 




Haw the Lord Ludacic retired into Naoara, suspecting 
that the French wotdd enter Milan hy the Castle, and how 
he was taken. 

When the Lord Ludovic knew that the anny 
of the King of France was so near Milan^ and 
considered that the Castle was not in his hands^ 
he doubted 'that he should be surprized within 
the town; so he stole away by night with the 
forces that he had in Milan^ except a few which 
he left there with his brother, the Cardinal Asca- 
nio, and went to see his army at Novara ; whither, 
when the matter became known in the French 
camp, the King's Lieutenant, with the Lord of la 
Trimouille, who had arrived there a few days 
before, resolved to go and attack him. The 
Lord Ludovic had numerous forces, but of very 
different nations, as Burgundians, Germans, and 
Swiss, and on this account not very easy to govern. 
For, however it came to pass, in a few days this 
town of Novara surrendered into the hands of the 


King of France his Lieutenants. And, because a 
report ran that the Lord Ludovic was not in the 
town, and that he had retired for a second time 
into Germany, it was ordained that the infantry 
should all pass under the pike; which they did: 
and amongst them was recognised this poor Lord 
Ludovic, who submitted to the Lord of Ligny, 
when he found there was no help for it. I cannot 
tell how it happened, but he had been terribly ill 
served. This took place on the Friday before 
Palm Sunday, in the year 1500. The rest of his 
army came off clear. I believe that they did re- 
ceive some pay ; for it was* said that the Swiss, 
whom the Lord Ludovic had with him, mutinied 
for want of pay: but since, I have heard the con- 
trary, and that they were corrupted by the Bailiff 
of Dijon, who had great credit with them. More- 
over the number of Swiss in the French army was 
greater than of those within Novara, and they 
declined fighting against one another. I have 
seen that happen many times in France, and occa- 
sion much mischid*. 

However it came about, the Lord Ludovic 
remained a prisoner, and was conducted forthwith 
to Lyons, then to the Liz St. George, and, lastly, 
to the Castle of Loches, in which he ended his 

VOL. I. H 



days. It was a great pity, for he had been a 
f^^mous Prmce in his life, but fortune looked 
unkindly on him at the latter end of it. The 
Cardinal Ascanio, his brother, who had remained 
in Milan, when he heard of this mischance, sent 
his two nephews, children of the Lord Ludovic, 
for safety into Germany, to the King of the 
Romans. For his own particular, he fled, well 
and numerously accompanied, namely, by four or 
five hundred horse, to Bologna ; but was taken 
prisoner on the road by a Venetian Captain, called 
Sonzino di Gonzagua ; who afterwards delivered, 
him into the hands of the French ; but he gave 
not up his personal goods and baggage, which 
were estimated at two hundred thousand ducats. 
When they of the Dutchy of Milan, who had re- 
volted on the return of Ludovic Sforza, knew that 
he had been taken, it was not long ere they turned 
round again to the French, as they were terribly 
afraid of being sacked and plundered. But they 
met with nothing but mildness and friendship 
from them ; having to do with a good Prince and 
virtuous Captains. 



How the Lord of lAgny went to visit Voghiera, Tortona, 
and other places in the Dutchy ofMiUuiy whkh the King 
had given him : and of a handsome action which the 
good Knight did. 

The reader must understand that^ when the 
King of France made his first conquest of the 
Dutchy of M ilan^ he wished to recompense his 
good servants by giving them lands and Lordships 
in the same : in particular to the Count of Ligny 
he gave Tortona, Voghiera, and some other 
places ; the inhabitants whereof-^ revolted on the 
retinrn of the Lord Ludovic, which greatly toubled 
the Lord of Lagny. So he resolved to go and 
visit them, taking along with him his Lieutenant, 
the worthy Captain Louys d'Ars, the good Knight 
without fear and without reproach, who at that 
time bore his standard, and many other Gentle- 
men. He came to Alessandria, and gave out that 
he should deUver up Tortona and Voghiera to be 
pillaged ; though he was of too good a disposition 
to intend any such thing. When his subjects 





heard of his coming, and of the report which went 
about of their destruction, they were quite thun- 
derstruck, and not without reason. They held 
counsel together that they would send a deputation 
to their Lord, in the humblest ^uise possible, to 
implore his clemency ; which they did ; and twenty 
of the most considerable inhabitants went two 
miles from Voghiera to make their excuses to him. 
But though they were brought before the Lord 
of Ligny, and he knew them well enough, yet he 
made as if he saw them not, and passed on through 
the town to the lodging that had been taken for 

The poor people who had gone to meet him 
were much confounded at so uncomfortable a re- 
ception. They retired into their town as quietly 
as possible, and sought means of speaking with 
the Captain Louys d'Ars, that he might appoint 
a time for them to appear before their Lord: 
which he promised to effect if possible ; for there 
never lived a better natured man. Accordingly 
he assigned them the next day. Meanwhile he 
went to expostidate with the Lord of Ligny, beg- 
ging that he would be graciously pleased to give 
them a hearing: which was granted to his request: 
and on the morrow, after dinner, fifty of the most 

•• > 


considerable townsmen came to his lodging, and 
threw themselves on their knees before him, bare- 
headed, crying out " Mercy''' Then one among 
them, a very eloquent man, began to utter these, or 
similar words, in the Italian tongue ; " My Lord, 
your very humble and very obedient subjects 
and servants of this poor town of yours, recom- 
mend themselves with their whole heart, and with 
all possible humility, to your good favour: beseech- 
ing you, of your nobless, to pardon the crime 
they have been guilty of, as well toward their 
Sovereign, the King of France, as toward your- 
self, in having revolted. And consider, in your . 
own bosom, that this is no town to hold out against 
an armed force; and that, however they may have 
acted, their hearts remained unchanged, and were 
still completely French. And if, through their 
poorness of spirit, they have committed a heavy 
offence, of your great goodness let your wrath be 
assuaged, as they assure you, my Lord, they will 
never transgress in like manner again; and should 
they, abandoned by God, be led at any time to 
return to their former error, they put their wives, 
their children, and all they possess, at your dispo- 
sal; and to demonstrate how desirous they are of 
remaining as I say in regard to you, they offer 


you, in all humility, a little present, proportionable 
to their means, consisting of three hundred marks 
of silver plate, which you will be pleased to accept, 
as a token that your anger against them is allay-' 

Then he held his peace, and caused basins, 
cups, goblets, and other silver vessels to be pro- 
duced upon two tables, which the Lord of ligny 
deigned not even to look at: but replied scorn- 
fully, like an incensed man: ^^ How dare ye come 
into my presence, wicked, base, infamous wretches, 
who have revolted like cowards, without cause or 
reason? What confidence henceforward can I 
ever place in you? Had your town been laid 
siege to, cannonaded, and assaulted, it would have 
been a different affair: but the enemies never even 
shewed you their faces : which clearly proves that 
you acquiesced in the usurpation of this Dutchy of 
your own free will and inclination. Ought I not, 
if I did my duty, to have you hung and strangled, 
like disloyal traitors, on the cross-work before 
your own windows? Go fly from before me! 
Let me never see you more !*' All the while he 
was speaking these words the poor citizens re- 
mained on their knees. 

Then the valorous and discreet Captain Louys 


d'Ars took off his cap, and said with one knee 
on the ground : *' My Lord, for the honour of God 
and his Passion, do nie the favour of foregoing, 
at my request, your displeasure towards them : 
for I have promised them as much, and they 
would never more put any trust in me, if you denied 
me. I hope, my Lord, that you will find them 
good and true subjects all your lifetime.'' The poor 
people, without waiting for his answer, all began 
with one voice to cry ; " My Lord, it shall be as 
the Captain says, if it please your Lordship.'* 
The good Count, hearing their clamour, was 
moved to pity, and almost weeping, made them 
rise, and said two thmgs to them, the one friendly, 
the other severe, to shew that they had grievously 
offended. " In the first place, Go," said he, 
" for the sake of Captain Louys d'Ars, who hath 
rendered me so many services that I would not 
refuse him a much greater matter. I pardon 
you, and never repeat the offence. But, as for 
your present, you don't deserve that I should 
condescend to take it." Then looking around 
him, he cast his eyes upon the good Knight, to 
whom he said : " Picquet, take all this plate, I 
give it you for your kitchen ;" to which.he instantly 
replied, " My Lord, I humbly thank you for the 


favour you do me: but God forbid that goods 
which come from such wicked people should 
enter my house! They would bring me ill 
luck." So he took all the plate, piece by piece, 
and made a present of some part of it to every 
one there present, without retaining* the value of 
a penny for himself; which astonished all the 
company: for at that time he knew not how to 
come by ten crowns. 

When he had disposed of the whole he left the 
room, as did the inhabitants. Thereupon the 
Lord of Ligny thus bespoke them that remained: 
" What say you, my Lords ? Have you seen the 
spirit of Picquet, and his liberality? Hath not 
God done him great wrong in not making 
him the Monarch of some puissant Realm? He 
would then have won the whole world by his 
courtesy. Believe me, he will come to be one of 
the perfectest characters upon earth." In brief 
all the company greatly applauded the good 
Knight. When the Lord of Ligny had thought 
a little space, and recollected that nothing re- 
mained to Bayard of the present he had made him,: 
he sent him, as soon as he got up next day, a 
beautiful dress of crimson velvet Uned with em- 
broidered satin, a very excellent steed, and three^ 


hundred crowns in a purse ; which lasted him not 
long; for his comrades all shared it. In a few 
days the Lord of ligny returned to Milan^ 
whither the Cardinal d'Amboise^ Lieutenant- 
General for the King, was arrived. And thence 
he proceeded to France. 



H&w the King of France sent a great army to Naples, 
where he made the Lord of Anhigny his Lieutenant- 

The reader hath already been told how, after 
the death of the Lord of Montpensier, the Nea- 
politans revolted, and all the French returned 
into their own country: which caused King Charles 
the Eighth great vexation, and would have been 
avenged by him had he Uved: but death 
anticipated him. As soon as ever King Lewis 
the Twelfth came to the crown, he wished to be- 
stow his whole attention upon the conquest of his 
Dutchy^of Milan, on which account the affairs of 
the said Kingdom remained a long time in sus- 
pense; and Ferdinand, son of Alphonso, being 
dead, his uncle Frederic now reigned there. I 
must observe one thing namely, that, when the 
late King Charles conquered the Kingdom, he 
married his cousin, the Lord of Ligny, to a great 
Lady of the country, called the Princess of Alta- 
mura, but she lived not long. For, when that 

* * 


King returned into France^ he took the Lord of 
Ligny with him; uponwhich^ it was rumoured, 
the Lady died of grief. 

By her death, and also by gift of King Charles, 
divers lands had remained to the Lord of Ligny 
in the said Kingdom, especially in Puglia, as Ye- 
nosa, Canosa, Monervino, BisegUa, and many 
others. Therefore, when King Lewis grew desi- 
rous of sending to reconquer that State of his, 
the Lord of Ligny surely thought to have gone 
thither: but his journey was broken off twice, 
and the mortification he felt on this account, some 
said, brought him to his end. So the Lord of 
Aubigny, a very noble and valiant Captain, was 
sent to be lieutenant-General there, attended 
with a numerous force both of horse and foot : 
among which was the Lord of Ligny's company, 
under the conduct of his good Lieutenant, Cap- 
tain Louys d'Ars. Now the good Knight had 
no thought of remaining behind, therefore he 
asked leave to depart of his kind Lord, who 
granted it with much regret, having conceived a 
great affection for him; and they never saw 
each other again. 

Thus marched this valiant Captain, the Lord 
of Aubigny, straight to Naples, where he made 


such happy exertions, and Don Frederic found 
so little aid and friendship from his men^ that he 
was forced to abandon the Kingdom. He entered 
into some agreement with the Lord of Aubighy, 
who sent him with his wife and children to France ; 
where he was well received by the King, and had 
the Dutchy of Anjou with other lands deUvered 
to him, (agreeably to the composition ;) these same 
he enjoyed till his death. After that took place his 
wife was not very well treated, which appears to 
me to have been amiss; and, for the widow of a 
King, she was reduced to great necessity. The 
Realm of Naples being won by. this Lord of 
Aubigny, he settled his garrisons there by com- 
panies. That of the Count of Ligny was placed 
in his own domains, the government of some of 
which Captain Louys d'Ars conferred on the 
good Knight, who discharged that duty very well. 
There was peace for some time between the King 
of Arragon, who pretended a right to those domi- 
nions, and the King of France who had left him 
some portion of them: and that peace was pro- 
claimed at Lyons the same year, between France, 
Spain, and the King of the Romans, by means of 
the Duke of Austria, who had the eldest daughter 
of Spain to wife, and Returning with her passed 


through Lyons, and went to see his sister then 
Dutchess of Savoy, It was but a hollow peace ; 
for at that very time the King of Arragon sent a 
great force, by secret understanding with Pope 
Alexander, to Gonsalvo Hernandez in the said 
Kingdom, who retook the city of Naples, and 
great part of it revolted. The Lord of Aubigny 
did what he could ; but at last was obliged to 
retire into Puglia. 

It is not my purpose to speak further of what 
took place in Naples during two or three years, 
nor of the battles of Cirignuola, of Troia, of the 
Garigliano, and many others, in some of which 
the French were successful, and in others the 
reverse; for these things are treated of at large 
elsewhere. Though I must observe that, in the 
last, either for want of discipUne, or of good fight- 
ing, the French were completely driven out, in 
the year 1504, and never returned afterward. 
Whether such were the will of God is not for me 
to say ; but without hesitation I can affirm that 
neither he who drove them out then, nor he who at 
present possesses the Realm, hath any right there, 
except that of force, — the point which all princes 
strive at last to come to. I intend to speak solely 
of the fortunes of the good Knight without fear 

110 ikEMOIRS OF 

and without reproach, during the hot war which 
the French and Spaniards carried on against oni 
another. And first I will tell you of an adventure 
which he was engaged in. 



Horu) the good Knight without fear and without reproach 
went out of his garrison at Monervino, How he met 
with Spaniards in thefieldy and what came of it. 

As the good Knight was in a garrison^ where 
the valiant Captain Louys d'Ars had placed him^ 
called Monervino^ with some of his comrades, 
tired of being pent up for such a length of time 
without seeing the country, he said to them one 
evening : " Gentlemen, methinks we stay idling 
here too long, instead of going to seek our ene- 
mies ; from this two great evils may arise ; one is, 
that, for want of exercising arms frequently, we 
shall all grow effeminate : the other, that our foes 
will take new courage, thinking that we dare not 
quit our strong hold for fear of them. Wherefore 
I am resolved to go to-morrow and make an ex- 
cursion between this place and Andri, or Barletta; 
perhaps too we may meet with scouts from their 
army, which I shall greatly rejoice in; for we 
may have a skirmish together, and let them win 
the honour to whom God shall vouchsafe it." 


To these words not one but answered agreeably 
to his wishes ; so they who intended to be of the 
excursion looked to their horses, and put them- 
selves in order to perform what they had under- 
taken. They rose very early, and went afield, 
about thirty young Gentlemen, all on horseback, 
and rode, very resolute, toward the enemies* gar- 
risons, hoping to have some notable rencounter. 
That same day there had left the town of Andri, 
impelled by a similar motive, a Spanish Gentleman 
closely related to the great Captain Gonsalvo 
Hernandez, named Don Alonso de Sotomayor, a. 
very noble Knight, aind skilled in armis, having in 
his company forty or fifty Spaniards, all chosen 
warriors, and mounted on horses from their own 
country. Such was the luck of the two Captains, 
that, on descending from a Uttle hill, they spied 
each other, at about the distance of a cannon shot: 
both were highly delighted, (which the most so I 
am unable to say,) especially when they perceived 
that their force was equal. Then the good Knight, 
when he had clearly made out the red crosses, 
began thus to address his people : " My friends, 
we are, on the point of battle. I pray let every 
one take special care of his honour, and, if you see 
me not do my duty this day, look on me ever after 


as a coward and a braggart." All ahiswered, " Let 
us go, Captain, let us fall on our enemies first ; we 
will not allow them the honour of commencing/' 
Then they lowered their visors, and crying ^'France / 
France r^ put their horses to a great gallop in 
order to charge their adversaries : who, with a 
fierce and sturdy countenance, riding at full speed, 
and crying " Spain ! St. logo .'" received them 
gallantly at their spear points. In this first shock 
of the encounter both sides were borne down to 
the earth, and raised by their companions with 
great difficulty. The engagement lasted half an 
hour ere it could be discovered which party had 
the advantage ; and, as each desired that the issue 
should be to his own glory, they set upon one 
another, as if they had been quite fresh, with a 
most perilous assault. But, as every one knows, 
in such affairs one side or the other must of neces- 
sity come off* victorious: so it befel the good 
Knight, through his own strong endeavour, and 
the courage that he inspired into his people, that, 
in this last outset, he broke through the Spaniards. 
There remained dead on the field to the number 
of seven, and as many were taken prisoners ; the rest 
took to flight, and among them the Captain Don 

VOL. I. I 


Alonso : but he was closely pursued by the good 
Knight, who often called out to him: "Turn, 
cavalier! great disgrace wilt thou incur if thou 
diest flying ; better choose honourable death, than 
shameful flight." Then, like an enraged lion, he 
turned round upon the good Knight, and fiercely 
attacked him; and they gave each other fifty 
blows with the sword, never pausing for a single 
moment. Meantime the other Spaniards con- 
tinued to fly, abandoning their Captain, who, 
though left alone, fought on gaUantly ; and, had 
all his men done like him, I cannot tell which side 
would have got the better. In short, after the 
two Captains had combated a long while, Don 
Alonso's horse grew tired, and would not go for- 
ward any more; which being perceived by the 
good Knight, he said : " Yield, man of arms, car 
thou diest !" " To whom," replied he, " miist I^ 
surrender ?" *^ To Captain Bayard," said the good 
Knight. Thereat Don Alonso, who had already 
heard speak of his valiant deeds, finding that he 
could not escape, as he was inclosed on all sides, 
yielded himself up, and gave the good Knight his 
sword, which was received with gseat joy. Then 
the band set out on their return to the garrison. 


rejoicing in the good fortune which God had given 
them that day. For they lost not a single man ; 
though five or six were wounded, and two horses 
killed; but they had prisoners to repay them. 
Arrived at the garrison, Bayard, who was an 
adopted son of Dame Courtesy, having learnt, on 
the way, to what family Don Alonso belonged, 
assigned to him one of the handsomest apartments 
in the Castle, and gave him a habit of his olurn, 
saying these words : " Senor Don Alonso, I am 
informed by the other prisoners within here that 
you belong to a 'good and great House, and, what 
is better, that you are, in your own person, highly 
renowned for prowess ; wherefore I am resolved 
not to treat you as a captive ; give me but your 
word that you will not quit this Castle without my 
leave, and you shall have no other prison. It is 
spacious ; you may take your pleasure here among 
the rest of us, till you have settled about your 
ransom, and discharged it, in regard to which you 
will find me very lenient." " Captain," replied 
Don Alonso, " I thank you for your courtesy, 
assuring you on my honour that I will never de- 
part hence without your permission." But he did 
not keep his promise over well, which brought 



him ill luck in the end^ as will be shewn hereafter. 
Howbeit one day, as they were talking together, 
Don Alonso agreed upon a thousand crowns for 
his ransom. 



H(yw Don Alonso de Sotomayor attempted to steal away by 
means of an Albanian who fuYnished him, with a horse, 
but was retaken vpon the road, and kept in stricter con- 

A FORTNIGHT OF three weeks Don Alonso re- 
mained with Captain Bayard, called the good 
Knight, and his companions, passing his time 
pleasantly, going and coming at the Castle, liii- 
reproved by any ; seeing that he was on his word 
of honour, which no one imagined he would ever 
break. It fell out otherwise, though he had 
nothing to complain of, as he afterwards owned, 
but alleged in his defence, that, as none of his 
people came to him, he was going to seek his 
ransom of a thousand crowns himself, and send 
it to the good Knight. The matter happened 
thus: Don Alonso grew weary of his abode at the 
Castle, and, talking one day with an Albanian, who 
belonged to the garrison, he said ; " Come hither, 
Theode, you may as well do me a good turn as 
hot ; if yoii will, I pledge my word you shall Want 


for nothing during my life. I am tired of being 
here, and still. more of hearing no news of my 
people. If you will provide a horse for me, seeing 
that I am under no guard here, I will make my 
escape to-morrow morning. It is but fifteen or 
twenty miles hence to the garrison qf my men ; I 
can go that distance iii four hours, and you shall 
accompany me. I will settle a handsome salary 
upon you, and give you fifty ducats." The Alba- 
nian, who Was of a covetous temper, promised to 
comply, but said to him beforehand : " Sir, I have 
heard that you are upon your word of honour in 
this Castle ; our Captain would quarrel with you 
for it." " I will not break faith,'! said Don Alonso ; 
" he hath agreed to take a thousand crowns foi 
my ransom; I will send him them; I am not 
bound to anything else." " Well then," said the 
Albanian, " to-morrow, at break of day, I will not 
fail to be on horseback, at the Castle gate ; when 
it opens make a pretext of going out to pursue 
your diversions, and you will find your man." This 
was concerted between them, and executed next 
day. They did as they had proposed, and Don 
Alonso got on horseback, and rode away as fast 
as he could ; the porter taking no heed to him ; 
for, having been told that he was on his word of. 


honour, he used to let him come and go as he 
would. Not long after, the good Knight, ever 
vigilant, went into the lower court of the Castle, 
and inquired where his prisoner was, as he wont 
* to play with him every morning; but po one 
could give him any mformation on this head. He 
was dismayed, and went to ask the porter if he 
had seen him : who replied that he had, about 
day-break, hard by the gate. The watchman 
sounded to discover him ; but he was not to be 
found, nor the Albanian either. Greatly con« 
cerned was the good Knight at this. 

He commanded one of his soldiers called Le 
BiMque, saying : " Mount instantly,- you and nine 
others, and ride fall speed straight towards Andri, 
to see if you can find our prisoner, in which case 
let him be brought back aUve or dead: and if 
you can lay hold on that wicked Albanian "bring 
him back also ; he shall be hung up on the battle- 
ments of this place, as a warning to any who may 
incline to play the same base trick in future.". 

Le Basque made no tarrying ; but forthwith 
mounted a horse, and, galloping away without 
once looking to see who followed him, (though a 
good number did so,) shaped his course towards 
Andri ; and about two miles from that place found 


Don Alonso adjusting his horse's girths which 
were broken. Seeing himself pursued he thought 
to remount, but could not. So he was caught, 
made prisoner, and put on his horse again. The 
Albanian wa^ not so mad as to let himself be 
taken, well knowing that his life would be in 
danger. Therefore he got away into Andri, and 
Don Alonso was brought back to Monervino, 
where, when the good Knight saw him, he said: 
" Ha! How comes this, Senor Don Alonso? 
After having promised me on your word of honour 
not to quit this place without my leave, have you 
done after this fashion?*' Don Alonso replied, 
*' I thought not to do you any wrong ; you have 
set my rahsom at a thousand crowns; within two 
days I would have sent you that sum, and what 
impelled me to go away was the trouble I was in 
at hearing no tidings of my own people." 

His excuses would not pass current with the 
good Knight, who, still quite incensed, had him 
led to a tower, and there kept for a fortnight^ 
without however putting him into irons, or doing 
him any injury; on the contrary, with regard to 
his eating and drinking, he was so well treated, 
that he had every reason to be satisfied. At the 
end of fifteen days a trumpeter came to desire a 


safeconduct for one of his people^ who wanted 
to bring the money of his ransom. It was granted^ 
and the money brought two days after : by which 
means Don Alonso regained his liberty. He took 
leave of Bayard and of all the company civilly 
enough, and then returned to Andri. But, before 
his departure, he saw the good Knight give away 
the whole of his ransom money to his soldiers, 
without retaining a single penny for himself. 

122 ■ MExMOIRSOF* 


Him) Don Alonso de Sotomayor unjustly complained of the 
treatment h€had received at the hands of the good Knight ^ 
which occasioned a duel between them. 

When Don Alonso arrived at Andri he met 
with a cordial reception from all his relations and 
friends : for, in very deed, there was no man in 
the whole Spanish army more highly considered 
than he, nor any that had a greater love for arms. 
They all consoled him in the best manner they 
could, contending that it should not disturb him to 
have been a prisoner ; that it was the condition 
of war to lose one time and win another ; and that 
it sufficed that God had restored him safe and 
sound to his friends. After much discourse he 
was questioned concerning the good Knight's 
manner of Ufe, what kind of man he was, and 
how he had been treated l3y him during his im- 
prisonment. To which Don Alonso replied : " I 
promise you on my honour, sirs, that, in regard to 
the person of the Lord Bayard, I believe there is 


not a bolder Gentleman in the world, or a more 
active ; for, when he goes not to war, he is con- 
stantly doing something in the town where he 
k stationed with his soldiers, always employed in 
wrestling, leaping, throwing the bar, or other 
becoming sports, which Gentlemen are wont to . 
exercise themselves with. In liberality he hath no 
equal, and that I have witnessed in divers in- 
i^tances; specially, when he received the thou- 
sand crowns of my ransom, he distributed them 
among his soldiers in my presence, and kept not 
a ducat to himself. In short, sooth to say, if he 
live long he will attain to very great eminence. 
But, as for his treatment of myself, concerning 
which you question me, I cannot exceedingly com- 
mend that ; whether it were by his orders or no 
I am unable to say, but his people have not treated 
me like a Gentleman, but, on the contrary, more 
rudely' than they should, and it will stick with me 
as long as I live." 

Some were amazed at these words, considering 
the good Knight's reputation for courtesy. Others 
said none ever found a prison exceeding delight* 
some. Others again blamed him. And this con- 
versation proceeded so far, that a prisoner of the 
garrison of Monervino, on his return thither,, 


brought an ample account to the good Knight 
how Don Alonso complained outrageously of the 
ill treatment he said he had received from him, 
and threw out big words, of no honourable nature; 
whereat he was quite astounded, and, immediately 
caUing all his people to him, he said to them: 
" Gentlemen, Don Alonso complains among the 
Spaniards that I have treated him infamously* 
You all know how the case was. It is my opinion 
that no prisoner could have been better treated 
than he was, before he sought to escape : neither 
since, albeit he were more closely confined, was 
aught done to him whereof he can reasonably 
complain. And, on my honour, if I thought he 
had suffered any wrong, I would make him amends. 
Wherefore tell me, I pray, if you have descried 
any thing which hath not come to my knowledge." 
Whereto they all replied : " Captain, had he 
been the greatest Prince in Spain, you could not 
have treated him better, and it is a sin and a shame 
for him to make any complaints on the subject." 
•* Faith," said the good Knight, ** though I have 
the quartan ague, I will write and tell him, that, if 
he asserts I have treated him ill, I will prove the 
contrary in combat between our two selves, on 
foot or on horseback, whichever he pleases," He 


sent instantly for a clerk, and dictated a letter to 
this effect : " Seiior Alohso, I am informed that, 
on your departure from my prison, you have com- 
plained of me, and published it among your country 
folk that I have not treated you Uke a Gentle- 
man, You well know the contrary. But seeing 
that, if it were true, it would be a great discredit 
to me, I have thought fit to write this letter, 
whereby I entreat you that you will readjust your 
expressions in presence of those who heard them 
at the first, confessing^ as is most fit, the good and 
honourable treatment you have received at my 
hands; by so doing, you will consult your ovn 
honour, and redress mine, which you have unjustly 
trampled upon. If you refuse to do this, I declare 
that I am resolved to make you retract your words, 
in mortal combat of your person with mine, on 
foot or on horseback as it likes you best. And 
so farewell. From Monervino, this tenth day of 
July." A, trumpeter belonging to the valiant Lord 
of la Palisse, named La Lune, conveyied this let- 
ter to Don Alonso within the town 6f Andri; 
when he had read it, without asking advice of any 
one, he made reply by the same trumpeter, and 
wrote a letter couched in the following terms: 
" Lord of Bayard, I have seen your letter which 


the bearer brought me^ and, among other things 
therein contained^ this^ that I had let fall words, 
in presence of my countrymen, importing that you 
did not treat me like a Gentleman, while I was 
your prisoner, and that if I will not make recan- 
tation you are determined to fight with me. I 
declare to you that I never unsay any thing I have 
said, and that you are not the man to make me do 
so. Therefore, in regard of the combat you offer 
me atwixt us two, I accept it, between the present 
time and twelve or fifteen days hence, two miles 
from this town of Andri, or wlwrever else it shall 
se^m good to yourself." La Lune brought this 
answer to the good Knight, who would not have 
exchanged it for ten thousand crowns, sick as he 
was. He sent back word immediately that he ac- 
cepted the combat, and had no objection to the 
day named. The thing thus agreed upon and 
adjusted, the good Knight directly made it known 
to the Lord of la Palisse, who was a man of great 
experience in these matters. And for his guidon, 
after God, he took his old comrade Bellabre. 
Now drew nigh the day of the combat, which 
took place in the following manner. 



How the good Knight without fear and without reproach 
fought Don Alonso de Sotomayor, and vanquished him. 

When the day appointed for the duel arrived 
the Lord of la Palisse, accompanied by two hun- 
dred gendarms, (for so it had been settled between 
the two combatanti^^) conducted his champion to 
the field, mounted on a very good and handsome 
courser, and clothed all in white, as a token of 
humility. Don Alonso was not yet come ; so La 
Lune went to hasten him, of whom he asked what 
estate the lord Bayard was in. He replied that 
he was on horseback, accoutred as a gendarm. 
" How say you ?" said he, " it is my privilege to 
choose th^ weapons, and his the field. Trumpet, 
go tell him that I will fight on foot." Now what- 
ever show of bravery Senor Alonso might put 
on, he would have been right glad not to have 
proceeded so far ; for he never imagined, seeing 
the good Knight's malady, that he would venture 
to combat on foot. But when he saw that things 


must come to an issue, he chose that method of 
fighting for two reasons ; one, that in the whole 
world was not to be found a more adroit Gentle- 
man on horseback than the good Knight; the 
other, that the disorder he had upon him must 
have materially weakened him, whereby he was in 
great hopes of coming off conqueror, ha Lune 
came to the good Knight, and said; '^ Captain, 
here are news for you; your adviersary says that 
he will fight oh foot, and that he hath a right to 
choose the weapons :" which was certainly true ; 
neyertheless it had been settled before that the 
combat was to be on horseback, in armour of a 
cavalry soldier : and this looked as if Don Alonso 
wished to avoid the lists. 

When the good Knight heard what the trum- 
peter had to say, he remained awhile in thought : for 
he had had his ague that very same day. Never- 
theless, with the courage of a Uon, he replied : 
^^ ha huncy my friend, go hasten him, and say 
this shall not stand in the way of his redressing 
my honour, with God's aid, to-day ; and if the 
combat please him not on foot, I am ready to 
fight just in whatever way he chooses." So 
the good Knight immediately had the field pre- 
pared, which was done merely by putting great 


stones side by side« He placed himself at one 
end of it, attended by many good, bold,^ and 
valiant Captains, as the Lords of la Palisse^ of 
Orose^ of Humbercourt, of Fontrailles^ the Baron 
of Beam, and divers others, who all besought our 
hoTd to help their champion. 

When La Lune returned to Don Alonso^ and 
he found there was no alternative, but that, if he 
tendered his honour, the combat must take place, 
he came on very well attended, as by the Marquis 
of Licite, by Don Diego QuiHone3,'Lieutenant to 
the great Captain Gonsalvo, Don Pedro de Valdes, 
Don Francisco de Aliemese, with many more, 
who accompanied him to. the field. Arrived 
there he sent weapons to the good Knight for him 
to take his choice of, namely, a long rapier, and a 
poniard. Both being armed with neck-piece and 
jsteel cap, he did not waste much time in choosing; 
but was put.within the field at one end by his 
companion Bellabre : him he had taken for his 
second, and the Lord of la PaUsse for the keeper 
of the field on his side. Don Alonso came in at 
the other end, where he was stationed by hb 
second, Don Diego de Quinones ; and the keeper 
of the field for him was Don Francisco de Alie- 
mese. When both had entered, the good Knight 

-.VOL. u K 


threw himself on his knees, and breathed a prayer 
to God : then he stretched himself out at his full 
length, and kissed the earth. That done, he rose, 
made the sign of the cross, and walked straight 
toward his enemy, as securely as though he were 
m a palace, dancing amid Ladies. Don Alonso 
also appeared in no wise daunted, but, coming 
steadily up to his antagonist, addressed him in these 
words: " Senor de Bayardo, que me quieresf"^ 
Whereto he replied in his own language: " Je 
veulx deffendre mon honneurJ^f And without 
further speech they approach, and rush on each 
other both at once, with a marvellous thrust of 
the rapier, that of the good Knight grazing upon 
Don Alonso's face. Brisk and vigorous were 
they both, to a certainty, and not a single thrust 
went for nothing. Never met on the field two 
champions that had more the semblance of brave 
men. They made many passes without hitting 
each other; The good Knight, who instantly 
perceived his adversary's intent, and covered his 
&ce the moment he had thrust, so that he could 
do him no injury, bethought him of a stratagem : 

* " Lord of Bayard, what want you with me?" 
t " I wish to defend my honour." 


when Don Alonso raised his arm to make a pass, 
the good Knight also raised his, but merely held 
the rapier aloft in'the air, without doing any thing 
more; and then with perfect confidence, when 
that of his adversary was put by, and himself un- 
covered, gave him such a furious blow in the throat, 
that, notwithstanding the* goodness of his neck- 
piece, the rapier penetrated four inches therein, 
so that he could not draw it out again. Don 
Alonso, feeling himself wounded to death, dropped 
his rapier, seized upon the body of the good 
Knight, who likewise took hold of him in guise 
of one wrestling, and they puUed each other 
about till Koth fell upon the ground together. 
The good Knight, alert and swift, takes his poniard 
and puts it into the nostrils of his enemy, saying : 
" Yield, Don Alonso, or you die !" But he could 
make no answer, having just expired. Then said 
his second, Don Diego de Quinones : " Sehor 
Bayardo, ja es muerto, vencido aveis!^^ Which 
iiU quickly perceived to be true; for he never 
stirred hand or foot again. Right sorry was the 
good Knight, who would have given an hundred 

* " Lord of Bayard, he is dead already, you have con- 


thousand crowns, had he possessed them, to have 
conquered him alive. Howbeit, sensible of God's 
grace vouchsafed to him, he knelt down, and re- 
turned Him humble thanks; then kissed the earth 
three times, and after that dragged his enemy off 
the field, saying to his second : " SeEor Don 
Diego, have I done enough?" Who replied 
mournfully: " Troppo, Sehor BayardOi por Von&r 
cPEspana''* " You know," said the good 
Knight, " that I have a right to do what I please 
with the body ; however, I restore it to you; and, 
of a truth, I wduld it had fallen out otherwise, 
could that have been without detriment to my 

Briefly, the Spaniards carried off their cham- 
pion amid piteous lamentations, and the French 
led away theirs, with sound of trumpets and cla- 
rions, to the garrison of the worthy Lord of la Pa- 
lisse, where, before he did any thing else, the 
good Knight returned thanks to Grod in the 
church. Afterwards, they made the greatest 
rejoicings possible. The Frrach Gentlemen 
could none of them be satisfied with applauding 
the good Knight: insomuch that, throughout 

» « 

Too much, Lord Bayard, for tlie honour of Spain." 


the Kingdom, not only among the French, hut 
also among the Spaniards, he was esteemed one 
of the most accompUshed Gentlemen that was any 
where to he found. 



Of a cmrthat 'which took place in the Kingdom of Naples, 
between thirteen Spaniards and as many Frenchmen, 
wherein the good Knight distinguished himself by deeds 
of surpassing valour. 

It hath just been related how the good Knight 
overcame Don Alonso de Sotomayor, which sorely 
grieved the hearts of the Spaniards^ and they 
were constantly seeking a way to revenge them- 
selves. A few days after Don Alonso's death a 
truce of two months was agreed upon between them 
and the French, for what reason I know not: how- 
beit during this truce the Spaniards went to take 
their diversion near the enemies' garrisons, and 
sometimes, without the forts, fell in with French- 
men come thither likewise for the sake of sport ; 
on which occasions they often had words together: 
for the Spaniards were ever given to quarrelling. 
One day a band of thirteen Spanish Gentlemen^ 
gendarms, all well mounted, went to amuse them- 
selves near the garrison of the good Knight, 
whither the Lord of Orose, of the House of Urfe, 


a very worthy Captain^ was come to visit him. 
They two having sallied forth to take the air half 
a league from the town met and saluted the said 
Spaniards^ who did tHe like to them. They 
entered into conversation on many subjects, and, 
among other speeches, a bold courageous Spaniard, 
named Diego de Bisaigne, who had belonged to 
the compi^ny of the late Don Alonso de Sotoma- 
yor^ and had not yet forgotten his death, made 
the following : " Gentlemen of France, I know 
not whether this truce, begun a week since, dis- 
please you or no ; but it annoys us terribly. If, 
while it continues, a band of you, ten, twenty, 
more or less, were willing to fight upon our mas- 
ters' quarrel, I would undertake to find the same 
number to engage you on our side, and those who 
are beaten shall remain prisoners of the adverse 
party." Hereon the Lord of Orose and the good 
Knight looked at each other, and the latter said : 
** My Lord of Orose, what think you of these 
words?" "Nothing," said he, "but that the 
Gentleman speaks very discreetly. I know well 
what reply I would make, but I entreat you to 
answer according to your own opinion." " Since 
you wish it," said the ^ood Knight, " I will tell him 
what I think of the matter. Sir, my companion 


and t ftpt^tehend your meaning perfectly welL It 
^ppearis that you are vastly desirous of a combat^ 
equal numbers engaged against each other. You 
ate here thirteeii horse. If you will repair, eight 
days hence, two miles from this place, mounted 
and armed, my companion and I will bring thir* 
teen to meet you, and he who hath a brave 
heart, let him show it." Then all the Spaniards 
replied in their own tongue, " We are wiDing." 
They went their way, and the Lord of Orose with 
the good Knight returned to Monervino. They 
assembled their companions, and, on the appointed 
day, sought the place agreed on with the Spaniards^ 
who repaired thither likewise. There were many 
others of both nations, who came to look on. 
They limited their ground, with a stipulation that 
whosoever passed beyond the boundary was to 
remain a prisoner, and not fight any more that 
day* Likewise he that should be unhorsed was 
to combat no longer. And, in case one party were 
not able to conquer the other by night-fall, though 
but one of their adversaries remained on horse- 
back, the combat was to be at an end, and that 
one should be allowed to carry oiF all his com^ 
panions free and clear, who were to leave the field 
in equal honour with their antagonists* To come 



to the point, the French ranged themselves on one 
side, and the Spaniards on the other. All couched 
their lances, an4 spurred their steeds. But the 
Spaniards endeavoured rather to kill horses than 
men, which they did to the number of eleven, and 
only the Lord of Orose and the good Knight 
remained on horsebsttk. But this cunning availed 
not the Spaniards ; for by that time their horses 
would not move another step, spur them as they 
might. The Lord of Orose and the good Knight 
made frequent and sharp assaults upon them, and, 
when the whole troop would have charged them, 
they retired behind the dead horses of their com- 
panions, which served them for a rampart. To 
conclude, the Spaniards were well beaten ; >nd, 
although they were thirteen horse against two, 
could not win the field, so that night arrived 
before they had gained any thing. Wherefore 
each party was at Uberty to go forth, accc^ding 
as they had agreed together : and the honour of 
the day remained to the French ; two of them 
having battled during four hours against thirteen 
without being overcome. The good Knight, above 
all, conducted himself with surpassing gallantry, 
msomuch that his glory and renown received great 



How the good Knight took a treasurer and his man, who 
were carrying fifteen thousand ducats to the great 
CJapiain Gonsalvo Hernandez, and what he did with them. 

About a month after this combat^ when the 
perio4 of the truce was expired, the good 
Knight received intimation from his spies, that 
a treasurer at Naples, who supplied money, was 
about to carry some to Gonsalvo of Cordova, and 
that he could scarce avoid passing within three 
or four miles of his garrison. He nerer lay down 
to sleep, after he had heard it, without appointing 
strict watch to be kept, until his people came and 
told him that the aforesaid treasurer was arrived 
in a place held by the Spaniards, which was only 
fifteen miles from Monervino, and that in the 
morning he purposed retiring to the great Captain, 
accompanied by some genetaires* for his security. 
The good Knight, who had a great desire to get 
this money into his hands, not for himself, but to 
distribute among his soldiers, rose two hours 

* Cavalry armed in a particular manner. 


before day-break, and placed himself in ambush 
between two little hills, accompanied by no more 
than twenty horse. In another direction he sent 
his companion Tardieu, with five-and-twenty 
Albanians, in order that, if he escaped by one side, 
he might not be able to do so by the other. The 
matter happened on this wise. At about seven 
in the morping the good Knight's scouts heard a 
noise of horses, and informed him of the circum- 
stance. He was so well concealed between two 
rocks that it was easy to pass by without per- 
ceiving him, as did the Spaniards, with the trea- 
surer and his man in the midst 'of them, carrying 
the money in a great pouch behind their horses. 
When they had got just beyond the spot, the 
good Knight and his people set upon them, with- 
out further delay, crying "J^rowce/ France! kill/ 
kill/" When the Spaniards found themselves thus 
attacked and taken in disorder, supposing the 
niunber of people to be much greater thap it really 
was, they began to fly in the direction of Barletta. 
They were pursued a Uttle way, but not far, the 
object of the enterprise being the poor treasurer, 
who was taken with his man, and conducted to 
Monervino; where their bags were produced, and 
goodly ducats found therein. Bayard would have 


counted then^ but the treasurer said to him in his 
own Spanish tongue : *^Non contaeis, Senor, sono 
quinze mil ducados"^ : a booty with which he 
was highly delighted. In the meanwhile Tardieu 
arrives, and, when he sees this fine sight of money, 
is very ill pleased that he hath not taken the 
prize. However says he to the good Knight r 
" Comrade, I go shares with you, for I have been 
of the undertaking" " True," rejoined the good 
Knight with a smile ; " but you have not been of 
the taking:" then, in order to make him lower' 
his tone, he added, " and even supposing you had, 
you are under my command ; I will give you what 
I please." Thereat the said Tardieu grew very 
angry, and, swearing by the name of God, vowed 
he would have justice done him. So he went and 
complained to the King of France his Lieutenant 
General, who sent for the good Knight, and was 
waited on by him forthwith. Bayard being arrived, 
each told his own story : after which the Lieu- 
tenant General took the opinions of all the Cap- 
tains, and in the end declared that, from all he 
could gather, Tardieu had no right to any of the 
booty. He was greatly mortified at this, but, being 

* Don't count, Sir, there are fifteen thousand ducsits. 


a ligbt-hearted and a very facetious man, he ^ried; 
" By the blood of St. George, I am vastly un» 
lucky." Then he addressed the good Knight, 
saying : " By God, it is all one, for you will have 
to maintain me as long as we tarry in this land." 
The other began to laugh, and this did not hinder 
their returning together to Monervino, where, 
when they were arrived, the goo4 Knight caused 
the ducats to be brought out and displayed on 
the ta.ble before Tardieu, in order to humble him, 
saying : *' Companion, what do you think, are not 
these pretty things ?" " Yes," replied he,- " but 
I have no part in them. Had I but the half of 
that sum I should never want for any thing, and 
be a rich man all my life." " How, comrade," 
said the good Knight, " would you come short of 
nothing but the certainty of your own life in this 
world ? Truly, what you have proved unable to 
wrest from me by force I give you with right good 
will, and you shall have a full half of the money." 
So he had seven thousand five hundred ducats 
immediately counted, and delivered them to him. 
Tardieu, who thought at first this was but a jest, 
when he saw himself in possession of the money, 
fell upon both knees, with tears of joy in his eyes, 
and said: "Alas! my master and my friend. 


what return can I ever make for the benefit you 
confer on me ?" " Hold your peace, compa-' 
nion/' said the good Knight : if I had it in my 
power I would do much better for you." In fact 
Tardieu by means of this money was a wealthy 
man all his days ; for on his return from Naples 
to France he was enabled, through it, to marry 
an heiress, daughter of a Lord of St. Martin, who 
had three thousand pounds a year. I must now 
relate what became of the other seven thousand 
five hundred ducats. The fearless and irreproach- 
able Knight, with heart as pure as a pearl, called 
all his garrison together, and shared them out to 
each according to his quality, wit.hout keeping a 
single penny for himself. Then he said to the 
treasurer, " My friend^ I know well enough that, 
if I chose, I might have a good ransom for you : 
but I am content with what I have got. When 
you and your man wish to depart I will have you 
guided safely into whichsoever of your country- 
men's towns you prefer ; and nothing more shall 
be taken from you, neither shall you be searched." 
For he still had about him, in rings and money, 
to the value of five hundred ducats or more. 
The poor treasurer therefore heard this with great 
satisfaction, and was, by a trumpeter of the good 


Knight's, to whom he gave three crowns, con- 
ducted with his man as far as Barletta; very for- 
tunate, considering the accident he had met with, 
in having fallen into such good hands. 



Haw the good KniglU defended a bridge on the "river Ga-' 
rigliano by himself y for some time^ against two hundred 
Spaniards, I 

The reader may have seen in other histories, 
how, toward the end of the war carried on be- 
tween the French and Spaniards in the Kingdom 
of Naples, the army of the former kept their 
station a long time beside the river Garigliano, 
and that of the latter on the opposite bank. It 
must be understood, that, if there were good and 
valiant Captains among the French, such were 
likewise to be found on the side of the Spaniards; 
amid others, the great Captain Gonsalvo of Cor- 
doba, a wise and vigilant man, with another named 
Pedro de Paes, who was not three feet high, but 
as brave a creature as yoii* could any where find. 
He was so little and so hunch-backed that when 
he rode you could see nothing but his head above 
the saddle. One day the said Pedro de Paes 
took it into his head that he would give an alarm 


to the French, and, with an hundred or an hun- 
dred and twenty horse, he set about crossing the 
Garigliano in a certain place, where he was ac- 
quainted with the ford, and had placed behind 
each horse a footsoldier furnished with an arque- 
buse. He gave this alarm in order that the army 
might run thither, abandoning the bridge, while 
the Spanish force was arriving; and this he carried 
into effect. He executed his enterprise very well, 
and raided a sudden and violent alarm in the 
camp of the French, whither they all retired, 
thinking the Spaniards were about to make no 
further effort ; but they were deceived. 

The good Knight, always anxious to be near 
the scene of action, had stationed himself hard by 
the bridge, with a bold Gentleman, one Pierre de 
Tardes, sumamed Le Basque^ Equerry to King 
Lewis XII. These two began to arm when they 
heard the noise, (whether or no they were soon 
equipped and mounted need is not to inquire,) in- 
tent on flying to the spot where the fray was taking 
place. But when the good Knight looks on the 
other side of the river, he spies about two hundred 
Spanish horse, coming straight toward the bridge 
to get possession of it ; which they would h^-ve 
done without finding much resistance, and thereby 

VOL. I. L 


caused the total destruction of the French army. 
So he said to his companion : " Master Equerry, 
my friend, go quickly and seek some of our men 
to guard this bridge, or we are all ruined ; I will 
endeavour to hold the enemy in play till you 
come back : but make haste." He obeyed ; and 
the good Knight, grasping his spear, goes to the 
end of the bridge, which the Spaniards on the 
other side were already preparing to pass; but 
be. put his lance in the rest, and, like a furious 
lion, charged the troop, who were now in the very 
act of crossing. So that three or four were stag- 
gered ; whereof two fell into the water, and never 
rose more, the stream being large and deep. That 
done, much work was cut out for him, he being 
so fiercely assaulted, that without exceeding good 
horsemanship he could not have resisted. But, 
like a chafed tiger, he threw himself against tha 
rail of the bridge, that the enemy might not get 
behind him, and defended himself so well with 
the sword, that the Spaniards were confounded, 
and' thought he must be a fiend, not a man. In 
short, he held out so well and so long, that he 
gave not up till the Equerry Le Basque brought 
him a considerable reinforcement, namely one hun- 
dred gendarms ; who, on their arrival, forced the 


Spaniards to abandon the bridge entirely, and 
pursued them a mile beyond. They would have 
done more, when they perceived a great troop, 
consisting of seven or eight hundred horse, com- 
ing to succour their foes; whereon the good 
Knight said to his companions : '* Gentlemen, we 
have done enough to-day in having saved our 
bridge ; let us retire, keeping as close together as 
we can.*' 

His advice was held good ; so they began to 
retreat in a leisurely manner. Bayard was ever 
the last, and sustained all the charge, or most 
part of it, whereby in the long run he found 
himself hard pressed, on account of his horse^ 
which was sp weary that it could hardly support 
itself, he having fought upon it the whole day. 
Then the enemies made another great onset, 
falling all together, like a torrent, upon the French, 
in such sort that some of them were overthrown. 
The good Knight's horse was driven back upon 
a ditch, and there he was surrounded by twenty 
or thirty, who called out: " Rende, rende^ 
Senor,'* He still fought on, and knew not what 
to say but : " Sirs, I must surrender, for I cannot 
withstand your whole might alone." 

* " Surrender, surrender, Sir." 



His companions were now a good way off, and 
continued to retire straight toward their bridge, 
believing the good Knight to be still in the midst 
of them. When they were at some distance, one 
among them, named the Chevalier Guiffray, a 
Gentleman of Dauphiny> and a neighbour of 
Bayard's, began saying: "Ah! Gentlemen, we 
have lost every thing ! the good Captain Bayard 
is either dead or taken, for he is not with us. Shall 
we never learn aught more concerning him? This 
very day how well hath he conducted us, and how 
much honour hath he caused us to acquire ! I vow 
to God, that though I go alone, I will return, and 
gain tidings of him, at the risk of being killed or 
taken." I cannot tell which of the troop was 
most afflicted, when they found what Guiffray 
said to be true. Every one got down to re-adjust 
his horse's girth, then remounted, and, with in- 
vincible courage, set off at a great gallop after 
the Spaniards, who were carrying away the flower 
and perfection of all gentility, purely through 
the fault of his horse; had the animal been able 
to endure as much as himself, he would never 
have been taken. It must be understood, that,- 
whilst the Spaniards were retiring, carrying off 
with them the good Knight, they scorned, by 



reason of their numbers, to strip him of his arms, or 
take away the sword suspended from his side; 
though they dispossessed him of a battle-axe 
which he held in his hand. As they proceeded 
they asked him continually who he was ; but, well 
knowing that, if he told his real name, he should 
never escape alive out of their hands, (because 
ihe Spaniards dreacled him more than any other 
individual of the French nation,) he substituted 
another, telling them, however, that he was d 
Gentleman. Meantime, the French, his compa- 
nions, arrive, shouting, "France! France! turn, 
Spaniards, turn ! you shall not thus carry off the 
flower of Knighthood ;" at which cry, the Spaniards, 
though numerous, were quite astounded. Never- 
theless, they received this heavy shock of the 
French with a good face, but, for all that, several 
even of the best mounted among them were thrown 
upon the ground. Which being seen of the good 
Knight, who was still completely armed, and 

* ^ 

wanted nothing but a horse, his own being 
quite spent, he set foot upon the ground, and, 
without putting it into the stirrup, mounted a 
gallant courser, from which the Equerry Le 
Basque had tumbled down Salvador de Borgia, 
Lieutenant of the company of the Marquis de la 


Padule, a gaUant Gentleman. Seated thereon^ 
lie began to perform most surprising feats, crying: 
•'France! France! Bayard! Bayard! whom you 
have let go.** The Spaniards, when they heard 
that name, and became sensible of their inadver- 
tence in leaving him his arms, after they had taken 
him, without exacting from him any promise, 
(for, had he once pledged his word, he would 
never have gone from it,) lost all heart, and said 
among themselves : *^ Let us away to our camp ; we 
shall perform no worthy achievement this day ;'* and 
they put their horses into a gallop. The French, 
seeing night approach, overjoyed at having reco- 
vered their very standard of honour, returned in 
high glee to their camp, where, for a full week, 
they never ceased talking of their fine adventure, 
ki particular of the prowess of the good Knight. 

This same ye^u*, King Lewis XII. sent a good 
number of men into the county of Roussillon, 
vnder the conduct of the Lord of Dunois, to 
reduce it to his authority. But they returned 
without performing any thing great or honourable. 
In this expedition died, on the side of the French, 
a noble Knight named the Lord de la Rochepot. 

After that, with whom the blame lay I know 
not, the French tarried but a short; space in th^ 


Kingdom of Naples^ returning to their own coun- 
try, most of them in poor estate. As they passed 
by Rome» Pope Julius shewed them a multitude of 
civilities ; for which, however, he made them pay 
dearly afterward. The valiant Captain Louys 
d'Ars, who still held some places in Puglia, and 
in his company the good Knight without fear and 
without reproach, remained about a year after the 
return of the French army in the said Kingdom, 
spite of the whole power of the Spaniards. During 
this time, they performed many bold sallies and 
smart skirmishes, whereof they generally carried 
away the honour. And they would have held 
these places still longer, had not King Lewis, their 
master, commanded that they should leave them 
and repair to him ; which they did with regret in 
the year 1504. They met with a very honourable 
reception from every one, as they 'well deserved; 
especially ftt)m their good master the King of 
France, who, being discreet and wise, took the 
fortunes of war as it pleased God, his chief r^ftige, 
to send them. 

I will quit these subjects for a little while, and 
relate what happened in France and the neigh- 
bouring countries during the space of two years. 



Of divers events which took place in the course of two years, 

in France, Spam, and Italy. 

After all these occurrences^ some cessation from 
war ensued between the French and Spaniards, 
not very opportunely for the former, since their 
enemies had what they wanted, and they not. 

In the year 1505 died Joan of France, Duchess 
of Berry, once the wife of Lewis XII., who, that 
same year, fell into so grievous a sickness at his 
town of Blois that his Ufe was despaired of, and 
himself abandoned by his physicians, and by all 


human aid. But I believe that, at the entreaty of 
his people> and by reason pf their prayers, (he being 
greatly beloved, because he had never tyrannised 
over them and oppressed them with taxes,) our 
Lord prolonged his days. 

In the same year, at Plessis les Tours, died 
Frederic of Arragon, formerly King of Naples, 
the last descendant of Peter of Arragon, who, 
without right or reason, usurped that realm : and 


they who have since held it, ^nd hold it yet, do 
so by no other title. 

In the year 1506 one of the most triumphant 
and glorious Ladies which the earth hath seen for 
these thousand, years departed this life. I speak 
of Queen Isabella of Castile, who helped to con- 
quer Granada from the Moors by force of arms. 
She took the children of the King who then occu- 
pied the throne prisoners, and caused them to be 
baptized. Her life was such that' she richly de- 
serves a crown of laurel after death, as I can 
assure the readers of the present history. 

That same year died her son-in-law, who by 
her death became her heir, Philip of Spain, in 
his wife's right Archduke of Austria and Count 
of Flanders. 

Pope Julius, by the aid of the King of France, 
through his Lieutenant General at the Dutchy of 
Milan, Charles d'Amboise, Lord of Chaumont, a 
brave and diligent man, conquered Bologna from 
Messer Giovanni di Bentivoglio ; and, by way of 
recompense and payment, he granted a precious 
set of indulgences m France. I know not who 
gave this counsel, but the French were never 
after exceeding secure in Italy; for, besides 
that the Pope loved not the French in his heart. 


be fortified himself on this side the Alps against 
the King's territories in Lombardy. I allude to 
what followed in the sequel : many at the time 
found tbeir account in it; for some Captains who 
governed this Lord of Chaumont got presents of 
money by it^ and some ecclesiastics benefices. In 
shorty it is a base humour that gratifies avarice at 
the expense of honour, and one that hath ever 
prevailed more in France than any where else. 
Though it be the most excellent country in Eu- 
rope, yet all good lands bear not good fruit, how- 
ever that come to pass. I agree with him who 
writ the Romaunt of the Rose, Jean de Meun, 
that good gifts exalt the donors^ but degrade the 

The King of Arragon, a widower by the death 
of Queen Isabella, took to wife, that same year, 
Germaine de Foix, the King of France his niece, 
who was conducted in great triumpb to Spain. 
There came to fetch her the Coimt of Cifuentes, 
and a Dominican Bishop. A precious requital 
hath she made the French for tbe honours they 
paid her, from the time she set foot in Spain ; 
all who have been since acquainted with her 
declare they never met with one less friendly to 
our nation. 



H<yw the Genoese revolted^ and how the King of France 
passed the mountains, and reduced them to obedience, 

\ DO not mean to deny that every true Christian 
should be subject and obedient to the church, 
but at the same time I must be allowed to say 
that all her mimsters are not good men : where- 
of I might allege ample proof in the conduct of 
Pope Julius, who, as a recompense for the good 
offices done him by King Lewis in putting him, 
by what title I know not, in possession of Bologna, 
invited the Genoese, in order to drive the French 
out of Italy, with subtle and sinister devices, to 
revolt, and conspire against the nobles, all of whom 
they forced to abandon the town. They chose 
for their leader, out of their own body, a mechanic, 
by trade a dyer, named Pagolo di Nove. 

A Genoese Gentleman, named Gian Luigi .dal 
Fiesco, who was strongly attached to the French, 
the Governor of the Uttle Castle^ and many others, 
sent information of their proceedings to the King 


of France ; and as this wise prince^ who had much 
experience in such affairs, perceived that^ if not 
speedily put a stop to, they might breed great 
disorders, he resolved to pass the mountains, with 
a vast and mighty force. This he put into effect 
with all diligence; which the affair demanded. 
The good Knight was then at Lyons, sick of his 
quartan ague, which held him for seven years or 
more. He had met with a sad accident in one 
arm from a blow of a pike which he had formerly 
received, and which had been so ill looked after, 
that it produced an ulcer, not yet completely 

On his return from the Kingdom of Naples the 
King his master had detained him as one of his 
eque;rries, till there should be some company of 
gendarms vacant to provide him with. He thought 
in his own mind, that, although he were not cured, 
it would be accounted great baseness in him to do 
other than follow his Prince; and, regarding no 
inconvenience, he resolved to march with him. 
In two or three days he arranged all his matters, 
and set about crossing the mountains like the rest. 
The army travelled with such speed that they soon 
reached the city of Genoa, the inhabitants whereof 
were much dismayed; for they had hoped in a 


few days to receive great succours from the Pope, 
' and from Romagna, particularly seven or eight 
thousand of them called Bresignels, who are the 
best footsoldiers in Italy, and very bold in war. 
Nevertheless they did their utmost, and, at the 
top of the mountain, by which the French had to 
pass, they constructed a wonderful strong little 
fortress,' furnished with good soldiers, and with 
artillery, which struck consternation into the whole 
army: whereon the King assembled all the Cap- 
tains that they might consult together what was 
to be done. There were many different opinions. 
Some said the army might thereby incur great 
danger, that there might be a consiiicrable force 
at the top of the hill which they did not then se^ 
but which might repulse them, if they went thither 
without sufficient strength, and cause them dis- 
grace. Others said they were but a rabble, and 
would offer little resistance. The King looked 
at the good Knight, addressing hun with, 
*' Bayard, what think you of the matter?" " On 
my honour, Sire," replied he, " I know not what to 
say yet ; I must go see what they are doing up 
there. And for my part, if it please you to give 
me .leave, before an hour be over, unless I 
be killed or taken, you shall receive information 


thereof.*' " I pray you do so," said the King; 
" for you understand tliese matters." The good 
Knight delayed not long, but, with divers of his 
friends and companions, as the Vicomte de 
Rhodez, the Captain Maugeron, the Lord of 
Beaudis^ner, the Bastard de Luppe, and many 
more, to the number of an hundred or an hundred 
and twenty, among whom were two noble Lords 
of the House of Foix, the Lords of Barbasan 
and of TEsparre, sons of Viscount Lautrec, caused 
an alarm to be sounded. His comrades being all 
assembled, he was the* very first to begin climbing 
the mountain. When they saw him on before 
many followed, and they toiled hard ere they 
attained the summit, where they took breath a 
little, then marched to the fortress, encountering 
great resistance by the road, and a sharp conflict 
ensued : however at last the Genoese turned their 
backs, and the French would have pursued them, 
but the good Knight called out : " No, Sirs, let 
us go straight to the little fort. It is possible 
there may still be men within it, who might 
inclose us. We must find this out.** Every one 
approved of this advice, and all proceeded thither. 
The case was as he had told them, there being 
still two or three hundred men within, who at the 


first set about defending themselves very sturdily t 
but at length they abapdoned the fort^ flying like 
lightning to the bottom of the mountain, in order 
to gain their town. 

Thus the fort was taken, and after that the 
Genoese achieved no worthy action, but yield- 
ed themselves up to the King^s mercy, who 
entered the city, and made the inhabitants defray 
the charges of his army. Moreover he had a 
strong Castle, named Codifa, constructed near the 
city at their expense. Their General was be- 
headed, with another called Giustiniano : so that 
they were sufRciendy punished for one season. 

A little while after, the Kings of France and 
Arragon, the latter on his return from Naples to 
Spain, met in the town of Savona : Germaine de 
Foix, Ferdinand's wife, was there, and conducted 
herself with strange audacity. She made small 
account of any of the French^ even of her own 
brother, the noble Duke of Nemours, who will be 
mentioned hereafter in this history. The King 
of France entertained the great Captain Gonsalvo 
Hernandez very honourably; and the King of 
Arragon treated with high consideration Captain 
Louys d'Ars, and the good Knight without fear 
and without reproach, sapng these words to King 


Lewis : " My royal brother, happy is the Prince 
who maintains two such Knights.'* The Mo- 
narchs, after passing some days together^ sepa- 
rated, one going into Spain, the other returning 
to his Dutchy of Milan. 



How the Emperor Maximilian made war on the VenetianSj 
to whose aid the King of France sent Marshal Jean 
Jacques de Trivulce accompanied by a great force. 

After the taking of Genoa, and the interview 
between the two Kings at Savona, Lewis repaired 
to his town of Milan, where the Lord Jean Jacques 
de Trivulce gave him one of the grandest feasts 
thatever was beheld in the houseofaprivate Noble-- 
man : for from all one can learn there were present 
at it more than five hundred guests, not including 
Ladies, of whom there were an hundred or an 
hundred and twenty, and it was impossible to be 
better entertained than they were with dishes of 
the first and of the second course, with farces, 
plays, and other pastimes. 

Then the King returned to France, where, the 
year following, he was informed by the Venetians, 
his allies, that the Emperor Maximilian purposed 
coming to make war upon them in their own 
country. On this account, they sent an Ambassador 
of theirs, named Antonio Gondelmare, to implore 

VOL. I. M 


his aid; which he willingly granted, and com- 
manded the Lord Jean Jacques de Trivulce to 
go thither with six himdred horse, and six thou- 
sand foot. He obeyed, and s^t out to join the 
Venetian forces, at a place called La. Pietra, 
whither the Emperor*s army was already arrived, 
and would have gone further, had it not been for 
the coming of ^Trivulce, which stopped his pro- 
gress : and after that the Emperor's army did no 
great things. The Venetians, who are subtle 
and cautious, thought it better to enter, into a 
compositk>n, than to go oa with the war. There-^ 
fore they <^ast about to effect this, and at last 
succeeded. I believe they produced some money, 
for that was the one thing in this world which 
the Emperor stood most in need of. Accordingly 
he made his army retire ; the Lord Jean Jacques, 
who had not been in any way admitted to a share 
in this composition, remainmg very Ul satis- 
fied. He told the Proveditore of the Republic 
that he should inform the King his master of it, 
who, in his opinion, would deem it a very strange 
thing, and be little pleased thereat. This matter 
continued a while in suspense ; mean time Lewis 
the Twelfth of France, with his good consort the 
Queen, went to make his entry into Rouen, and 


a Tery glorious one it was. If the Gentlemen of 
the town did their duty that day, the very chil- 
dren did no less. There were jousts and touma;- 
ments held for the space of eight days. However 
a league was proposed between the Pope, the Em* 
peror, . and the Kings of France and Spain ; to 
conclude which, it was settled by them or their 
Ambassadors, that they should meet at the town 
df Cambray, on a certain day appointed by them; 
thither was seiit, on the part of King Lewis, the 
Cardinal d'Ambofse, Legate of France, his 
nephew, Grand Master of that realm. Lord of 
Chaumont, and head of the House of Amboise, 
with many more ; and, on the part of the other 
Princes, Ambassadors with full powers. What- 
ever conclusion they came to, nothing is more 
certain than that their view was to ruin the Seig- 
niory of Venice, which then flourished in great 
pomp, glory, and opulence, but with little know- 
ledge of God, lightly regarding the other 
Princes of Christendom: whereat perchance our 
Lord was ofifended, as it appeared. For before 
these Plenipotentiaries removed from Cambray 
they made an alliance for their masters, agreeing 
to be friends of each other's friends, and enemies 
of each other's enemies. And then it was settled, 



that after Easter, m the following year 1509, the 
King of France in person should pass over into, 
Italy, and enter the Venetian territories forty days 
before any of the rest took the field. I know not 
with what view they assigned this term, unless, it 
were to feel their way beforehand : and, perad- 
venture, if the King of France had had the worst 
of it they would have fallen upon him instead of 
upon the Venetians. To say the truth, it is my 
behef they wanted to make the French try their 
fortune first, and to play the children's game, 
" If it is good lidke it, if it is bad I leave it^ 
However this good King Lewis sped so well that 
hei executed his enterprise to his own great 
honour, and the advantage of his allies, as shall; 
be set forth presently. 



Hffw King Lewis the Twelfth of France made his army 
march into Italy against the Venetians^ and of the 
victory which he gained ffoer them. 

At the end of the year 1508^ about the month 
of March, the King sent his cavahy into the 
Dutchy of Milan, together with his French adven- 
turers, who were fourteen or fifteen thousand in 
number. The command and conduct of them he 
intrusted to good and valiant Captains, to wit, the 
Lords of Molart, of Richemont, of la Crote, the 
Count of Roussillon, the Lord of Vendenesse, the 
Captain Odet, the Cadet of Duras, and many 
others, of whom each in his own district'endea-r 
voured to procure the most worthy associates. 
The good Knight without fear and without re- 
proach was sent for at this time by the King, 
who said to him : *^ Bayard, you know that I am 
going to cross the Alps, for the sake of chastising 
the Venetians, who unjustly withhold from me 
the county of Cremona, Ghiaradadda, and other 
lands. In this enterprise, though for the present 


I give you the company of Captain Chatelart, 
(who, I grieve to hear, is dead,) I wish you to 
have the charge of infantry: your Lieutenant^ 
Captain Pierrepont, who is a very vorthy person, 
shall lead your gendarms/' " Sire," replied the 
good Knight, ** I will do as you please. But 
what numher of foot will you give me to conduct?" 
^' A thousand," said the King ; ** no man hath 
more." « Sire," replied the good Knight^ *' they 
are too many for my abilities; I beseech yoii 
suffer me to have but five )iui)dred. I swear to 
you on my bcHiour, Sire, I uriU take c^e tp choose 
such as shall do you service. Methinks even this 
is a heavy cbarge for one that would do his duty." 
•* Very well," said the I^ing. " Go quickly to 
Paupbiny, and be in niy Putchy of MH^ by tbe 
end of March." Of all the Captains th^re was 
none who did not well fiirnisb his band ; and they 
80 contrived that^ by tbe 6nd of March, or *he 
beginning of April, they Were all transported into 
Italy» and lodged by garrisons in tiie Dutchy of 

The Venetians, against whom i^sx had, by this 
time, been denounced by ^e Herald Montjoye» 
prepared to defend themselves^ and, being aC-^ 
quainted with the forces of the King oi FraUQe^ 


which were not very num^ous, (for he had in all 
but thirty tibousand men^ whereof twenty thoi^sand 
might be infantry/ including six tibousand Swiss^ 
together with two thousand gendarms^) mustered 
a gallant army^ consisting of above two thousand 
horse, and fujl thirty thousand foot. Theif 
Commander in chief was the Count of Pitigliano, 
and the Captain Gen^^l of their foot Bartolomeo 
d'Alviano> who, among his other men, had a fine 
band of those Bresignels, clad in his livery of red 
a^d white, all of good &mily, and bred up to arms. 
I will not nudLe a long recital of tlin^ movements 
to and fro; but, to speak briefly, the King of 
France havii^ crossed the Alps, and arrived in 
his town of Milan, learnt that the Venetians had 
retaken Trev), a little town on the river Adda, 
which had been won from them a few days 
before by the Grand Master, Lord of Chaumont, 
and Captains Molart, la Crete, Richemont, and 
the good Knight, they having repaired thither the 
first with their men. To this town of Trevi the 
Venetians had set fire, on account of its having 
tinned to the French, and had led away prisoners 
all the horse commanded by Captain Fontrailles. 
A like fate attended Captain de la Porte, the Lord 
of Eatan^on, lupid two other Captains of in&ntry, 


the Chevalier Blanc^ and Captaui Ymbauh* These 
tidings being received by the King he marched 
straight to Casciano, where he had two bridges of 
boats constructed immediately on the river Adda; 
by one the horse passed over, and by the other 
the foot ; himself, armed at all points, keeping 
order the while. His whole force having crossed, on 
the morrow a little town called Rivolta was taken 
and sacked; and two days after both armies met 
in a village of the name of Agnadello, on quitting 
another called Pandino : and, although the Cap^ 
tains Pitigliano and D'Alviano had express orders 
from the Republic not to give the King battle, 
but only to gain time by defending towns and 
Castles, so as to harass the enemy and wear them 
out by long delay, D'Alviano, more bold than 
prudent, would risk an engagement; thinking 
within himself, like a presumptuous person, that^ 
whether he lost or won, he could never obtain a 
greater honour than that of having fought a King 
of France. Desirous therefore to try his fortune, 
he proceeded straight to battle, wherein the assault 
was sharp and the tumult deadly. For, to say 
the truth, the forces of the Republic approved 
themselves very well at first. During this battle, 
the Lord Bartolomeo d'Alviano, going to recon- 


noitre the rear of the French army, in the midst 
whereof came the good Knight, marching with 
extreme eagerness, lyid wading up to bis middle 
through ditches of water, was by them attacked 
on one side, in such sort that he and his troop 
were greatly dismayed. After that they made 
not much further effort, but were broken and 
entirely defeated. The red and whites were left 
upon the field, and D'Alviano himself, after re- 
ceiving wounds in many places, was taken prisoner 
by the Lord of V endenesse, brother of the noble 
Lord of La Palisse, and in very truth a little lion. 
The Count or Pitigliano, seeing his infantry 
defeated, would tempt his fate no longer, and 
soon retired with his troops. He was pursued, 
but not far, as the footsoldiers detained the 
French, who, aft;er having done their part, retired, 
each to his flag, with little damage. Fourteen or 
fifteen thousand of their enemies remained upon 
the field. The Lord Bartolomeo was led prisoner 
to the lodging of the King, who, aftier dinner, caused 
a false alarm to be raised, in order to discover 
whether his men would be on the alert if an affair 
were really to happen. This Lord D'Alviano was 
asked what it could be: he replied in his own 
language : ** I can only say that you have a mind to 


fight one another; for as tp our inep^ I can ^^mx^ 
you^ 01^ my life^ they will not visit yoi) this fprt- 
i^ight." An() jestingly, as one that well ^i^ew 
his nt^tion, l^e i^poke these words : " Tbe s^id 
battle took place qx\ the {purtc^endi day of Affiyy 
in the year 150^." 



How King Lewis the Twelfth of France gained all the 
towns and strongholds of the Venetians, even to Pes- 

Th£ King of France tamed a day or two pi| 
t}ie fidd of battle, Meantupae the Castle of Cara^ 
vaggio stood a$tomi : but at the end of two houra 
it was ^avried^ and* §o.Qie country fellows being 
taken tl^er^&i> the c^nquerojirs tried whether their 
necks were Sttroi^ enovgh t<^ carry away a battle- 
ment. Thisi intimidated the otb€^ strongholds^ ia 
such sort that there wa^ 9ot a town or fortified 
plaoe which would figh<^ Except the Castle of 
Peschiera, and t^t« by holding out^ incurred the, 
worc^ coiiseq^ence^^ few of them within escaping- 
death or imprisonment. Among tibiese was a Pro-^ 
yeditore of the Seigiuory with hi^ son, who would 
have paid a noble ransom; but that availed them 
notlwg^ both being hung upon a tree^ which was> 
in my opinion, a great piece of cruelty. A very 
bsave €ientletnan» called £& Ijorruiui to whom their 


word of honour had been pledged, pleaded warmly 
on their behalf with the Grand Master, the King's 
Lieutenant General; but was unable to obtain 
his suit. The King lodged in this same Castle 
of Peschiera, after having got into his possession 
all the towns and fortresses he claimed, as Cre- 
mona, Crema, Brescia, Bergamo, and an hundred 
other little places, every one of which he took in 
five or six days, except the Castle of Cremona; that 
held out for some time, but surrendered at last. This 
Prince did more even : for, by means of the1>attle 
he had gained, Ravenna, Forli^ Imola, Faenza, 
and many other places which the Venetians held 
in Romagna, were ceded to Pope Julius ; and to 
the King of Spain Brindici and Otranto, in his 
own Kingdom of Naples. The keys of Verona, 
Vicenza and Padua were presentefl to himself; 
these he put into the hands of the Emperor, who 
disputed his right thereto ; but kept some of them 
not over well, whereby ill consequences Ensued to 
him, as you shall see hereafter. 

While these events were taking place, the 
Venetian army retreated, much dismayed, toward 
Trevisano, and Friuli, imagining that they should 
certainly be pursued; which they Were not; a 
great misfortune for the Emperor, who, day after 


day, was expected by the King of France in this 
little town of Peschiera ; he having promised to 
enter a vessel^ accompanied as he should judge fit^ 
upon, a lake which surrounds part of the said town> 
that they might confer together more fully oa 
their affairs. Accordingly the Legate d'Amboise 
had been sent to him at Rovigo, but could no- 
wise induce him to come. Wherefore, when he 
returned, bringing with him the Bishop of Goritz, 
the Emperor's Ambassador, sent for the purpose 
of excusing his master to the King of France in 
the best way he could, the said King journeyed 
back to Milan in the beginning of July. Mean- 
time the town of Padua, into which the Emperor 
had sent only eight hundred Lansquenets to guard 
it, though it is six miles in circumference, was re- 
taken by the Venetiaa forces. Messer. Andrea 
Gritti, with another Captain named Lucio Mal- 
vezzo, gained entrance therein by a stratagem which 
I am going to relate. The Venetians had always 
kept up some understanding in the town. And 
it is proper to make one observation, that never 
were there in this world masters more beloved by 
their subjects than they have ever been, entirely 
on account of the equal justice they administer 
amongst them. 

i 74 BlEttOlRfi or 

Kow 3rDQ must ui^^rstand that/ in the'l>eghiinng 
of Jtdy, which is the time of the second hay 
harrest in It&ly^ one Tuesday morning, the said 
Captains, Andrea Gritti, and Lucio Makezzo, 
«ttne and placed themselves in ambush about a 
bow-shot firoin the town of Padua, (the environs 
^f which are so fiill of trees that you CQuld see to 
no great distance there^) with four hundred gen* 
darms, and two thousand foot. Now into this 
^otne town much hay was gathered daily, and 
the carts are made so large in those quarters 
ihat in passing through a gate they make their 
way in a manner by force. On the day of the 
ambuscade, as soon as it was light, these carts 
began to enter the town: four having passed, 
after the fifth came six Venetian gendamis, and, 
behind each, seated on the - same horse a foot- 
soldier furnished with a loaded arquebuse. With 
them they took a trumpet, to sound as soon as 
they had gained the ^te, by way (^ sumn^nitig 
the ambushed body of their force to join them. 
The few Lansquenets within were keeping careful 
watch, and had left but two gates open, each of 
which had constantly at least thirty men to guard 

There was a Gentleman in the town, called 


Messet Genddo Magurln, who had been ajiprized 
by the Seigniory of this undertaking, and charged 
to arm himself with all of the Venetian party, as 
soon as he perceived that the afiair wias begun. 
No soonier had the fifth cart entered, than the six 
gendariAs who followed it began to cry, " Marco/ 
Marco f* the footsoldiers leapt down, and dis- 
charged their guns, with such unerring aim that 
each killed his man. The poor Lansquenets, 
finding themselves surprised, were much affright- 
ed ; but they put then^elves into a posture of 
defence, and sounded the alarm. That availed 
them little however, for as soon as ever the trum- 
peter's blast was heard, the great body approach- 
ed, making a tremendous^ noise, and shoutii^g 
"Marco/ Marco/ Italia/ Italia/" Inanothcir 
quarter the aforesaid Gentleman, Geraldo 3fa^ii- 
rin, had done his endeavour in the town, whereby 
more than two thousand men issued from the 
houses armed with triple-forked spears and jave- 
lins: so that the Lansquenets knew not what 
to do, but to stand close, and rush all together 
into the market-place, where they offered battle. 
It was not long ere they were assailed in two or 
three places ; but never did men defend them- 


selves better ; for they held out two hours before 
they were routed. 

At length theu: enemies grew so numerous^ that 
they could resist no longer ; they were broken, 
scattered, and cut to pieces, not one of them ob- 
taining mercy. It was a great pity! — ^but they sold 
their lives dear: for of them could not die more 
than their own number ; but they slew past fif- 
teen hundred, as well of the townsmen as of regular 
soldiers. However the city of Padua was taken, 
and the Count of Pitigliano, who. arrived there 
soon after, made aU haste to repair and fortify it, 
considering that it would do the Seigniory great 
service. When these news came to the ears of 
the Emperor, he was well nigh distraught, and' 
swore to go thither in person and avenge himself: 
which he did. He wrote a letter to the K|ng of 
France,* who was still at Milan, requesting that he 
would lend him five hundred horse for three 
months, to enable him. to chastise the Venetians. 
This was granted, and you shall hear what followed 



Uow the King t>f France sent the Lord of La Palisse to the 
Emperor* s assistance , with five hundred gendarmsy and 
many Captains^ ivhereof the good Knight without feat 
and without reproach was one. 

When the King of France heard that Padua 
had revolted^ he was much troubled^ and the more 
so because it happened through thefault of the £m- 
peror, who had sent no more than eight hundred 
Lansquenets to guard such a town. ^ However at 
his request he ordered the Lord of la Palisse to 
take five hundred of the bravest gezidarms that 
Xvere in Italy, and repair to the service of the 
Emperor, then about to enter the Paduan« That 
Lord, who liked nothing better than such coin- 
missions, war being his whole delight, set about 
making preparations. As he was quitting the 
Castle of Milan he found the good Knight, to 
whom he said : " My friend and comrade, shall 
we two join company?" Then he recounted 
the affair to him at full length. Bayard, delighted 

VOL. I. N 


to be a partaker in the enterprise^ especially in 
the company of la »Palisse, replied courteously ; 
" that he might dispose of him at his pleasure." 

At this expedition were also present the Baron 
of Beam, who commanded part of the Duke of 
Nemours his company, the Baron of Conty, who 
led three hundred horse, the Lord Theode de Tri- 
vulce, the Lord Jules de St. Severin, the Lord 
of Humbercourt, Captain la Clayette, the Lord 
of la Crote, Lieutenant to the Marquis of Mont- 
ferrat, and the good Knight. With the five 
hundred gendarms more than two hundred Gentle- 
men joined company : among others the Lord of 
Bucy's eldest son, cousin german to the Gb*and 
Master Chaumont, who gave him twenty of his 
horse; and two gallant Gentlemen, the one a 
native of Bretagne and a very famous Knight, 
named the Lord of Bonnet, the other the Lord 
of Mypont, of the Dutchy of Burgundy ; both of 
whom the good Knight looked upon as brothers, 
and honoured exceedingly, on account of the 
great prowess which he knew to be in them. The 
gentle Lord of la Palisse, having arranged all his 
afiairs, began to march with hi3 companions in 
the direction of Peschiera. Meanwhile Lewis 
the Twelfth returned to his Kingdom, leaving hi& 


Dutchy, and those places which he had conquered 
from his enemies^ in a state of tranquillity. I 

must observe that, as soon as the Venetians had 
retaken Padua, they made an excursion to Vicenza 
which surrendered immediately; for it is not a 
town to hold out against force. They woidd have 
done the same with regard to Verona ; but the 
good Lord of la Palisse, who had been apprized 
thereof, dislodged with his companions, two hours 
before daybreak, from a place called Villa Franca, 
and presented himself before the town ; whereby 
the Venetians were alarmed^ and retired toward 
Vicenza. But, had they gained Verona, the liord 
of la Palisse his troops must have been obliged 
to return: for the town is strong, and a very 
impetuous river runs through it, so that by the 
mere efforts of cavalry it would not have been an 
easy matter to take it. 

Great benefit reaped the Lord of la Palisse 
of his diUgence, and of that of the good Knight, 
who always led the vancouriers. He had then 
but thirty gendarms under him, but of that 
number twenty-five deserved to be Captains over 
an hundred. This whole troop entered Verona, 
where the Bishop of Trent, who was there for 
the Emperor, received them with great joy ; 



fpi^ he ted been in a terrible consternation* They 
ionly remained two days within the town, heartily 
welcomed by the inhabitants, and then proceeded 
to Vicenza : whence they whom the Seigniory had 
placed there, being informed thereof,, decamped, 
some to Padua, others to Treviso. In Vicenza 
the llord of la Palisse and his companions tarried 
five or six days, awaiting sc»ne tidkigs from the 
Emperor, who was now said to have taken the 
field. When they found that he did not approach, 
they left Vicenza, and repaired to a latge village 
called Castelfiranco, where they abode a fortnight. 
This was ten miles from Padua» Meanwhile 
*he Lord of le Reux arrived at the French camp 
with some Burgundian gendarms, and about 
six thousand Lansquenets, conducted by a noble 
Lord of Germany, valiant and marvellously enteiv- 
prising, as he hath evinced Ihoughout bis Ufe, 
and named the Prince of Anhak. In the be- 
ginning of August the Emperor arrived at the 


foot of the^hiU below a Castle named Bassano^ and 
all his equipage after him, which, though it had no 
very high mountain to cross, was eight whole days 
before it descended into the plain. The Em*- 
peror, when he met the Lord of la Palisse, and 
the French Captains, gave them a cordial greet- 


ing. This first interview took place near a little 
town called Este, from wliich the Dukes of Fer- 
rara take their surname. At that time one of the 
finest armies was assembled there which had been 
seen for a whole century. 



How the Emperor Maximilian sat down before Padua^ and 

^ what happened during the course of the siege, 


The Emperor made the French wait a long 
time for him, which they found very irksome, 
but when he did reach the plain it was after an 
imperial manner : and, had his forces done their 
duty, they would have sufficed to the conquest of 
a world. It is fitting that I give a description of 
his train of artillery, which was as follows : he 
had six hundred pieces of ordnance on wheels, 
the least whereof was a falcon, and six large brass 
bombards, which were not capable of being drawn 
on carriages, but were conveyed along, each on 
a strong cart, and laden with engines : when to 
be employed for the purpose of battery they were 
set down upon the ground, on which occasion the 
mouth of the piece was raised a little, and a thick 
log of wood placed underneath, while behind a 
huge target-fence was erected, for fear of its re- 
coiling. These cannons were loaded with balls of 


stone, for metal ones could not have been carried, 
and were only able to play four times a-day at the 
very utmost. The Emperor was accompanied by 
at least one hundred and twenty Dukes, Counts, 
Marquisses, and other Princes and Lords of Ger- 
many, about twelve thousand horse, and five or 
six hundred gendarms, from Burgundy and Hai- 
nault. The German infantry could hardly be 
counted, but they were reckoned at more than 
fifty thousand. The Cardinal of Ferrara came to 
the Emperor's succour in lieu of his brother, and 
brought twelve pieces of artillery, fiite hundred 
horse, and three thousand foot. As many, or nearly 
so, brought the Cardinal of Mantua. In fine, 
including the French troops, the number of com* 
batants on the field was csjculated at one hundred 
thousand. A great want was experienced in 
regard to the artillery, there being means of con- 
veyance for not more than one half of it ; and, 
when the army marched, part were under the 
necessity of remdning to guard it, till the 
first division was unloaded in the camp, where 
they were to take up their quarters, and then the 
cart returned to fetch the rest ; which was exceed- 
ing troublesome. The Empero^r got up betimes, 
and made his army march forthwith, nor would 



he pitch his tent till two or three hours past noon, 
which, at that time of year, was by no means^ 
refreshing to troops with their helmets on. 

The first encampment that he made was near 
the Palace of the Queen of Cyprus, eight miles^ 
distant from Padua. There arrived a young 
French Gentleman, the Lord of Millaut, a bold 
enterprising Captain, and son of a wise and valiant 
Knight, the Lord of Alegre, with a thousand or 
twelve hundred French adventurers, all chosen 
men, and fit for skirmishing. In this camp it was 
determined to go and besiege Padua, a council 
being held, wherein there was a diversity of 
opinions ; for the Emperor's Lieutenant General, 
a Greek, named the Lord Constantine, wanted to 
do every thing of his own head, which pro- 
duced very ill consequences to his master in the end,- 
as you shall hear. He lay under some suspicion 
of treachery, and the Lord of la Palisse wished 
to fight him thereupon, but could never bring 
liim to the point. Let us now leave this riiatter, 
iill it again become necessary to speak of it. A 
resolution was formed at the said council of lay- 
ing siege to Padua, and that in the approaches 
•the French gendarms should go foremost, to- 
gether with die Prince of Anhalt, and his Lans- 


quenets, the noblest band of all the Germans: 
but that first it was absolutely necessary to take 
a little town called Moriselice, where there was a 
very strong Castle, six or seven miles from Padua : 
because the garrison which the Seigniory had 
placed therein, might have terribly harassed the 
camp, and intercepted provisions coming to it. 

Next morning the army departed, and went to 
take up their quarters half a mile from this little 
town, which held not out against them, for it was 
but of small strength. The Castle might have been 
defended for a long time, had the knaves within 
been good for any thing ; but their hearts failed 
them immediately. The approaches being made, 
when the artillery had effected but a very slight 
and inconvenient breach, the alarm was sounded 
for the commencement of the assault. It was 
necessary to go up a good bow-shot, but Captain 
Millaut's French adventurers arrived on a sudden, 
and seemed as if they had not tasted food for a 
week, so light were they. The garrison made 
some resistance, but did not stand out long ; for 
in a quarter of an hour they were overcome, and 
all cut to pieces. These adventurers gained 
a rich booty there, among other things seven or 
eight and twenty admirable horses. The town 


and Castle were given into the hands of the Duke 
of Ferrara, who laid claim to them : but he paid 
thirty thousand ducats in exchange. Two days 
after the taking of Monselice the army removed, 
making straight for Padua^ to which siege was 



H(m the Emperor Masnmilian laid siege to Padita, and of 
the gallant approaches made by the French Gentlemen^ 
together with a great instance of courage exhibited by the 
good Knight without fear and without reproach. 

After the taking of the town and Castle of 
Monselice, and the delivery of them into the hands 
of the Cardinal of Ferrara^ who attended for his 
brother^ a good garrison was placed therein by 
the said Cardinal. The Duke was making war 
on the Venetians in a different quarter. That 
same year he gave them a defeat on the Po, which 
cost them little less than the battle the King of 
France won from them. For^ in the intent of lay- 
ing waste a portion of territory adjoining the 
Ferrarese,. called Polesino di Rovigo, the Vene- 
tians embarked fourteen or fifteen gallies on the 
river Po, with three or four thousand men therein, 
and sailed from Chiozza to Francolino. But the 
Duke of Ferrara had constructed two small 
fortresses, one near the tower of LoUelin, the 


other at Popos, which are opposite to each other, 
had placed three or four thousand effective men 
within them, and launched four good gallies on 
the Po well armed and manned* He knew that 
the greater part of his enemies were disembarked, 
he sought and conquered them, not one escaping. 
Then with his gallies and other great boats he 
proceeded to fight their vessels, which were almost 
all stripped of their men« Two of them were de- 
stroyed, and six taken, with all the crews and 
artillery, which consisted . of thirty good brass 
cannons, not to mention hand guns. It was a 
glorious victory, and won at little expense, except 
the death of Count Ludovico della Mirandola, 
who was killed by a cannon-ball. The Venetians 
sustained a great and grievous loss. 

Let us now return to the camp of the Emperor. 
The army removed from Monselice, and advanced 
in one journey till they were not more than a 
mile off Padua, which is a very large city, and 
difiicult of approach. Within was the Count of 
Pitigliano, accompanied by one thousand gen- 
darms, twelve thousand foot, and full two hundred 
pieces of artillery : and however closely they were 
besieged, the inhabitants could never be deprived 
of the use of a canal, which passes through the 


town and goes to Venice, that city being only 
eighteen miles distant from Padua. When the 
army had thus approached the town, the Emperor 
assembled aU his Captains, specially the French^ 
whom lie greatly honoured, to consult when the 
siege should be planted. Each delivered his opi- 
nion; but It was finally concluded on that the prin^ 
cipal camp, which Was to contain the Emperor in 
person, together with the French, should be pitched 
near the gate leading to Vicenza. At another 
gate higher up the Cardinal of Ferrara, the Bur- 
gundians and Hdnaulters, with ten thousand 
Lansquenets, were to be stationed ; at one below 
the Cardinal of Mantua, his brother the Lord 
Giovanni of Mantua, and the Prince of Anhalf j$ 
troop of Lansquenets, in order that each of these 
two bands might be succoured by the main camp) 
if it should be necessary* This arrangement was 
approved, and the army had nothing to do but to 

The good Knight was ordered to the ap- 
proaches, and had in his company the young Lord 
of Bucy, and Captains La Clayette and La Crote* 
Now in order to reach the gate looking toward 
Vicenza it was necessary to enter a large and per* 
fectly straight road, where four great barriers had 


be^i construeted, two hundred paces from one 
another^ with combatants posted at each of them. 
On both sides of this way, as is known to those 
who have been in Italy, there were ditches, on 
which accomit they could only be attacked in 
front. On the city walls much artillery was planted, 
which the Venetians discharged as thick as hail 
upon the French, when they entered the great 
road* Notwithstanding that, the good Knight and 
his companions began to skirmish, advancing 
briskly to the first barricade, at which there ensued 
a vigorous contest, and much firing of guns ; how- 
ever, it was gained, and the enemies driven back 
to the second. If there was good fighting at the 
first barrier, at this there was still better. The 
young Lord of Bucy was shot in the arm, and 
his horse killed under him ; nevertheless it was 
not possible to make him retire, and no man fought 
more bravely than he that day. 

Captain Millaut arrived at this second barricade 
with an hundred or an hundred and twenty pea- 
sants, whom be had previously exercised, and who 
made great havock. I must observe that these 
approaches were carried on at mid-day, so that 
there was plenty of light to see who fought the 
best. The assault endured a good half hour at 


this second barrier, at the end whereof it was 
carried: and so hotly were they pursued who 
guarded it, that they had no leisure to remain at 
the third, but were forced to abandon it without a 
struggle, and betake themselves to the fourth, 
which was defended by a thousand or twelve 
hundred men, and three or four falconets ; these 
began to play along the great road, but did little 
execution, except killing two horses. This barri- 
cade was but a stone's throw from the city bul* 
wark, which inspired the men of the RepubUc with 
great resolution to fight well : and they did 
accordingly, for the conflict lasted an hour in that 
place, being carried on with pikes and arquebuses* 
When the good Knight found it continue for such 
a length of time, he said to his companions, '^ Gen- 
tlemen, these people detain us too long : let us get 
down upon our feet, and press forward to therbar- 
ricade.'* So they dismounted immediately, to the 
number of thirty or forty gendarms, and, raising 
their visors, and couching their lances, drove 
straight on to the barricade. The gentle Prince 
of Anhalt was always by the side of the good 
Knight ; with him also was the Lord of Millaut, 
attended by two others, one known by the name 
^i great John of Picardy, and Captain Maulevrier, 


who made much staughter; but the Venetians 
were ever and anon reUeved by fresh forces* The 
good Knight, perceiving that, exclaimed aloud : 
" Gentlemen, they wiU keep us here six years at 
this rate, for they have new succours sent them 
continually. Let us make a resolute attack upon 
them, and every one follow me,'* To this proposal 
all assented : whereon he cried : " Sound,, trum- 
peter!" and, like a lion robbed of its whelps^ 
advanced with his companions to make a fearful 
onset, so that he obliged the enemy to retire a 
pike's length from the barricade; then calling 
out: "On, comrades, they are ours!*' he pro- 
ceeded to leap the same, and after him thirty or 
forty more, who met with a sharp reception." 
However, when the French saw the jeopardy their 
companions had put themselves in, they all began 
to pass over to them, and, crying: " France! 
France! Empire! Empire !*\ made such an 
assault upon their enemies that they forced them 
-to abandon the place, turn their backs, forsake 
-every thing, and retire almost routed into the town* 
Thus were the barricades before Padua wOn at 
, mid-day, whereby the French, horse as well as 
foot, acquired great honour, above all the good 
, Knight, to whom thie glory tvas universally ascribed)* 


So the approaches were made, and the artillery 
was brought to the edge of the foss, where it re- 
mained for six weeks, till such time as the siege 
was raised, which happened in the manner that I 
shall relate hereafter. 

VOL. I. o 



Of the great and formidable hattery^ohich was carried on 
before Padua, and of the vast breach that was effected 

The works being made before Padua^ and the 
artillery planted, each repaired to the quarters 
assigned him, in the three camps, according to the 
order that hath been described. The number of 
people was so great that the said camp extended 
on all sides over more than four miles of territory: 
and it was a remarkable circumstance, that, during 
the siege, which lasted about two months, the 
foragers never had to go farther than six miles in 
the country to procure plenty of hay, corn, oats, 
meat, poultry, wine, and other necessaries both for 
men and horses. So great abundance was there 
that, when the siege was raised, the army burnt 
one hundred thousand ducats*^ worth of victuals, 
which they had provided in the expectation that 
it would have continued longer. This is an inci- 
dent ; — let us return to the main subject. 


On the day after the approaches, the cannoniers 
began to do their part; the storming lasted 
eight days, and was the most impetuous and ter« 
rible that had been witnessed for a century before; 
above twenty thousand shots of artillery being dis- 
charged from the three camps. If the Emperor and 
his people served the men of the town unsparingly 
with cannon-balls, you may be sure they received 
the like measure from them again ; hay, the obli- 
gation was returned two-fold. In short the town 
•was so well battered that all the three breaches 
were made into one. During this time a can- 
nonier of the Emperor's was taken, it being dis- 
covered that, instead of firing into the town, he 
turned his battery on his own people. It was said 
that the Lord Constantine instigated him to it, 
and, what was worse, that he sent the Count of 
Pitigliano daily information of all he designed to 
do. I know not whether there were luiy ti^uth in 
this or no, but, as for the cannonier, he was put 
upon a mortar, and shot piecemeal into the town. 
Many invectives were poured upon the Lord Con- 
stantine, but the fact could not be proved against 
him. The Lord of la Palisse called him a base 
villain, and declared he would fight him ; but he 
replied nothing to the purpose, and referred the 



matter directly to the Emperor, who was quite 
infatuated with him. 

Now these three breaches, being combined, 
formed one of the extent of four or five hun- 
dred paces ; which was an excellent passage to 
make the attack by ; for as to the ditches they 
were of no great consequence. But the Count of 
Pitigliano had so well ordered the town within 
that, had five hundred thousand men appeared 
before it, they could not have entered against th^ 
will of the inhabitants: I will explain to you how this 
was brought about. Behind the breach the Count 
had caused a flat-bottomed ditch or trench, twenty 
feet deep, and almost as many in width, to be dug, 
plenty of fagots and old wood weU sprinkled with 
gunpowder being laid therein ; and at every hun- 
dred paces there was a bastion of earth furnished 
with artillery, which played along thisi trench. 
After the enemy should have passed that, were 
such a thing possible, the whole Venetian army 
assembled iia the city, cavalry and infantry, were 
ready to join battle; for there was a fine espla- 
nade, on which twenty thousand men, horse and 
foot, were capable of being disposed : and behind 
were platforms whereon twenty or thirty pieces of 
ordnance had been mounted, which they might 


haye fired over their own forces, without doing 
them any hurt, straight to the breach. 

Of this terrible danger the French were adver- 
tised by certain prisoners, taken in skirmishes, and 
sent back on payment of their ransom, to whom 
the Count had revealed all these things, In order 
that they might represent them to the Lord of la 
Palisse, and to the French Captains. Moreover 
on dismissing them he spoke these words: ^^ I hope 
my friends, with God's aid, that the King of 
France and the Seignory of Venice will some day 
return to their former state of amity ; and, were it 
not for the French who are with the Emperor, 
believe me, in less than four and twenty hours, I 
would sally from this town, and oblige him dis- 
gracefully to raise the siege." I know not how 
he could have done that, seeing the numerousness 
of his adversaries. These discourses were re-- 
peated to the Captains of France ; who gave no 
heed to them, they being employed by their 
master in the service of the Emperor, and bound 
to do what he ordered them. I have already de- 
scribed the notable breach that had been made in 
the town, and which was more than sufficient to 
admit one thousand men abreast; whereof the 


Emperor was duly certified. He therefore re- 
solved on making the assault^ as you will presently 
hear. But first I shall speak of an enterprise ex- 
ecuted by the good Knight and his companions. 



How the good Knight without fear and without reproach, 
during the siege of Padua, made a hostile irruption with 
his associates f wherein he acquired great honour. 

At the time of the siege of Padua alanns often 
came to the Emperor's camp^ as well on account 
of the sallies which the townsfolk made, as of 
their people which were in garrison at Treviso, a 
good and strong town, situated twenty or five 
and twenty miles from Padua. Therein, among 
other Captains, was Messer Lucio Malvezzo, an 
enterprising warrior if there was one upon earth. 
Twice or thrice a week did he rouse the Em- 
peror's camp without aid of trumpet, and, if he 
saw that he could effect any thing, spared him- 
self not among his enemies ; on the other hand, if 
that was out of his power, he retired very dis- 
creetly, never losing a single man. 

This course was pursued by him so long that 
he came to be prodigiously talked of. From 
such a method of proceeding the good Knight 


received great annoyance : and^ without making 
any noise about it^ from spies to whom he was so 
liberal of money that they would sooner have died 
than deceived him^ he gained much intelligence re* 
specting the motions of the said Malvezzo ; so that 
he determmed to go and meet him in the open 
field. Accordingly, seeking two of his com- 
panions, who lodged in the same house with him, 
the one Captain La Clayette, and the other the 
Lord of La Crote, both gallant and victorious 
leaders, he thus addressed them: '^ Gentlemen, 
this Captain Malvezzo gives us much disturbance. 
Day hath scarcely dawned ere he comes and 
awakens us ; — no one is spoken of but he; — I am. 
not jealous of his great exploits, but grieved that 
he is not made to form a different notion of us. 
I have learnt much concerning his affairs. If 
you will come forth to battle you shall see some- 
what ; I hope that we shall meet with him to- 
morrow morning; for it is two days since he 
gave us the alarm." His comrades both replied^ 
** We will go wherever you like." " Then let 
each of you," 3aid Bayard, " arm thirty of the 
bravest gendarms he hath two hours after mid- 
night. I viU bring my own company, and the 
good fellows that are with me. Bonnet, M ypont> 


Cossey, Brezon^ and others, whom you know as 
well as !• Without blowing a trumpet^ or making 
any nOise, let us mount our horses : and depend 
upon me for providing an excellent guide." As 
he said so it was done> And, between the hours 
of two and ^hree, in the month of September, they 
went to horse, putting their guide before them, 
whom they kept closely guarded by four archers, 
and gave to understand that he would receive 
good payment if he did his duty, but that, 
if he played false, bis life must answer for it. 
Bayard had made this regulation, because spies 
are frequently arrant knaves, and cause the loss 
to fall on which side they please. The one in 
question however did his duty very well; and 
conducted them fuU ten miles into the country, 
till day began to appear. Then they went to 
view a great Palace, inclosed by a long wall; 
whereon the spy said to the good Knight : ^^ Sir, 
should Captain Lucio Malvezzo come to-day out of 
Treviso, to visit your camp, he must of necessity 
pass this place. If you think fit to conceal your- 
self in that edifice, which is now deserted, by reason 
of the war, you may see him go by, and he will 
not be able to see you," The Captains all ap- 
proved of the scheme, and posted themselves with"- 


in ; where, after staying about two hours, they 
heard a great noise of horses. 

The good Knight had made an old archer of 
his company, called Monart, a man of as much 
experience in war as any living, .climb up into a 
dovecot, to discover who these might be that 
were about to pass by, and what their number. 
The same espied Messer Lucio Malvezzo coming 
along at a good distance, accompanied, as far 
as he could judge, by one hundred gendarms, with 
helmets on their heads, and full two hundred 
Albanians, conducted by a Captain of the name 
of Scanderbeg, all well mounted, and, to appear-* 
ance, effective men. They passed by a stone's 
throw from the edifice where the French lay in 
ambush. When they had advanced beyond it 
Monart joyfully descended, and made his report. 
Well pleased were one and all ; and the good 
Knight enjoined them to adjust their horses* 
girths. Now there was not a page or groom in 
the band : for so it had been ordained. He said 
to his. companions, " Gentlemen, we have not met 
with so noble an adventure these ten years : if we 
are brave fellows they are twice as many as we ; 
but that is nothing : let us go after them." " Let 
us go, let us go !" cried the rest. 


Accordingly, having mounted their horses, they 
opened the gate, and set off at a quick trot after 
their enemies. They had not gone a mile when 
they spied them on a fine large road» Then the 
good Knight Sjaid, " Blow, trumpet, blow!" 
which he did incontinently. The Venetian Cap- 
tains, who had never suspected that there were 
people behind them, thought it was some of their 
own men who chose to quicken their pace. How- 
beit they halted, and long enough to discover 
that it was in very deed the enemy. They were 
somewhat dismayed to find themselves inclosed 
between the Emperor's camp, and those whom 
they beheld, so that they must either face them 
or do worse. Some comfort however they derived 
firom the small number of their pursuers. Captain 
Lucio Mahrezzo, with an undaunted mien, enjmned 
all his men to fight bravely ; representing to them 
that they must of necessity either vanquish or be 
vanquished. On both sides of the road were 
great ditches. A gendarm, unless very well 
mounted, would not have ventured to leap across, 
for fear of falling into them. Fight they must 
therefore, let it be how it would. 

So the trumpets on both sides began to sound, 
and they, firom the distance of a bow-shot, or 


thereabout, to rush upon each other, one party 
crying : " Empire ! Empire ! France ! France /" 
the other : " Marco ! Marco r — verily it was a 
pleasure to hear them* In this first charge many 
men were borne down to the ground. Specially 
Bonnet made a push with his lance which pierced 
one of the adverse troop through and through*. 
Every one did his best. The Albanians quitted 
the great road, and deserted their cavalry, in order 
to take the French behind; which the good 
Knight perceiving said to Captain La Crote: 
** Comrade, guard the rear, that we may not be 
surrounded. The day is our's." It was done 
accordingly, and when the Albanians thought to 
approach they were encountered, and soundly 
beaten ; insomuch that a dozen remained upon the 
ground, and the rest betook themselves to'flight^ 
The gentle Captain La Crote pursued them not 
far, but returned to the main business in band. 
However on his arrival he foimd the Venetians 
routed, and every one intent upon taking his 
prisoner. Messer Lucio Malvezzo, who was ad^ 
vantageously mounted, quitted the high road, to* 
gether with twenty or thirty that were the best 
furnished in regard of horses, and made with all 
speed for Treviso. They were followed a little 


way ; but vainly, so well did their steeds serve 
them, in addition to the hearty endeavour of the 
riders. The pursuers therefore retired, and began 
to return with their prisoners, which were more 
in number than themselves. For there were as 
many as an hundred and sixty or an hundred and 
eighty taken, whom they deprived of their swords 
and maces, and placed in the midst of them* 

Arrived at their camp they found the Emperor 
walking in the vicinage ; who, spying the great 
dust, sent a French Gentleman of his household, 
named Louys du Peschin, to learn the occasion 
of it : the same quickly returned, and said : '^ Sire^ 
it is the good Knight Bayard, and Captains La 
Clayette and La Crote, who have had the finest 
rencounter that hath taken place these hundred 
yealrs* They have more prisoners than soldiers, 
and have gained two standards." The Emperor 
was highly delighted. He drew nigh to the 
French, and wished them a good evening, they 
saluting him in fashion suitable to so august a 
Prince. He commended each Captain in his turn 
prodigiously; then said to the good Knight: 
" Lord of Bayard, my brother, your master, is 
very fortunate in having a servant like you. I 
would give an hundred thousand florins a year for 


a dozen such.*' The good Knight made answer: 
" Sh'e, you are pleased to say so, and for your 
commendations most humbly I thank you. Thus 
much I have in my power to promise, that, while 
my master is your ally, you shall nowhere find a 
better servant than myself.** 

The Emperor thanked him, and Bayard and 
his comrades took their leave and withdrew, 
each to his lodgings. Never was so great noise 
made before in any camp as this noble enterprise 
occasioned, whereof the good Knight carried 
away the chief honour ; though, in all companies, 
he ascribed the merit of it entirely to his two 
companions; for a more sweet, and courteous 
Knight the whole world could not produce. I 
shall make an end of this discourse, and relate 
another excursion which the good Knight took, 
unaccompanied save by his own band. 



Of anMer excursion made hy the good Knight without 
fear and without reproach, wherein sixty Albanians and 
thiiiy cross-bow men were taken. 

Three or four days after the excursion which 
Captains La Crote and Clayette and the good 
Knight made together, this last was informed by 
one of his spies, that Captain Scanderbeg and his 
Albanians, with a troop of cross-bow men, headed 
by Captain Rinaldo Contareni, had retired into 
a Castle named Bassano, and that they every day 
fell upon those who were coming to the camp, 
and on the Lansquenets who were returning into 
Germany to secure the cattle they had got from 
the enemy: in such sort that in the last two 
or three days they had defeated several hun- 
dred men, and recovered above four or five hun- 
dred cows and oxen, which they had carried 
into this Castle of Bassano, And, if they were 
willing to encounter them some morning in a pass 


at the foot of the mountain below the said Castle, 
they could not fail to meet with them. 

The good Knight^ who had always found this 
spy to be depended on^ and had moreover enriched 
him with more than two hundred ducats^ resolved 
to go thither^ without saying a word to any body; 
for he was very certain, as he understood there 
were only two hundred light horse in all, that 
he might easily defy that number with his thirty 
gendarms, they being all chosen men. However 
he had eight or ten Gentlemen with him, who 
had accompanied him to the Emperor's camp of 
their own accord, and solely for the good will they 
bore him. These, with his own company, were not 
men to be defeated in a few hours. He told them 
of the enterprise he had in contemplation, to 
know if they chose to be partakers in it. They 
were delighted with the proposal, and desired 
nothing better. Wherefore, an hour before day- 
break, on a Saturday, in the month of September, 
they mounted their horses, and went fifteen miles 
without stopping, till they arrived at the pass 
whither the spy was conducting them, but so 
secretly that they were espied by no one. 
This was about the distance of a cannon-shot 
from the Castle. There they lay in wait, and had 


not tarried long when they heard a trumpet in 
the said Caistle sounding to horse ; whereat they 
were greatly rejoiced. 

The good Knight asked his spy what road he 
thought they would take. He replied : " Whither- 
soever they are bound, they must perforce go 
over a little wooden bridge, a mile hence, 
which two men only might keep against five hun- 
dred. But, when they have passed this bridge, 
you shall send a few of your people to guard it, 
and hinder them from returning to the Castle, and 
I will conduct you behind this mountain to a pass 
I know of, so that you shall not fail to meet with 
them in the plain, between this spot and the 
Palace of the Queen of Cyprus." " Well coun- 
selled," quoth the good Knight: " who will remain 
at the bridge?" The Lord of Bonnet said : « My 
companion Mypont and I will guard it if you please, 
and you shall leave some people with us." " I am 
willing," said he : " Little John de la Vergne, 
and such and such^ to the number of six gendarms, 
and ten or twelve archers, shall bear you com- 
pany." . 

Wbil^ they were discussing this matter they saw 
the Albanians and cross-bow men descend from 
the Castle, persuaded that they were going 

VOL. I. p 


to a marriage-feast^ and to gain the fair spoils they 
had done the two preceding days : but it fell out 
far otherwise, as you shall hear. When they were 
gone by, Bonnet set out for the bridge with his 
people, and the good Knight, with the remainder 
of his company^ ' for the pass, conducted by the 
spy, who guided him so well, that, in less than 
half an hour, he brought him to the plain, where 
you might have seen a man on horseback six miles 
off. They descried their enemies at the distance 
of a long culverin shot or thereabouts, on the 
way to Vicenza, where they expected to find their 
prey. The good Knight called the bastard Du. 
Fay, his Standardbearer, and said to him : " Cap- 
tain, take twenty of your archers, and go skirmish 
with these people. When they see you so few, 
they will attack you no doubt ; in that case, tntn 


your horses' head^^ as though you were afraid, 
and bring them hither; I shall await you by 
the side of this mountain, and you shall see 
good sport." He needed not twice telling, being 
thoroughly versed in the art of war, but begun to 
march till he came into the enemy's view. 

Captain Scanderbeg, delighted at this rencoun- 
ter, begun to march fiercely with his men, till he 
recognised the French by the white crosses. 


Whereat his band commenced an attack upon 
them^ crying : " Marco ! Marco /" Du Fay, 
who had his lesson by hearty made as though he 
were affrighted, and set about returning. He was 
briskly pursued, and beaten back to the place 
where the good Knight lay in ambush ; he with 
his men, helmet on head, and sword in hand, 
burst upon them like a lion, shouting " France f 
France! Empire ! Empire /" In this first charge 
above thirty of the enemy were thrown out of 
saddled The assault at the beginning was fierce 
and vehement; finally, however, the Albanians and 
cross-bow men took to flight, at a great gallop, think- 
ing to gain Bassano, the way to which they were 
well acquainted with. If they ran their best, the 
French pursued their best ; but their Ught horses 
went so well that the good Knight would have 
lost his prey had it not been for the bridge guarded 
by Bonnet, who with his companion Mypont for- 
bade the enemies' passing. So that Captain Scan- 
derbeg found they must either fight, or fly at a 

venture. They preferred the latter course. But 
the French made such good use of their spurs 

that sixty Albanians and thirty cross-bow men 

were taken, with two Captains. The remainder 

traversed the country to Trevisano. 



Six days before a young Gentleman from Dau- 
phiny named Guy Guiflfry, son of the Lord of 
Boutieres^ and not above sixteen or seventeen 
years old, had been made archer of the good 
Knight's company; he was sprung of a good stock, 
and had a desire to emulate his kindred. During 
the combat he saw the Standardbearer of Rinaldo 
Contareni^s cross-bow men throw himself over a 
ditch in the intent of escaping. The youth, 
desirous to try his strength, leapt after him, and 
gave him so hard a thrust with his demi-lance, 
that he broke it, and brought the man to the 
ground. Then he grasped his sword, and cried 
out to him: "Yield, Ensign, or I kill theie !" The 
Ensign, who had no wish to die just then, gave 
up his sword and flag, and surrendered to the 
young lad, who was gladder than if he had got 
ten thousand crowns. So he made him remount, 
and led him straight to the good Knight, who 
caused the retreat to be sounded, having got 
more , prisoners than he knew what to do with* 
Bonnet saw the -young Boutieres coming from 
afar, and said: " Sir, I pray you, look at Guy 
coming along with a prisoner and a standard that 
he hath taken ;" at these words he arrived. The 
good Knight, when he knew of it, received as 


much pleasure thereat as ever he had done at any 
thing in his whole life, and said : " How, Boutieres, 
have you won this standard and taken this pri- 
soner ?" " Yes, my Lord," replied he : " such 
was God's will; he did wisely to surrender^ 
otherwise I should have killed him." At this all 
the company laughed, especially the good Knight, 
who was highly pleased, and said : " My good 
friend Boutieres, you have made a worthy begin- 
ning; God grant you may persevere in the same 
course !" And it did so come to pass, for after- 
wards, by means of his ileserts, he became Lieu- 
tenant ofmn hundred gendarms, which the King 
of France gave to the good Knight on account of 
his gallant defence of Mesieres against the Em- 
peror's army; whereof you will hear in due 

After these discourses the good Knight said 
to Mypont, Bonnet, and Captain Pierrepont, at that 
time his Lieutenant, an honourable, sage, and 
valiant Knight, and to those of highest consider- 
ation in his company : " Gentlemen, we must have 
this Castle, for there is abundance of booty within, 
which will fall into the hands of our people." 
" That would be well," rejoined they, " but it is 
strong, and we have no artillery." " Hold your 


peace!*' said he; "I know a method by which 
I can have it in a quarter of an hour." He espied 
for the two Captains^ Scanderbeg, and Rinaldo Con- 
tareni, and said to them : " Grentlemen, you must 
cause this place to be delivered up immediately ; 
for I am persuaded it is in your power to do so : 
if you refuse, I vow to God, I will have your heads 
cut off before the gate this very hour." They 
replied that they would effect as much if possible; 
and so they did ; for it was held by a nephew of 
Scanderbeg's, who gave it up as soon as his uncle 
had spoken with hun. 

The good Knight and his whole com^ny went 
up to the Castle, and there found more than 
five hundred cows and oxen, with a great deal of 
other booty, which was equally divided, to the 
content of every one. The cattle was taken to 
Vicenza to be sold. They had their horses well 
fed, and got wherewith to regale themselves like- 
wise. The good Knight made the two Venetian 
Captains sit at his table, and, just as they were 
about to finish their repast, the little Boutieres 
arrived ; he came to see his Captain, and brought 
with him the prisoner he had taken, who was 
twice his height, and thirty years of age. Wheu 
the good Knight saw him he begun to laugh, and 


said to the two Venetian Captains : " Gentlemen^ 
this young lad^ who was a page but six days ago, 
and whose beard is barely of three years' growth, 
hath taken your Standardbearer : it is a strange 
circumstance. I know not what is customary with 
you ; we French are wont to intrust none but the 
most able with our standards." The Venetian 
Ensign was abashed, and saw that he had forfeited 
his honour on this occasion: so he said in his own 
tongue : " Faith, Captain, I surrendered to him 
that took me not through fear of him, ifor he of 
himself is not a person to make me prisoner. I 
might easily have escaped out of his hands, or 
of a better warrior than he, but I could not 
contend with your whole troop alone." The 
good Knight looked at Boutieres, and said : *' Do 
you hear what your prisoner says, that you are not 
a man to take him ?" The boy was moved, and 
replied with heat : " My Lord, I entreat you to 
grant me a boon." " Ay, marry," quoth the good 
Knight : « what is it V " It is," said he, " that 
I may restore to my prisoner his arms, and his 
horse, that I may mount myself, and that we may 
both go down below there ; if I conquer him a 
second time let him look for nothing but death, 
which I vow before God he shall receive at my 


hands; if he escape, I will give him his 
ransom.'* Never had a proposal been made to 
the good Knight with which he was better pleased, 
and he cried aloud r *' In good sooth you have 
my permission." Which, however, proved super- 
fluousy 88 ike Venetian would not accept the 
challenge, thereby gwiing little honour, and 
young Boiitieres, on the other hand/ much. 

After dinner the good Knight and the French 
remounted and returned to the camp, whither 
they brought their prisoners. This noble capture 
was talked about for more than eight days, and 
the good Knight gained greatapplause on account 
of it from the Emperor, and from all the Ger- 
mans, Hainaulters, and Burgundians. Specially 
the good Lord of la Palisse made marvellous rejoi- 
cing thereat ; to him was told the story of the Uttle 
Boutieres' exploit, and how he had challenged 
his prisoner. What merriment this excited 
in the camp may easily be imagined. The 
Lord of la Palisse said he had been long ac- 
quainted with the race of the Boutieres, and 
knew all of that House to be gallant Gentlemen." 
Such was the success wherewith this adventure 
of the good Knight without fear and without 
reproach was attended . 



Hifw the Emperor resolved to assault Padua, and of the 
reason why he broke off the siege. 

I HAVE heretofore related how the artillery of 
the Emperor, of the Duke of Ferrara, and of the 
Marquis of Mantua had made three breaches, 
which coalesced into one half a mile, or little less, 
in extent. This the Emperor, accompanied by 
his Princes and Lords of Germany, went one 
morning to take a survey of. He was amazed at 
it, and took great shame to himself, that, accom- 
panied by so numerous a force as he was, he had 
not ordered the assault to be made before. For, 
during the preceding three days, the cannoniers 
had only lost their labour by firing into the town, 
because in the part they occupied the wall was 
completely destroyed. Wherefore, having re- 
turned to his own lodging, .which was not more 
than a stone*s throw from that of la Palisse, he 
called for a French secretary of his, and made him 
write a letter to the said Lord in substance as 


follows : " My cousin, I went this morning to view 
the breach in the town, which I find more than 
sufficient for such as will do their duty, and I deem 
it expedient that the attack should be made there 
this day. I therefore request of you that, as soon 
as you shall hear my great drum sounds which 
will be about noon, you will prepare all the French 


Gentlemen under your command, and, by order of 
my brother, the King of France, in my service, to 
repair to the said assault along with my foot- 
soldiers. And I hope, with God's aid, that we 
shall carry the place." 

The same secretary that had writ the letter 
was sent with it to the Lord of la Palisse, to whom 
this appeared a very strange procedure. How- 
ever he dissembled his thoughts, and siud to 
the secretary : '^ I am astonished that the Emperor 
hath not sent for my companions and me to deli- 
berate more advisedly on this affair. However 
you may tell him that I shall have them called 
hither, and shew them the letter. I believe that 
not one will fail of yielding obedience to what the 
Emperor is pleased to command.*' The secretary 
returned to deliver his message, and the Lord of 
la Palisse sent for all the French Captains, who 
repaired to his tent. It had already been noised 


throughout the camp that the assault was .to be 
made upon the town at mid-day, or soon after. 
Then were the priests, (a marvellous circumstance,) 
retained by sums of gold to hear ccmfession, all 
feeling anxious to be put into a good state at such 
a juncture. And many gendarms gave them their 
purses to keep: by reason whereof no doubt their 
reverences would have been far from displeased 
had they, whose money they were intrusted with, 
fallen in the assault. 

One thing I must remark to the readers of this 
history, namely, that so much money had not been 
seen for five hundred years in any Prince's camp, 
as was in this. Not a day passed but three or four 
hundred Lansquenets stole away into Germany 
carrying off cows, oxen, beds, corn, silk for 
spinning, and other useful articles. So that the 
loss sustained by the Paduan, as well in moveables, 
as in houses and Palaces burnt and destroyed, 
amounted to two millions of crowns. Now let us 
return to our subject. The French Captains, 
on arriving at the lodging of the Lord of la Palisse, 
were accosted by him in these words : " Gentle- 
men, it is fit we dine : for I have something to tell 
you, which, if you heard it beforehand, might 


perhaps prevent you from making good cheer." 
These words were spoken in jest^ for he knew his 
companions well, and that not one among them but 
was a second Hector, nay Orlando ; particularly 
the good Knight, who was never in his life over- 
come by aught he either saw or heard. 

During dinner they did nothing but break jests 
on one another. The Lord of la Palisse ever 
bent his raillery upon the Lord of Humbercourt, 
who paid him back in his own coin, with all 
honourable and pleitsant speeches. I believe the 
names of the French Captains assembled there 
havebeenmentioned already; and it is my opinion 
that the whole of the rest of Europe could not 
have furnished as many like unto them. After 
dinner all were ordered to quit the apartment ex* 
cept the Captain^; to them the Lord of la Palisse 
communicated the Emperor's letter, which was 
read twice over, in order to the better understand- 
ing thereof. This done, each looked laughing at 
the other, to see who would begin to speak first. 
So the Lord of Humbercourt said, addressing 
himself to the Lord of la Palisse : " There needs 
not so much pondering, my Lord ; send word to 
the Emperor that we are all in readiness. I begin 


to tire of the country^ fot the nights are cold, and 
moreover good wines are about to fail us." Where- 
at every one laughed. 

There was none of the Captains that did not 
speak before the good Knight, and all agreed to 
the Lord of Humbercourt's proposal. The Lord 
of la Palisse looked at him/ and perceived that he 
pretended to be picking his teeth, as though he 
had not heard what his companions had proposed. 
So he said smiling : *^Ha! you Hercules of France, 
what say you to the matter ? This is no time to 
pick teeth : the Emperor must have our answer 

The good Knight, who had ever a habit of 
jesting, replied pleasantly : " If we are to believe 
my Lord of Humbercourt, we have nothing to do 
but to proceed, one and all of us, straight to the 
breach. Yet, as I conceive it sorry pastime for 
gendarms to go afoot, I would willingly be excused. 
However, since I needs must deliver my opinion, 
you shall have it. The Emperor commands in 
his letter that you should make all the French 
Gentlemen go on foot to the assault, together 
with his Lansquenets. For my particular, 
though I am not possessed of much wealth, yet I 
am a Gentleman. All of you are great Lords, and 


of great families. So are many of our gendarms. 
Does the Emperor deem it a fitting thing to place 
such a number of noble persons in risk and 
jeopardy along with footsoldiers, whereof one is 
a shoe-maker, another a baker, another a blacks 
smith, mechanics who are not so chary of their 
honour as men of high degree ? There is some- 
thing unseemly in . this arrangement, saving his 
grace. My advice is, that you, my Lord," pursued 
he^ addressing la Palisse, ^' should return the 
Emperor the following reply: namely, that you 
have assembled your Captains agreeably to his 
desire, and that they are determined to execute 
his orders, according as they were instructed by 
'the King, their master. He knows well that the 
King of France admits none but persons of gentle 
birth into the number of his ordinary men of arms. 
To put such among footsoldiers, who are of low 
rank, would be treating them with too great a want 
of consideration. But there are many Counts, 
Lords, and Gentlemen of Germany; let him order 
them to go on foot, with the gendarms of France, 
who, in that case, will readily shew them thfe way. 
His Lansquenets xtiay follow, if the enterprise 
afford a prospect of success." When the good 
Knight had uttered his sentiments they were com- 


bated by no one, but were accounted just and 
reasonable. So this reply was returned to the 
Emperor, who thought it a very proper one, and 
forthwith had his drums and trumpets hastily 
sounded, to call together his retinue, which con- 
tained all the Princes, Lords, and Captains of Ger- 
many, Burgundy, and Hainault. Being met, 
they were informed by the Emperor how he had 
resolved upon assaulting the town within an hour, 
and had communicated this his intention to the 
French Gentlemen, who were ready enough to do 
their parts in the undertaking : but had besought 
him that the Gentlemen of Germany might go 
along with them, in which case they would willingly 
lead the way* " Wherefore, Gentlemen," said he, 
" I entreat you to accompany them on foot. And 
I hope, with God's aid, we shall vanquish our 
enemies in the first assault." As soon as the Em- 
peror had done speaking, there suddenly arose a 
strange and marvellous commotion among his 
Germans, which continued for half an hour ere it 
could be allayed. Then one appointed to answer 
for all declared that they were not fit persons to 
go on foot, or be sent to a breach ; and that it was 
their place to fight on horseback like Gentlemen." 
This was the only reply the Emperor could obtain 


from them. But, although it was by no means 
consonant to his wish, nor did exceedingly please 
him, he uttered never a word, save: " Well, Gen- 
tlemen, we must then consider what is best to be 
done." Thereupon he sent directly for a Gen- 
tleman of his, named Rocandolf, who went 
continually to the French as Ambassador, in fact 
lie was with them during most part of the siege, 
and thus bespoke him : " Go to the lodging of my 
cousin, the Lord of la Palisse ; commend me to 
him, and to all the French Captains you shall find 
in his company, and tell them the assault will 
not be made to day.*' He delivered his message, 
and all went to doff their armour, some glad and 
others sorry. Certes the priests were not over 
delighted, they being obliged to restore what had 
been given into their keeping.' I know not how 
it came about, nor who advised the measure, but 
the night after this conference the Emperor re- 
moved, in one journey, more than forty miles from 
the camp, and ordered his people to raise the 
siege ; which was done, as I am going to relate. 



How the Emperor withdrew from the camp before Padua, 
when he found that his Germans would not make the 

It may well be imagined how angry the Emperor 
was when he saw the willingness of the French 
Captains^ and that his Germans would do nothing 
for him. The gentle Prince of Anhalt differed 
from the rest in this matter ; and would have been 
ready enough to comply with the desire of the 
Emperor, offering his services to him, and like- 
wise seeking out the French Captains, for the 
purpose of justifying himself to them. Amid the 
other leaders of his bands was one named Captain 
Jacob, who afterwards entered ifito the service of the 
King of France, and fell at the battle of Ravenna, 
which will come to be treated of hereafter. The 
same had daily skirmishes in company with the 
French, and was richly endowed with courage and 
every honourable quality. But these two Germans 
could not supply the place of all. 

VOL, I. Q 


The Emperor, swelling with rage and vexation, 
two hours before dawn, on the following day, left 
his camp as quietly as possible, accompanied by five 
or six hundred of his most familiar servants, and 
removed in one journey to a distance of forty miles 
making towards Germany. He sent the Lord 
Constantino, his Lieutenant General, and the 
Lord of laPalisse word, that they must raise the 
siege as honourably as they could. All were 
amazed at this sort of conduct, but there was no 
help for it. The Captains, Frenchmen, Ger- 
mans, and Burgundians, holding counsel together, 
agreed to raise the siege, the executing of which 
was very troublesome and inconvenient, because 
there were six or seven and twenty pieces of 
artillery before the town, and carriages for not 
one half of them. The French were ordered to 
keep guard while the artillery was removed. But 
the noble Prince of Anhalt, well acquainted with 
the base temper of his countrymen, kept close to the 
ordnance, with his band of seven or eight hundred 
men, which redounded greatly to his honour. 
For they were obliged to continue fighting firom 
break of day till two hours of the night had 
elapsed, and took their food, if at all, not much 
at their ease, as there were constantly great and 


terrible alarms, they of the town making many 
fearful sallies. Moreover it was necessary to 
convey part of the ordnance to the camp where 
they were about to take up their quarters^ to leave 
it there, and bring back the horses and ox^n to 
fetch the remainder. The siege was raised with- 
out any loss either of the Emperor's people or of 
the French. One very ill deed was committed by 
the Lansquenets, who set fire to all their lodgings, 
and to every thing they passed by. 

The good Knight, out of a charitable spirit, 
caused seven or eight of his gendarms to remain 
in a handsome house, where he had lodged 
during the siege, to save it from the fire till the 
Lansquenets had gone by, and, of a truth, such 
incendiaries were little to his liking. The army 
went from camp to camp till they arrived at 
Vicenza, whither the Emperor sent some presents 
to the Lord of la Palisse, and all the French Cap- 
tains, according to his ability: for he was very 
liberal, and it would have been impossible to find 
a better Prince than himself, had he possessed 
wherewith to be generous. He had one fault, 
that of never confiding in any one, and the keeping 
his enterprises so secret hath been a great disad- 
vantage to him throughout his life. Most of the 



Germans left Vicenza ; but part remained in the 
city to guard it with the Lord of le Reu. So the 
Lord of la Palisse and his companions returned 
on AU-Saints day to the Dutchy of Milan, except 
the good Knight without fear and without re- 
proach, who remained some time in garrison at 
Verona, and received much honour there, as you 
will hear. The Venetians still held a town called 
Lignago, where they had a great garrison, and 
often made incursions upon them of the Veronese. 



Hato the good Knight without fear and without reproach^ 
being at Verona, made an incursion upon the Venetians, 
in which he was taken and rescued twice in one day,, and 
what was the upshot of all tlds. 

The good Knight was ordered to be in garrison 
at Verona, with three or four hundred gendarmSj 
which the King of France lent the Emperor* 
Thither came shortly after they that were for the 
said Emperor at Vicenza, knowing that town to 
be incapable of resistance, and that the Venetians 
were marching in great force to besiege it. But 
when these latter saw it abandoned they drew off 
their army to a village named St. Bonifacio, fif- 
teen or eighteen miles from Verona. It was hard 
upon the winter season, and the soldiers within 
the town were imder the necessity of sending to 
seek forage for their horses, sometimes from a 
great distance, through which both grooms and 
beasts were so often lost that they found it needful 
to furnish them with a convoy. But scarce a day 


passed that they fell not in with the enemy, and that 
a sharp conflict did not take place. On the side 
of the Venetians was a Captain Giovanni Paolo 
Manfrone^ a very brave and enterprising person^ 
who made hostile incursions every day to the very 
gates of Verona. He did this so long that the 
good Knight was irritated^ and resolved, the 
first day the foragers went afield, to be their 
escort himself, and to put in practice some warlike 
stratagem. So secretly however could he not 
execute his purpose but Captain Manfrone got 
notice of it firom a spy that dwelt at his lodg- 

Wherefore he determined to take such an 
effectual force with him when he went out into 
the country, that, if he met the good Knight, he 
might make him quit the field with disgrace. One 
Thursday morning the foragers were sent out of 
Verona, followed by thirty or forty gendarms, and 
others under the conduct of Captain Pierrepont, 
the good Knight's Lieutenant, a \^ise and cautious 
man. They quitted the main road, to go in search 
of the victualling houses, and to make their bar- 
gains. The good Knight, accompanied by an 
hundred gendarms, thinking to be undiscovered^ 
was gone to throw himself into a village on the 


high road, called St. Martino, six miles from 
Verona. He sent some scouts to look abroad, 
who were not long ere they spied their enemies, 
five hundred horse or thereabout in number, 
marching straight toward them who were gone in 
search of provisions. They came and made their 
report to the good Knight, who was delighted 
thereat, and instantly mounted his horse, to go 
and encounter them along with his men. 

Captain Manfrone, who had been warned of this 
enterprise by the spy, had ambushed five or six 
hundred pikemen and arquebusiers, infantry, in a 
Palace thereabout, having taken great pains to 
make them understand what they were to do; 
and among other things he told them they must 
not come forth till they saw him retire, and the 
French pursue him ; as he should make pretence 
to fly, and by that means should not fail to 
surround and defeat them. The good Knight, 
having gone out into the country, had not 
advanced two miles ere he saw his enemies 
fair before him. He marched straight up to them, 
and crying, " Empire I et France T would have 
charged them. They made some show of resist- 
ance, but, on seeing him approach, began to re- 
treat along a .road straight to their ambuscade. 


which they passed a little way; then stopping 
shorty and crying, " Marco / Marco /" began to 
tiefend themselves valiantly. The infantry quitted 
their place of concealment, with a terrible outcry, 
and rushed upon the French, dischar^ng a great 
number of guns ; whereby the _good Knight's 
horse was shot, and he fell unfortunately with 
one foot under the animal. His men, who would 
sooner have died than have left him there, made 
a great onset, and one, of the name of Grandmont, 
dismounted, and freed his Captain from peril. 
But, manfully as they fought, they could not escape 
remaining prisoners among the foot, who were 
going to have disarmed them. Captain Pierre- 
pont, who was with the foragers> hearing the noise, 
galloped* immediately to the spot. He came in 
time to find his Captain and Grandmont at an ill 
pass ; the enemies were then taking them out of 
the crowd, in order to conduct them away securely. 
As may well be supposed, the good Knight was 
overjoyed, and like a lion- struck them who held 
him, whereat they suddenly relinquished their 
captive, and withdrew to their troop, who fought 
furiously, as well as the remainder of the French. 
The good Knight and Grandmont were quickly 
furnished with fresh steeds, and returned directly 


to assist their men, who had much to contend 
with, being assailed before and behind ; but when 
rejoined by Bayard and Pierrepont they were 
greatly relieved. Nevertheless the parties were 
very ill matched, the Venetians being as four to 
one against them, add to which that their arque^ 
busiers did the French a vast deal of mischief. 

At this conjuncture the good Knight observed 
to Pierrepont: " Captain, if we do not gain the 
high road we are undone : if we once get thither, 
we can make off in spite of them, and, by God's help, 
without loss." ^' I am of the same opinion," said 
Captain Pierrepont. Accordingly they began, still 
fighting, to make toward the high road, which they 
reached, but not without undergoing a great deal. 
However they had lost no men as yet, while forty 
or fifty of the enemy's infantry had fallen, and 
seven or eight of their horse. When the good 
Knight and the French were on the high road 
leading to Verona, they began to retreat as closely 
and quietly as possible, and, at every two hundred 
paces, turned round upon their enemies in a won- 
derfully gallant manner. But on both their wings 
they had the Venetian foot constantly firing upon 
them; insomuch that, at the last charge, they 
killed the horse of the good Knight, who, feeling 


him stagger, leapt down upon the ground, sword 
m hand, and performed miracles of prowess. But 
he was soon surrounded, and it would have gone 
ill with him, had not his Standardbearer, Du Fay, 
and his archers, made so ftirious a charge, that 
they rescued their Captain from the midst of the 
Venetian troop, placed him on horseback in spite 
of their teeth, and then fell back together to the 
rest of their {)arty. The night now approaching. 
Bayard commanded his men to make no more 
attacks, declaring that it was sufficient for them to 
retire without loss of honour, as they did, to St. 
Martino, whence they had set out in the morning. 
There was a bridge furnished with barriers, at the 
end of which they halted. Captain Manfrone saw 
plainly that he could do them no more damage^ 
and also that they might receive succours from 
Verona. So he caused the retreat to be sounded, 
and set about returning to St. Bonifacio, preceded 
by his foot, who were very weary of this day's work, 
having fought four or five hours. They chose to 
tarry in a village four or five miles from the one just 
mentioned. But Captain Manfrone, who was not 
of their mind, returned with his own troop, much 
out of humour at having been used so roughly, 
and. by such a handful of men. The good Knight 


and hii^ people lodged that evening in the village 
of St. Martino^ where they made good cheer with 
the provisions they had^ discoursing of their admi- 
rable retreat : for they had only lost one archer, 
and had four horses killed, their adversaries hav 
ing sustained a heavy loss in comparison. Mean- 
time one of the spies from the village of St. Boni- 
facio arrived. He was brought before the good 
Knight, who asked him what their enemies were 
doing. He made answer : " Nothing further. A 
great troop of them are within St. Bonifacio, and 
they have spread a report that they shall speedily get 
possession of Verona, and fancy they have much 
intelligence within the town. Just as I was depart- 
ing, Captain Manfrone arrived, terribly heated and 
chafed; I heard he said that he was come from 
battle, and had met with devils of hell instead of 
men. And in my way hither, four or five miles from 
this place, I passed through a village full of their 
foot, who are lodging there, and who appear 
heartily weary, to look at them." Then said 
the good Knight, " 111 lay my life they are the 
infantry we fought with to-day, who have not 
chosen to go as far as St. Bonifacio. If you please 
they are in our hands* The moon shines bright> 


let us give our horses a fresh feed^ and go rouse 
them in the space of three or four hours." 

The scheme was approved of: — they got ready 
their horses as well as they could, and, after having 
set the watch, addressed themselves to repose. 
But the good Knight, taken up with the contem- 
plation of his enterprise, slept very Uttle ; and about 
three hours past midnight, he and his people got 
on horseback without any noise, and went straight 
to that village where the Venetian infantry had 
taken up their quarters. They found them sleep- 
ing like swine, without any watch, or a very bad 
one, at least. On arriving, they cried, " JEmpire/ 
Empire/ France/ France/ Kill/ Kill/'' at this 
joyous chaunt the country people awoke, and 
issued from their houses one after another, but 
were dispatched like cattle. The Venetian Cap- 
tain, with two or three hundred men, repaired 
to the market-place of the village, thinking 
there to muster his forces and gather strength ; 
but he had not time allowed him for this, being 
assailed in so many places, that he and all his 
people were vanquished and routed, and only 
three remained aUve, the Captain, and two other 
Gentlemen, brothers ; in exchange for whom^ on 


thei|r release, two French Gentlemen were set free 
from the prisons of the Seignory of Venice. When 
the good Knight had entirely, and to his great 
honour, completed his enterprise, he would tarry 
no longer, dreading some mishap. So he returned 
with his people into Verona, where he was joyfully 
received. On the other hand the Venetians, when 
they h^ard of the loss of their people, were much 
afflicted : and Messer Andrea Gritti, Proveditore* 
of the Seignory, strove to throw the blame on Cap- 
tain Manfrone, because he had left them behind. 
But he vindicated himself satis&ctorily, saying, 
that it was not in his power to get them out of the 
village where they were defeated, and that he had 
warned them strongly of the disaster, but could 
not make them Usten to reason. However in his 
own mind he meditated revenging himself in a few 
days : but he only augmented his disgrace, as you 
will hear. 



H<m the good Knight had like to have been betrayed by 
a spy, who had promised Captain Giovanni Paolo Man- 
frone to put him into his hands, and what came of it in the 

Seven or eight days after this fine adventure, 
Captain Manfrone, very ill pleased at meeting with 
so grievous a discomfiture and repulse, and at 
having his men killed and made prisoners, while 
the enemy received little or no damage, resolved 
to take vengeance in some way or other. He 
had a spy, who often went backward and forward 
from Verona to St. Bonifacio, and served both 
him and the good Knight, persuading each that he 
was intent upon no other than his interest. But 
these spies in their hearts ever incline more to one 
than another, as this did to Captain M an&one ; 
who said to him one day, after thinking a little 
upon the matter: " You must needs go to 
Verona, and tell Captain Bayard that the Seig- 
nory of Venice hath written word to the Proved!- 


tore that he is to despatch me to Lignago for the 
security of the place ; because the Captain now 
there is to be fetched away, and sent into the 
Levant, with a number of gallies ; that to your 
certain knowledge I shall set out to-morrow at 
break of day, with three hundred light horse ; and 
that infantry I take none. I am certain his spirit 
is so elated that he will not suffer me to pass 
without coming to attack me; which if he do 
attempt, I expect he will hardly escape being 
either killed or taken, as I shall bring two hun- 
dred horse, and as many thousand foot, which I 
shall place in ambush at Isola della Scala ; when 
I approach the same I should like to fall in with 
them. If you discharge your commission well, I 
promise on my honour to give you an hundred 
golden ducats." Spies, as every one knows, are 
created by Dame Avarice alone, and therefore, if 
out of six that are taken, one escape, he hath 
reason to thank God ; seeing that the true remedy 
for the disease they are cursed with, is an halter. 
Now this fellow assured Captain Manfrone 
that he could do the business well enough. He 
went immediately to the house where the good 
Knight lodged at Verona, being well known of 
all the servants there, who made sure that he was 


entirely at their master's devotion. They brought 
the man to him, as he was finishing his supper, 
and he received him kindly, saying : " Welcome, 
Vincentino ; you have not repaired hither without 
a cause ; what news ?" " Very good news, God 
be thanked. Sir!" said he. So Bayard rose in- 
stantly from table, and took the spy apart, to learn 
what it was. He related the affair circumstan- 
tially, and made it appear so much to the good 
Knight's liking that never man was more delighted 
than he. He ordered Vincentino. to be taken 
to supper and treated with excellent cheer : then 
drawing aside Captain Pierrepont, Captain La Va- 
renne, who bore his standard, the Bastard Du Fay, 
and a Burgundian Captain, who had supped with 
him that evening, and was called my Lord of 
Sucre, repeated to them what the spy had told 
him, and how Captain Manfrone was about to 
remove next day to Lignago, accompanied by no 
more than three hundred horse : adding that if 
they would shew themselves worthy comrades, 
his journey should not be eflfected without striking 
of blows, and that the matter required to be quickly 
concluded upon. They all found what he said to 
their mind : and it was forthwith settled between 
them that they should depart at break of day, 


bringing two hundred gendarms apiece. They 
wished the Lord of Conty to join them in this 
enterprise, and informed him of it, that he might 
hold himself in readiness as well as the rest. He 
required no long entreaty, being a very courteous 
Knight. The matter thus arranged, all went 
home to make their preparations for the next 
morning; among the rest Captain Sucre, who 
had a long way to go, and this was a fortunate 
circumstance ; for on his return he observed the 
spy that had lately conferred with the good Kniglit 
coming out of the house of a Veronese Gentle- 
man, thought to be ill affected to the Emperor, 
(as indeed he had Marco written in his very 
heart,) which made him suspect treason. So 
he stopped the spy, and asked him where he had 
been. The other knew not what answer to make 
on the sudden, and changed colour; which in- 
creased his suspicions, and, taking hold of the said 
spy, he went straight back to the place where he 
had supped. On arriving he found the good 
Knight ready to get into bed ; however he wrapped 
him in a nightgown, and they two seated themselves 
by the fire together, no one else being present. 
The spy meantime was given into good keeping. 
Then Captain Sucre disclosed to the good 

TOL. I. R 


Knight . the occasion of his sudden return^ 
namely, his having seen the spy leave the house 
of Messer Battista Volteggio, vfho was more 
attached to the Venetians than any one upon 
earth; which led him to suspect some villany, 
" for," said he, " when I surprised him, he was 
jnarvellpusly confounded." On hearing this the 
good Knight was not without his suspicions, any 
more than Captain Sucre. He sent for the 
spy and asked him what his business was at 
the house of Messer Battista Volteggio. At first 
he said he went thither to see a relation of his ; 
then he told another story, and in short was con- 
victed in five or six words. They sent for thumb- 
screws, and put them upon him, to make him 
speak after a different fashion. The good Knight 
said : " Vincentino, tell the truth, without conceal- 
ing any thing, and I promise you, on the word of 
a true Gentleman, that, be it what it may, no 
injury shall be done you, even though my death 
have been plotted ; on the other hand, if I find 
you in a lie, I will have you hung and strangled 
to-morrow at break of day." 

The spy, seeing that he was detected, threw 
himself on his knees^ and begged for mercy, which 
being assured of, he began to relate every particular 


of the treaison ; how Captain Manfrone had laid 
an ambush at Isola della Scala of two hundred 
horse and two thousand foot to overpowet the 
good Knight ; and how he had visited the house 
of Messer Battista Volteggio to apprize him of 
the same, and also to shew him by what means 
he might deliver up one of the gates of the town 
some night to the Proveditore, Messer Andrea 
Gritti. These and many other things were 
confessed by that vile spy. He declared however 
that Volteggio had told him he would have no 
hand in so iniquitous a proceeding, and that, 
being under allegiance to the Emperor, he was 
resolved to live and die faithful to the same. 

When he had ended his precious narration the 
good Knight said to him: « Vincentino, ill did I 
bestow the money I gave you; and within that 
body of yours is contained the heart of a base 
and wicked man; though indeed I never took 
you for any thing else. You richly deserve 
death : but since I have pledged my word to the 
contrary, no evil shall be done you, and I will have 
you put out of the town in safety. But take care 
you never return to it while I remain therein; 
for, if you do, not all the world shall hinder my 
having you hung and strangled." He was taken 



out of their presence^ and shut up in an apart- 
ment^ till he should be wanted. The good Knight 
said to Captain Sucre : " My friend, how shall 
we deal with this Captain Manfrone, who thinks 
to overcome us by craft ? We must give him the 
meeting, and, if we can accomplish wh^t I am 
going to tell you, it will be as glorious an exploit 
as hath been performed these hundred years." 
Sucre replied, " My Lord, command, and you 
shall be obeyed." " Go then," said he, " now 
directly to the house of the Prince of Anhalt, 
commend me humbly to his good graces, and, 
after laying the affair fully before him, prevail 
upon him to send us two thousand of his Lans- 
quenets to-morrow morning: we will conduct them 
along with us at a leisurely pace, and leave them 
somewhere in ambuscade, and if, before all be 
accomplished, you do not behold wonders, lay 
the blame upon me." 

Captain Sucre departed instantly, and went 
straightway to the lodging of the Prince, who 
happened to be asleep. He had him awa- 
kened ; and, going to him, acquainted him with 
all that I have just been relating. The gentle 
Prince, who esteemed nothing above war, and 
had conceived such an affection for the good 


Knight, among all Gentlemen, on account of his 
prowess, that it must have been a strange thing 
which he would have refused him, said he 
was very sorry that he had not known of this 
enterprise sooner, as he would then have joined 
in it himself, hut that the good Knight could 
dispose of his men better than he could do ; and 
he sent directly fol* his secretary to apprize four 
or five Captains thereof, who, to make the story 
short, were as much in' readiness by day-break, 
as the gendarms that had known of the intended 
excursion since the evening, and were at the gate 
at the same time with them. This excited much 
surprise in the Lord of Conty, he having received 
no intimation of the matter the night before; and 
he asked the good Kjiight what was the meaning 
of it, who unravelled the whole scheme to him 
from beginning to end. « On my honour," said 
the Lord' of Conty, " God willing, we shall do a 
noble work this day." The gate being opened, 
they took their way toward Isola della Scala. 
The good Knight said to Sucre: **You and 
the Lansquenets must lie in wait at Servode^^ 
(this was a Uttle village two miles from Isola,) " and 
give yourselves no concern about any thing : for 
I will bring the en^my close up to you, whereby 


you will gain much honour this day, if you be 
gallant fellows.'" It was done according to his 
words ; on arriving at that village the Lansquenets 
remained in ambush ; while the good Knight, the 
Lord of Conty, and their troop, proceeded toward 
Isola as if they nothing knew who were within 
tihat place. 

The same looked out upon a noble plain whence 
the eye could reach to a great distance on every side- 
Thither they went with some light horse to see if 
they could descry Captain Manfrone. The good 
Knight sent his Standardbearer, Du Fay, attended 
by some archers, to skirmish with them, march- 
ing leisurely after him with the cavalry. It was 
Bpt long ere he saw the Venetian foot sally firom 
the town of Isola della Scala, with a troop of 
horse. He pretended to be somewhat dismayed^ 
and bade the trumpet sound to recall the other 
troop. J)u Fay, hearing this, retired, agreeably 
to the instructions he had received, with all his 
men, who kept very close: and, pretending to 
make straight for Verona, went softly toward that 
village where their Lansquenets were posted^ 
sending forward an archer to bid Captain Sucre 
come forth to battle. 

The horse of the Seigniory, flanked by their 


troop of infantry, made quick and frequent charges 
upon the French, with such a noise that thimder 
could not have been heard at the time, fancying 
that they whom they beheld would not be able to 
escape them. The French were not routed, but 
skirmished discreetly; so that when'they were a 
bow-shot from Servode, they discerned the Lans- 
quenets, who were coming quietly along in perfect 
order, and now discovered themselves, to the great 
consternation of the enemy. The good Knight 
then said: ^^ Gentlemen, it is time to make the 
assault;" this they all did, falling upon the Vene- 
tians, who approved themselves good soldiers; 
nevertheless many of them were thrown to the 
ground: their foot were unable to fly, by reason 
of the great distance from any place of refuge. 
They were likewise charged by the Lansquenets, 
and, incapable of bearing up against then- numbers, 
were disordered, overthrown, and all cut to pieces, 
not one being taken prisoner* This took place 
before the eyes of Captain Manfrone, who did his 
duty very well ; however perceiving that, unless 
he made his retreat, he should be either killed or 
taken, he began to gallop at a great rate toward 
St. Bonifacio, which was a long way off. He was 


pretty well chased ; but the good Knrght caused 
the retreat to be sounded: by reason whereof 
every man returned, but not without great gain 
of prisoners and horses, and exceeding rich booty. 
The Venetians underwent a heavy loss, the whole 
of their two thousand foot, and as many as five 
and twenty horse, being slain upon this occasion. 
About sixty were taken prisoners, and carried to 
Verona ; there the French, Burgundians, and 
Lansquenets had a joyful reception from their 
companions, who were much concerned that they 
had not been with them. 

Such was the success of this noble enterprise, — 
high luck for the good Knight, who received great 
commendation from all sorts of people. Returned 
to his lodging, he sent for the spy, to whom he 
said : " Vincentino, you shall go, as I promised, 
to the Venetian camp; moreover ask Captain 
Giovanni Paolo Manfirone, whether Captain 
Bayard be not as subtile in war as he, and say 
that he may find him in the field ready to do battle 
with him whenever he listeth." The good Knight 
ordered two of his archers to conduct the man out 
of the town, which they did. He went straight 
to St. Bonifacio, where Manfirone, as soon as he 


set eyes upon him^ had him seized^ hung, and 
strangled, saying that he had betrayed him, and 
no excuse that he could make was of any avail. 

The Venetians still held the town of Lignago, 
where they had a numerous garrison ; the inhabi- 
tants of the Veronese and they making frequent 
incursions upon each other. In this state things 
remained during the whole of the winter. 

In the beginning of the year 1510, soon after 
Easter, the King of France, Lewis XII., was taken 
leave of by his nephew, the worthy Duke of Ne* 
mours, of whose short life this history will make 
ample mention; for he well deserves to be 
chronicled in every possible way. He passed 
over into Italy, taking with him Captain Louys 
d'Ars, a brave and worthy Knight; they were 
received, on their arrival, each according to his 
quality, by the Lord of Chaumont, Grand Master 
of France, and Governor of Milan, and by all the 
Captains at that time in Italy, as honourably as 
could be, above all by the good Ejiight without 
fear and without reproach, who was much loved 
of the Duke of Nemours, and of his head Cap- 
tain Louys d'Ars. By order of the King of France 
the Lord of Molart had also repaired thither, 
with two thousand adventurers, and many other 


Captains. Then the Grand Master Chaumont 
laid siege to the town of Lignago which the 
Venetians held: and^ to the end that it might 
receive no succours either of men or provisions, 
the Lord of Alegre was sent thither with five 
hundred horse^ and four or five thousand of the 
Lansquenets then at Vicenza, in charge of the 
worthy Prince of Anhalt, whoistill had under him 
that Captain Jacob that afterwards entered the 
service of King Lewis* This place of Lignago stood 
a vast deal of cannonading. Moreover there was 
much good artillery, especially that of the Duke of 
Ferrara, who, among other.pieces, had a culverin 
twenty feet long, called by the adventurers the 
great devil. In brief, the town and Castle were 
carried, and all within, or the major part of them, 
put to death. In this taking the Lord of Molart 
«md his adventurers behaved very well, and ac- 
quired much honour ; for they had no time t6 
wait till the breach were of a competent size before 
they made the assault. The Lord of Chaumont 
appointed Captain La Crete to guard it, with an 
hundred gendarms, of whom he had charge under 
the Marquis of Montferrat, and a thousand foot 
under two Captains, the one named L'Herissoh, 
the other, (a Neapolitan,) Giacomo Corse. 


During this siege of Lignago the Lord of 
Chaumont sustained a heavy loss in the death of 
his uncle^ the Legate D'Amboise^ who had been 
the means of procuring him the honours he had 
attained unto^ having likewise done great things 
for all his family^ by promoting them in the church, 
and in other ways : for he completely governed 
both Lewis XII. and his Kingdom. He had been 
a very wise prelate and a worthy man in his day. 
He never would have more than one benefice, 
and at his death was only Archbishop of Rouen» 
He might have had many had he chosen it. 
This lamentable event bitterly afflicted the Lord 
of Chaumont, indeed he did not long survive 
it : of that however, before other men, he betrayed 
little outward semblance, but continued to manage 
his master's afiairs as well and wisely as ever. 

When he had given his directions at Lignago, he 
went to join himself to the Emperor's forces, in the 
intent of marching over the territories of the Ve- 
netians, and bringing them to reason. A few days 
before, the King of Spain had sent to the succour of 
the Emperor four hundred Spanish and NeapoUtan 
horse, of a marvellous good appearance, under 
the conduct of the Duke of Termini ; but they, 
being fatigued, were sent to sojourn at Verona. 


The armies of the Emperor and of the King of 
France advanced to a place called Santa Croce, 
where they abode some time^ for it was thought 
the Emperor intended to come down to them ; 
but that was not the case. During their encamp- 
ment^ the heat was so excessive that most who 
were there called this the hot camp* 

Just before their departure a horrible oc- 
currence took place near a great village called 
Longara ; all having fled away at this time by 
reason of the war^ above two thousand persons^ 
men and women, and among them those of most 
consideration in the flat country, had retired into 
a cave, a mile or more in length, within a moun- 
tain, and had carried thither abundance of provi- 
sions, and also some ammunition and guns to keep 
o£f any that would force their way in, which it 
would have been almost impossible to effect, as 
not more than one man could come in front of 
the entrance. The adventurers, the like of whom 
are commonly wont to go in search of plunder, 
especially such as are good for nothing in war, 
came to the mouth of this cavern, which is called 
in the Italian tongue the Grotto of Longara. 
They had a marvellous desire to enter, but were 
besought with all mildness to go away, as nothing 


was to be gained there^ they within having left 
their property at their own houses. The miscreants 
would not be put o£f by these entreaties, and 
sought to break into the cave, but were prevented 
from so doing, and some shots were made which 
killed two of them. The rest went to fetch 
their comrades, who, ready enough to do evil, 
repaired to the spot. On arriving they saw 
plainly that it would be impossible for. them ever 
to get in by force: so they bethought them 
of a great piece of baseness and cruelty : right 
over against the aperture they placed much wood, 
straw, and hay, together with fire, whereby this 
cave, which received no air save thence, was 
speedily filled with so dreadful a smoke that all 
in the inside t|^ereof were stifled, and perished 
miserably, without ever being touched by the fire* 
When that was extinguished, and people entered 
the place, a number of Gentlemen and Gentle- 
women were there found lifeless ; one might have 
fancied they were sleeping. The adventurers got 
much booty there. But the Grand Master, and 
all the Captains were marvellously displeased, 
especially the good Knight without fear and 
without reproach, who busied himself all day 
to discover the perpetrators of the action, and 


caught two of them, a man with no ears, and 
another that had but one. He prosecuted so 
strict an examination into their conduct, that they 
were led in front of this grotto by the Provost 
Marshal, and there hung and strangled by his 
executioner, the good Knight choosing to be 
present at the time. While this was a doing, be- 
hold, as it were by miracle, there comes out of the 
cave a young lad, about fifteen or sixteen years 
old, apparently more dead than alive, and all 
yellow with smoke. He was brought before the 
good Knight, who asked him how he had been 
preserved. He replied that, when he found the 
smoke increase, he went to the extremity of the cave 
where there was a very small cleft from the top 
of the mountain, and took air through that. He 
also told him a grievous thing, that many Gentle- 
men and their wives, when they perceived the 
cave was about to be set fire to, wished to go out, 
seeing they must otherwise perish. But the pea- 
sants, who were by much the strongest, would 
rtever consent to it, and came before them with 
the points of their triple-forked spears, saying 
that they should die along with them. Thus the 
poor people were assailed both by the fire, and 
by one another. 


From Longara the camp marched straight to 
M onselice which the Venetians had retaken^ and 
fortified^ having also lodged a thousand or twelve 
hundred men within. On the road the Lord of 
Alegre, and the good Knight^ with the Lord 
Mercure and his Albanians^ then in the Em- 
peror's service, met some light horse belonging 
to them of the Seigniory, called Croats, who are 
more Turks than Christians, and were come to 
see if they could win any thing from the army. 
But they made a bad booty ; for all, or most part 
of them, were slain after being prison^ra about a 
quarter of an hour. Among them the Lord 
Mercure recognised the Captain, as he afterwards 
said, to be his cousin german, who had thrust 
him out of his inheritance in Croatia, occupying 
the same by force, and was the greatest enemy 
he had in the world. He reminded him of all the 
ill he had done him, intimating that vengeance 
was now in his hands. The other said that was 
true ; but that he had been taken in honest wa.r- 
fare, and ought of right to go free, on paying a 
ransom, according to his ability, for which he 
offered six thousand ducats, and six goodly and 
excellent Turkish horses. " We will talk of that 
at leisure :" said the Lord Mercure ; " but tell 


me on your honour^ if you had me in your power, 
as I have you, what would you do with me V* 
He replied: " Since you urge it to me so strongly 
upon my honour, I must tell you that, if you were 
at my mercy, as I am at yours, not all the gold in 
the world should save you from being cut to 
pieces by my command." " In good sooth," said 
the Lord Mercure, " I will deal no worse with you." 
So he ordered his Albanians, in his language, to 
make use of their scimitars^ and they instantly 
fell to work with the same, after such fashion, that 
there was not a Captain, or any other that had 
not ten strokes after his death. Then they 
cut off their heads, and stuck them at the end of 
their carbines, saying that they were not Christians. 
They had a strange sort of headtire ; it resem- 
bled a damsel's hood; and the part that covered 
the scull was furnished with five or six pieces of 
paper glued together, so that a sword could make 
no more impression on it than on a steel cap. 

Siege was laid to MonseUc6, which endured a 
battery of four or five days, and would never have 
been taken, by reason of the fortifications that had 
been made there, had not they that held it saUied 
out, often a stone's throw from their fort, to skir- 
mish with the French adventurers, who desired 


mightily to see what was doing in the inside of tJhe 
place. One afternoon Captain Molart's men, 
with the Baron of Montfaucon, went unexpectedly 
to skirmish with them of the Castle, who came . 
boldly to the fight, and performed wonders. In- 
somuch that they give the adventurers disgraceful 
rebuffs on two or three occasions. Once how- 
ever they pursued them too far, and when they 
thought to retire found themselves aweary. Which 
being perceived by the adventurers, they chased 
them with eagerness, so that they entered pro- 
miscuously along with the enemy into the place. 
When they who guarded it saw that they were 
undone they withdrew into a great tower, where 
they were immediately besieged, fire being set to 
the foot of it. The greater part chose rather to 
be burnt than to surrender. The others going 
out by the battlements, the adventurers received 
them on the points of their pikes. In short very 
few of them escaped alive. On the side of the 
French there was a Gentleman killed of the name 
of Camican, and the Baron of Montfaucon was 
dangerously wounded ; he recovered however, 
but with very great difficulty. 

They had the fortifications of the place repaired 
and put a great garrison therein, purposing to go 

VOL. I. s 


and lay siege to Padua. But news came tbat 
Pope Julius had deserted their cause, and was 
going to make war upon the Duke of Ferrara, an 
ally of tlie King of France, to whom the said Duke 
had despatched a full account of the matter, in 
order to obtain succours : which Lewis was very 
willing to grant, and directed the Grand Master 
by letter to furnish him therewith. This he did, 
sending to his assistance the Lords of M ontoison, 
of Fontrailles, of le Lude, and the good Knight, 
with three or four thousand French foot, and 
eight hundred Swiss, whom a Captain, named 
Jacob Zemberc, had brought from their own 
country as adventurers. On their arrival at 
Ferrara they were Very well received by the Dul^e 
and Dutchess, and by all the inhabitants. 

The Grand Master with the remainder of his 
army retired to the Dutchy of Milan, on receiving 
information that the Swiss, who a little while 
before had forsaken the alliance of the King his 
master, were making a descent upon it, and had 
already come as far as the bridge of La Treglia. 
When he arrived he tarried not at Milan, but, with 
his cavalry, the two hundred Gentlemen, and a 
small number of foot, went to await them in the 
plain of Galeras, and had dl the iron works of 


the mills, and every kind of victuals, removed from 
their road : nay, worse than that, it was said he 
caused all the wines at Galereis to be poisoned, 
until the Swiss came and drank their fill : but not 
a jot was any one of them the worse of it. They 
remained but a short space in the country, being 
obliged, by the failure of provisions, to return to 
their own land, whither they were closely attended 
the whole way, in order that they might not set 
fire to any of the villages. Some of the French 
went to Galeras, and would drink of the wine 
that had been poisoned for the Swiss, whereby 
there died more than two hundred of them. We 
must either say that this happened through the 
special interposition of Grod, or that the spice 
remained at the bottom of the cask. 

I will now leave this subject for a brief space, 
and return to the war betwixt the Pope and the 
Duke of Ferrara. But first I shall depaint a 
strange and perilous adventure which happened 
the same year to them of lignago. 




How they of the garrison of Lignago made an incursion 
upon the Venetians ^ on the information ofsotne spies, who 
. betrayed them, whereby they were defeated. 

When the gentle . Knight, of La Crote had 
ordered his matters within Lignago^ not many days 
passed ere he hecame ill^ and in great danger of 
dying. He was surrounded by young people and 
volunteers^ among whom was a Gentleman, named 
Guyon de Cantiers, passing valiant, but. of. more 
courage than conduct. The Venetians often came 
close up to Lignago, but they that were placed in 
garrison there durst not go out, as they had been 
charged to do no more than keep it safely* This 
Guyon de Cantiers had spies in various quarters, 
and contrived to make acquaintance with one of 
the town of Montagnana, distant from Lignago 
twelve or fifteen miles, who came often to visit 
Cantiers in his own fort, and was always telling 
him that, if he would go fo^th some day with a 


number of horse and foot, he could not fail of 
taking prisoner Messer Andrea Gritti; the Pro vedi- 
tore of the Seignory of Venice ; as he oft^n came 
to M ontagnana, with two or three hundred light 
horse; and that Cantiers and his companions, 
placed in ambush near the town, some morning 
before daybreak, might make sure of laying hold 
on the Proveditore as he came out of the same, 
anfd afterwards might take and pillage the town ; 
the fellow moreover undertook to point out with 
certainty the day on which the attempt might suc- 
cessfully be made. 

Cantiers, who had a great desire to make iticur- 
sidns, and no slight one to gain this noble booty, 
assured him that he would not fail on his part, if 
Only the other would give him true information. 
Which he promised, and, returning to Monta- 
gnana, disclosed to him that kept it for the Seig- 
nory the trap he had laid for them of Lignago, 
adding, that if they would concur with him in 
the business, they might rely upon having great 
part of the garrison at their mercy, and thereby 
might easily retake the place, which was of amazing 
importance to them. The Captain of Montagnana 
thought his plan feasible, and immediately sent 
word of it by an express to the Proveditore, Mes- 


ser Andrea Gritti^ who brought three htmdred 
gendarms^ eight hundredlighthorse, and two thou- 
sand foot* Of this band^ on arriving within two or 
three miles of Montagnana, he sent two hundred 
horse and a thousand foot to lie in wait, with in- 
structions to let them that should come out of 
lagnago pass by« and then to bar their proceedings 
They did not forget what they had been en- 
joined tO| but played their parts vastly w^ll. The 
spy ftom Montagnana went back to speak with 
Guyon de Cantiers ; the same gave him a hearty 
welcome^ inquiring what brought him to Lignago ; 
who* replied with a confident air : ^^ Good news 
for yovL, if it please you ; Messer Andrea Gritti 
arrives this evening at our town, with two hundred 
horse only. If you will depart an hour or two 
before daybreak, I will be your guide, and you 
shall not fail to lay hands on him." WeU pleased 
was Cantiers, and going directly to his comrades, 
m particular to a Gentleman who bore their 
standard, called the young Malherbe, recounted 
to them every tittle of the a&ir. Never was any 
thing more highly approved of. As far as their 
own inclinations were concerned they were for 
going, without any sort of controversy; but it 
was fir^t requisite to gain permission. Captain La 


Crote stiD kept his bed^ not being as yet 
thoroughly recovered from his malady. 

So the two Gentlemen, Cantiers and Malherbe, 
went and besought him that he would give them 
leave to make an incursion, whereby they should 
acquire high honour and great emolument ; and 
they rehearsed the enterprise to him from begin- 
ning to end. When he had listened to their dis- 
course he made answer like a wise and prudent 
Knight : *^ Gentlemen, you know that I have this 
place intrusted to me on my honour and life, to keep 
merely. In case your adventure proved unfortu- 
nate, I should be for ever ruined and undone, and 
should wear out the remnant of my days in melan- 
choly; wherefore I am resolved against granting 
you permission." They began to ply him with 
the most eamestremonstrances possible, affirming, 
that there was no danger, and that they were sure 
of their spy. They urged the point so much, that, 
half willing, half conquered by their importunity, 
he yielded consent. But, sooth to say, it was 
almost by force. That gave them no uneasiness, 
for their brains were all in a ferment, and they 
determined to try their ill fortune, how dear 
soever it might cost them. 

They informed all their companions of the 


affair^ and gained them over to their bow, and 
when they found the time approach, they made 
about fifty gendarms mount their horses, under 
the command of Malherbe, while Guyon de Can- 
tiers conducted nearly three hundred foot. About 
two hours after midnight they left Lignago, along 
with their treacherous spy, who was guiding them 
to the slaughter. Certes there quitted Lignago 
that day the very flower of chivalry, as far as 
respected hardihood ; but Youth was also of their 
company. They went together along the road 
which led from Lignago to Montagnana, the foot 
before, and the horse by their side. They pro- 
ceeded till they approached the first ambuscade 
of the men of the Seignory, who were stationed in 
a little village; but, suspecting nothing, they, 
passed on, till they were a short mile's distance from 

Then said the spy to them ; " Gentlemen, let 
me go, and do you remain here^ and stand close ;, 
I will go see what is doing in the town, that I may 
acquaint you therewith.'* They suffered him to 
depart: but tax better had they cut off his head;, 
for no sooner was he arrived there than he sent to 
Messer Andrea Gritti, and said to him : " Sir, I 
have brought you the greater part of them of Li- 


gnago with the rope about their necks ; it is not 
possible for one of them to escape^ unless it be 
your pleasure^ for they have already passed your 
ambuscade^ and are even now a. mile hence." 
Messer Andrea Gritti instantly got on horseback, 
and all his men with him, both horse and foot : 
and, issuing out of the town, sent forward about 
an hundred men to skirmish. They very soon met 
with the French, who were marvellously rejoiced, 
thinking they had no one else to encounter, and 
that the Proveditore was in this troop. The 
French cavalry began to charge them, and they 
turned their backs and fled, till they rejoined the 
main body of their force. Which the former 
perceiving were much appalled, and, returning to 
the foot, they said to them : " We are betrayed, 
for there are three thousand men or more ; we 
must try to get away." They of the Seignory 
followed them with great fury, crying, « Marco/ 
Marco ! A carne ! A came /"* and rudely 
assaulted the French, who put their foot on before, 
and their horse in the reat to support them. And 
in fact they retreated without loss to the village, 
where was the first ambuscade of the Venetians, 

♦ « Markl Mark! Kill ! KiUr 


and whence they saUied forth at the sound of a 
trumpet, according to the mstructions they had 
received, and threw themselves between Lignago 
and the French. Thus they were inclosed and 
assailed on both sides. *And it mtist be acknow- 
ledged that, since God created heaven and earth, 
there was never better fighting for one day, 
according to the number of men. Above four 
hours did the conflict last ; yet in all that time the 
French, who ever kept retreating, could not be 

Messer Andrea Gritti hit upon an expedient, 
wluch was to take them in flank by means of some 
cross-bow men mounted on horses, who fell upon 
the foot and partly threw them into disorder. 
Nevertheless they still made for their town ; and 
came within four miles of it, but there were forced 
to stop, being charged in so many places, that 
most part of the gendarms were dismounted, hav- 
ing their horses killed under them. When Guyon 
de Cantiers saw that all was lost, he rushed amid 
the Venetian infantry like a chafed lion, and did 
wondrous feats of arms, killing five or six with his 
own hand : but his men were too few in number to 
cope with their adversaries. He was therefore of 
necessity overpowered and slain, with the whole 


of his three hundred men^ not one of "whom 
escaped alive. Captain Malherbe had gone out 
into the country with the few horse that he still 
had^ and fought for the space of a full hour ; but 
in the end was taken prisoner^ with five and twenty 
of his companions^ the rest falling on the spot. 
To conclude> not a i^gle man got off alive to tell 
the tale at Lignago. 

When Messer Andrea Ghritti saw that victory 
was completely on his side^ he bethought him of 
the following stratagem. He caused all the French 
infantry that were slain to be stripped and dis- 
armed^ and the same number of his own men to be 
arrayed in their spoils; he also took the armour 
of the gendarmsy their horses^ and plumes, and 
gave them to some of his own people. Moreover 
he delivered to them an hundred or an hundred 
and twenty of his men, whom they led along as 
though they were prisoners, and he made them take 
three falcons which they of Lignago had brought. 
Then said he to them: *^ Go in this guise even to 
Lignago, and, when you are near the same, 
cry: *^ France/ France/ Victory f Victory f' 
They within will think it is their people who have 
prevailed; and, in order more fully to possess 


them with this idea^ beside their ensigns carry also 
two or three of ours. I make no doubt but they 
will open their gates to you; in which case do 
you rush into the town: I shall be a bow-shot from 
you, and at the sound of the trumpet will repair 
thither immediately. Thus if you manage the 
affiiir well we shall this day retake Lignago/ which 
is of great importance to the Seignory, as you all 

These injunctions were very well executed, and, 
making a show of joy and festivity, they ap- 
f>roached within a bow -shot of Lignago, sounding 
trumpets and clarions. The Lord of La Crote 
had a Lieutenant in the place called Bernard de ' 
Villars, a wise old Knight, and of great experience. 
He went up into the tower of the gateway, to see 
these people, who were counterfeiting so great 
gladness in order that the gate might be opened to 
them. He marked their carriage from afar, and was 
startled thereat, saying to one near him : " These 
are the horses and accoutrements of our people ; 
but it appears to me that the men themselves ride 
not after our fashion, and are none of ours, unless 
I be mistaken. HI luck may have betid oiir party, 
and my heart misgives me that it is so. Descend I 


pray you, and cause the draw-bridge to be lowered, 
and then to be drawn up. If these be our people 
you will know it soon enough : if they be enemies 
betake yourself to the barricade. I have here two 
pieces loaded ; if it prove necessary you shall be 
succoured therewith." At the words of Captain 
Bernard his companion descended, thinking to 
meet his own townsmen, and cried : ^^ Whom are 
you for ? Where is Captain Malherbe ?" They 
replied nothing : but, supposing that the bridge 
was lowered, put their horses into a gallop. The 
other got off as well as he could to the barrier. 
Then the two pieces of artillery were discharged, 
which stopped them short in their career. Thus 
was the town of Lignago saved on that occasion ; 
but great shame and loss accrued to the French, as 
many perceived. When the poor Lord of la Crote 
became acquainted with this sad business he had 
Uke to have died of grief. The King of France 
was mightily displeased, and went nigh to work 
him evil on this score, but his wrath was appeased 
by means of the Lord Jean Jacques, who visited 
France at that time to stand god-father to the 
Lady Renee, daughter of King Lewis XII. and 
his wife Anne, Dutchess of Brittany, and used 


many arguments with him in exculpation of the 
Lord of la Crote. 

Let us now leave this subject^ and return to 
Pope Julius 11^ who was marching toward Fer- 



Ham Pope JuUus went in person to the Dutchy of Ferraraj 

and laid siege to Mirandola, 

Pope Julius, who was hugely desirous to re- 
gain- the Dutchy of Ferrara, pretending that it 
belonged to the Church, mustered a great army 
in the Bolognese, wherewith to enter the said 
Dutchy. He lodged on the way in a large village, 
betw.een Concordia and Mirandola, called Santo 
Felice. The Duke of Ferrara, and all the French 
that were with him, had taken up their quarters 
twelve miles from Ferrara, between^two branches of 
the Po, in a place named L'Ospitaletto, where the 
Duke had a bridge of boats made, and took care 
that it should be well guarded ; for the enemy 
were often skirmished with thereon. The Pope, 
on arriving at Santo Felice, sent to the Countess 
of Mirandola, natural daughter of the Lord Jean 
Jacques de Trivulce, and then a widow, to desire 
that she would put her town of Mirandola into 


his handsi it being necessary to him in his attempt 
upon Ferrara. The Countess^ who, like her father, 
was completely in the interest of the French, and 
well knew that the King of France favoured and 
succoured the Duke of Ferrara, would sooner 
have died than have done so. She had with her 
a cousin german-of hers, Count Alexandre de Tri- 
vulce, who joined her in answering him that had 
come on the part of his Holiness. He was told 
that he might return when he listed, and tell his 
master that the Countess of Mirandola would on 
no consideration deliver up her town ; that it was 
her own ; and that she would hold it fast, with 
God's aid, against all that should seek to take it 
from her. The Pope was marvellously incensed 
at this repiy, and swore by St. Peter and St, 
Paul that he would have it either by fair means 
or by foul. So he ordered his nephew the Duke 
of Urbino, Captain General of his army, to go and 
lay siege to it the next day. 

Count Alexandre deTrivulce,wholooked for no 
less, sent to beg the Duke of Ferrara and the 
French Captains at L'Ospitaletto, which was only 
twelve miles off, to send him an hundred good 
soldiers, and two cannoniers, seeing that he was 
not very well furnished with men, albeit in daily 


expectation of a siege. His request was granted 
without hesitation; as the loss of Mirandola 
would have been of high concernment to the Duke 
of Ferrara, who is a worthy Prince, sage and vigi-^ 
lant in war^ and that understands almost all the 
seven hberal arts, together with many other me- 
chanical ones, such as casting artillery, with which 
he is as well provided as any Prince, his peer, in 
the whole world ; and moreover he knows very 
well how to play the same, and to make the car- 
riages and balls. We must now quit the subject . 
of his virtues, whereof he had and still hath a great 
many. By the advice of the French Captains, he 
sent to Mirandola the two cannoniers, and the 
hundred soldiers that had been asked of him : 
with them went two young Gentlemen, the one 
from Dauphiny, called Monchenu, a nephew of 
the Lord of Montoison, the other a nephew of 
the Lord of le Lude, Chantemerle by name, and a 
native of the country of Beausse : to whom the 
good Knight without fear and without reproach 
said on their departure : " My sons, you are 
going into the service of the Ladies; approve 
yourselves gallant comrades in order to acquire 
their favour, and make yourselves talked of. The 
town whither you are boimd is a very good and 

VOL. I. T 


strong one. If it is besieged you will acquire honour 
in defending it." The good Knight made them 
many other pleasant speeches to encourage them ; 
moreover he got on horseback himself along 
with his company, to be their escort, and con- 
ducted them till they entered the town, where 
they were received by the Countess and Count 
Alexandre in a very honourable manner. They 
had not been there three days ere the siege com- 
menced, and the artillery, planted on the border 
of the ditch, began to play with great vehemence : 
while they of the town, betraying no signs of 
terror, returned the same as well as they were 

The good Knight, who never grudged money 
if he could but learn what the enemy was doing, 
had spies, who often brought him news of the 
camp and of the Pope, how he was still at Santo 
Felice, and designed to set off within a day or two 
for the sake of being present at the siege he had 
caused to be laid to Mirandola. He likewise sent 
back one of the said spies ta Santo Felice, which 
was only ten miles distant, to learn for certain when 
the Pope would depart : and the same by diligent 
inquiry ascertained that he was going to the camp 
the next day. So he came and told the good 


Knight thereof, who was very glad to hear it. 
For he had formed a plan whereby he hoped to 
take the Pope and all his Cardinals. This he 
would have achieved, had it not been for an un- 
lucky accident which I am going to give the reader 
an account of. 





Ham the good Knight without fear and without reproach 
thought to take the Pope between Santo Felice and Mi- 
randola, and what hindered the accomplishment of his 

The good Knight went to the Duke of Ferrara 
and the Loi*d of Montoison, and said to them: 
" Gentlemen^ I am informed that the Pope is 
going to leave Santo Felice to-morrow morning 
for Mirandola. These two places are six good 
miles asunder. I have conceived a project, which, 
if you accede to it, will be remembered an hundred 
years hence. A couple of miles from Santo 
Felice there are two or three fine Palaces, which 
have been abandoned by reason of the war; all 
this night I have been revolving it in my mind to 
go and station myself in one of them with an 
hundred gendarms, attended neither by page nor 
groom : and to-morrow morning when the Pope 
shall remove from Santo Felice, guarded, as I 
am informed, by none but his Cardinals, Bishops 


and Prothonotaries^ and an hundred horse, I shall 
sally from my ambuscade, and cannot fail to lay 
hold on him. It is impossible for the alarm to 
reach the camp ere I shall have made my escape, 
as it is full ten miles from that place to this. And, 
supposing I were pursued, you, my Lord," said 
he to the Duke of Ferrara, " with my Lord of 
Montoison, will pass the bridge in the morning, 
with all the rest of the horse, and will await and 
receive me four or five miles hence, if perchance 
any disaster should befall me." 

Never did any proposal meet with higher 
approbation than this scheme of the good Knight's, 
and nothing now remained but to put it into act; 
which was not long delayed. For, after having 
had the horses well fed during the night, he took 
an hundred chosen men, and, when all were in 
readiness to encounter the shock of battle, went 
with his spy, in a leisurely manner, straight to 
that little village. He was fortunate enough to 
meet no one, man or woman, who might discover 
him, and settled himself in his post about an hova 
before day. The Pope, being an early riser, was 
already up, and, when he saw it grew light, got 
into his litter that he might proceed to his camp^ 
Prothonotaries, Clerks, and officers of all sorts went 


on before to take lodgings, and set out upon their 
way unweeting of what was to happen. 

As soon as the good Knight heard them he 
tarried not, but issued from his ambuscade, and 
fell upon the country people, who, much daunted, 
teturned at full speed to the place they had 
come from, crying, " Alarm / Alarm /" But all 
that would not have prevented the Pope, with his 
Bishops and Cardinals, from being taken, had it not 
been for an accident, very opportune for his HoU- 
ness, and equally unfortunate for the good Knight. 
Which was this ; when the Pope had got into 
his litter, and quitted the road of Santo Felice, he 
had not proceeded a stone's throw ere there fell 
from heaven the most sharp and violent storm of 
snow that had been beheld for an hundred years; 
so that the travellers could not see one another by 
reason of the impetuosity thereof. The Cardinal 
of Pavia, who at that time entirely governed the 
Pope, then said to him : " Pater Sahcte, it is im- 
possible to go on while this lasts ; indeed, there is 
no necessity for it ; methinks you should return 
without attempting to proceed &rtHer." The 
Pope assented, though not aware of the ambus- 
cade. And, as ill luck would have it, when the 
fugitives returned, the good Knight pursued them 


at foil speed, without stopping to take any one, 
that not being the point he aimed at. Just as he 
reached Santo Felice, the Pope was about to enter 
the Castle, and was so terror-stricken at the cry 
he heard, that, leaping suddenly from his litter 
without assistance, he helped to raise the bridge 
himself; which was wisely done, for, had he de- 
layed while one might say a Pater noster, he would 
assuredly have been snapped. 

Great was the disappointment of the good 
Knight ; for, albeit he knew that the Castle was 
not very strong, and might be taken in a quarter 
of an hour, he had not a single piece of artil- 
lery. Moreover he considered that he should 
soon be discovered by them of the camp at Miran- 
dola, who might give him a disgraceful overthrow. 
He therefore addressed himself to return, after 
having taken as many prisoners as he' could; 
among others two Bishops, and many baggage 
mules, which his gendarms carried away. But 
never did man return so melancholy as he at hav- 
ing missed such a noble prize, though not by his 
own fault; for no enterprise could have been 
better, or more skilfully conducted than this was. 
When he came up to the Duke of Ferrara, the 
Lord of Montoison, and his other companions. 


whom he found six miles from their bridge, ready 
to succour and aid him, in citse that had been 
necessary, he acquainted them with his ill luck, 
and they were much concerned. However they 
consoled him as well as they could, arguing, that 
the fault lay not in him, and that no man could 
have done better. Thus they led him along, 
conversing pleasantly, and talking with their pri* 
soners, most of whom they sent back on foot by 
the way. The two Bishops paid some trifling 
ransom, and were permitted to return* 

The Pope remained in the Castle of Santo Felice 
the whole day, shaking as in an ague-fit after the 
terrible consternation he had been thrown mto, 
and at night he sent for his nephew, the Duke of 
Urbmo, who came to him with four hundred horse, 
and conducted him to the leaguer before Miran- 
dola, where he abode till the town was taken. He 
carried on the siege for three weeks, and would 
never have got possession of it, had it not unluckily 
happened, that snow fell six days and six nights 
without intermission, in such wise that it lay in the 
country to the depth of five feet and upwarda* 
After which succeeded so hard a frost that the ice in 
the ditches 6f Mirandola was more than two feet 
thick : and a cannon with its carriage fell theseon 


from the edge of one of them, and did not break 
it. The Pope's artillery had made two good and 
wide breaches. They within had no hope of be- 
ing relieved by any one, as the Lord of Chaumont, 
Grand Master of France, and Governor of Milaup 
confined himself with the rest of his army to 
Reggio, which he caused to be daily fortified : sus* 
pecting that the Pope, after the taking of Miran^ 
dola, would repair to that town, he having a vast 
force. For he was accompanied by great part of 
the King of Spain's army, as well as that of the Vene- 
tians, who had entered into an aUiance with him. 
The Count Alexandre and the Countess resolved to 
surrender the town, stipulating for the lives of 
the inhabitants; but the Pope would have all at 
his mercy. However he was brought to concede 
that point by the procurement of the Duke of 
Urbino, who always leaned to the French ; be- 
cause the King of France had brought him up in 
his youth, and but for him his Holiness would not 
have been so gracious. 

When news of the taking of Mirandola reached 
the Duke of Ferrara's camp, it was hugely dis- 
tasteful to the whole company. The Duke 
feared that he should be speedily besieged at 
Ferrara. He therefore destroyed the bridge he 


had made^ and retired with his whole army into 
his town, determining to keep it to the last day of 
his life. The Pope deigned not to enter Miran- 
dola by the gate, but had a bridge made upon 
the fbss, and, passmg over that, went in by one of 
the breaches. He tarried there some days, devi- 
sing of all means in the world whereby to mischief 
the Duke of Ferrara. 



HffW the Pope sait a band of seven or eight thousand men 
to besiege a place belonging to the Duke of Ferrara, 
called La Bastia ; and how they were defeated through 
the advice of the good Knight without fear and without 

When the Pope was within Mirandola, he one 
day called together his nephew and all the Cap- 
tains, both of horse and foot, and told them how 
he wished to go and lay siege to Ferrara, before 
undertaking any thing else ; and was desu*ous to 
have their advice in this matter, by what means 
the thing might most safely be conducted ; for he 
knew that the said town was wonderful strong, 
well furnished with good soldiers and with ord* 
nance, and that, unless it were deprived of provi- 
sions, it would cost him a great deal to take it» 
But this was the very point whereby he reckoned 
upon subduing the inhabitants, seeing that he pos- 
sessed the means of cutting off from them the pas- 
sage of the Po, that no provisions could come to 


them from above Ferrara, and that from below^ 
the Venetians would take good care they should 
get none. All delivered their opinions^ till one 
Captain Giovanni Forte, of the Seigniory of Venice, 
it being his turn to speak, addressed himself to 
the Pope and said in his language : ^^ Most holy 
Father, I have heard the opinions of all the 
Gentlemen here present, and, as I apprehend, 
they conclude that, by suffering no supplies to 
enter Ferrara by the Po, and besieging it by the 
island, in pursuance of the plan you propose, the 
town will be reduced to a state of starvation in a 
few days. I know the territory, whereof the Duke 
of Ferrara hath much and good ; abundance of pro- 
visions can come to him by Argento, but that might 
be provided against. On the other side there is 
a country called II Polesino di Sto. Giorgio, which 
is so wealthy that, if nothing came to Ferrara 
from any other place, it would be able to furnish 
the town with provisions for a year. It will be 
very difficult to hinder its receiving supplies from 
thence without taking a town five and twenty 
miles from Ferrara, called la Bastia ; but, vrere 
that in our power, I would engage that the town 
should be famished in two months, seeing how 
large a number of inhabitants it contains*'' No 


sooner had Captain Giovanni Forte finished his 
discourse than the Pope said : *^ This stronghold 
must be had immediately: I shall never be at 
rest till it is taken." So two Spanish Captains 
with two hundred gendarms, and this Venetian 
Captain with five hundred light horse, and five or 
six thousand foot, were appointed to the execution 
of the enterprise, and furnished with six pieces 
of heavy artillery. Being assembled they set out 
on their way, and reached the place without any 
rencounter. When the Captain who had to keep 
it saw so great a force he was alarmed, and not 
without reason. However he resolved to do his 
duty, and to inform the Duke his master of the 
situation he was in. The Pope's people made 
no delay, but, after having encamped, planted 
their artillery, and begun to storm the fortress^ 
The Captain had secretly sent off a man to the 
Duke to let him know of the affair, and that if he 
were not succoured within four and twenty hours 
he should be in a desperate condition; seeing 
that he had not men stifiicient for the defence of 
the place against the force by which it was assailed. 
The messenger made extreme haste, and arrived 
at Ferrara about mid-day, having performed the 
journey in less than six hours. 


The good Knight^ as he was gomg out to his 
diversions at a certain gate^ saw the messenger 
entering by the same, and inquired who he was ; 
the man was brought before him, and, being asked 
whence he came, answered boldly : " My Lord, 
I come from la Bastia, which is besieged by 
seven or eight hundred men : the Captain sends 
me to tell the Duke that unless he be succoured 
he cannot hold out the whole of to-morrow, if so 
be that they make the assault." "How comes 
that, my friend ? is the fort so weak ?" " No," 
said the messenger ; " on the contrary it is one 
of the best in Italy ; but it contains no more than 
five and twenty soldiers, who are not capable of 
defending it against the enemy's force." " Come 
' then, my friend, I will take you to the Duke." 
He and the Lord of Montoison were on their 
mules in the market-place, conferring together 
on business. They perceived the good Knight 
coming along with his man, and conjectured that 
he must be a spy. So the Lord of Montoison 
addressed himself to the good Knight, and said : 
*' You had rather be dead, comrade, than not 
take some prize from the enemy every day ; how 
much will this prisoner pay for his ransom ?" " In 
troth," replied the good Knight, " he is one of 


our own people, and brings us strange news, as 
he will tell my Lord," Thereupon the Duke 
interrogated him, and then looked at the letter 
which the Captain of La Bastia had written ttf 
him. As he was reading every one perceived 
that he grew pale and changed colour. Having 
perused it he shrugged his shoulders, and said: 
" If I losQ La Bastia, I may as well abandon 
Ferrara, and I see no means of relieving it within 
the term prescribed by him that holds it; for he 
requires aid to be sent him before to-morrow for 
the whole day, and that is impossible." " As 
how ?" replied the Lord of Montoison. " Because," 
quoth the Duke, " the place is five and twenty 
miles ofi*, and it is necessary. at this time to take 
a road, where the men must go one by one for 
the space of half a mile. Moreover there is a 
pass, wherein, if the enemies were aware of it, 
twenty men might hinder ten thousand from pro- 
ceeding: but I believe they wot not of it." 

The good Knight without fear and without re- 
proach, seeing the Duke so dismayed and not with- 
out cause, addressed him in the following manner : 
** My Lord, when a trifling matter is at stake, we 
may leave it in the hands of chance ; but when de- 
struction impends over our heads we should strain 

288 T^EMOinS OF 

^ery nerve to ward it oflf*. Our enemies are besieg- 
ing LaBastia, and deem themselves in perfect secu- 
rity, because, the Pope's large army being here, they 
imagine that we should not dare quit this town, to 
go and make them raise the siege. I have thought 
of a thing which will be easily executed, and, unless 
fate prove extremely adverse, will procure us a great 
deal of credit. You have in this town four or five 
thousand foot, gallant fellows, well versed in the 
arts of war. Let us take two thousand of them, 
with Captain Jacob's eight hundred Swiss, and 
place them over night in boats upon the water. 
You are still masters of the Po as far as Argento. 
Those forces will go wait for us at the passage 
you speak of. If they arrive first they will take 
Argento, and the horse that are in this town 
will go by land all night. We will have good 
guides, and will contrive by break of day, to reach 
La Bastia, and there our comrades and we shall 
join company. Our enemies will have no sus- 
picion of this enterprise. The pass you mention 
is scarce three miles from La Bastia. Before 
they have time to place themselves in battle array 
we will fall fiercely on them, and my heart fore- 
bodes that we shall conquer." 

Had one given the Duke an hundred thousand 


crowns he could not have been more delighted. 
He replied smiling : " Upon my honour, my Lord- 
of Bayard, nothing is impossible to you ; but upon 
my word, if the Gentlemen here hold your counsel 
good, I doubt not but we shall deal with the enemy 
as you propose. And, for my part, I earnestly 
pray that they may so." Then he lifted his cap 
from off his head. 

The Lord of Montoison, a bold and valiant 
Captain, made reply : " My Lord, we need no 
entreaties on your part, and are ready to do as you 
shall command; for so we were instructed by 
the King our master." The same said the Lord 
of le Lude, and Captain Fontrailles, both fully 
resolved to do their duty. They sent for the Cap- 
tains of the foot, and informed them of the scheme, 
whereat they were transported with joy. The 
Duke secretly caused a number of barks to be 
prepared, without making any noise about it ; for 
there were people in the town much incUned to 
the Pope's interest. The barks being ready, the 
infantry, who were good and sure sailors, entered 
thereinto about evening. 

The cavalry, whom the Duke accompanied in 
person, set out upon their way in the beginning 
of the night. Having good guides, they were 

VOL. I. u 


securely conducted, maugre the bad weather, and 
iq[)ed so well that, half an hour before daybreak, 
the said troops reached the pass, where, to their 
infinite satisfaction, they met with no impediment. 
In less, than half an hour the barks arrived con- 
taining the footsoldiers, who got out and quietly 
proceeded to that dangerous passage, a little 
bridge, over which but one gendarm could pass 
at a time. The same was on a very deep canal 
between the Po and La Bastia. They spent a 
full hour in passing, so that it grew broad day- 
light, which the Duke ill liked, and hearing no 
sound of the firing of artillery feared that his 
place was lost. But, as he conversed with the 
French Captains, three reports struck his ear at 
once ; whereby he and all the fair and noble com- 
pany were greatly heartened. They were then 
not more than a mile from the enemy. 

Thereupon the good Knight spoke thus: 
" Gentlemen, I have always heard it said that he 
who makes no account of his enemy is a madman. 
We are hard upon ours, and they are three to 
one against us. If they knew of our enterprise 
we should doubtless have plenty of trouble with 
them : for they have artillery, and we none. 
Moreover I have heard that they before La Bastia 


are the flower of the Pope's army; we must take 
them unprepared, as we can. I am of opinion that 
the Bastard du Fay, my Standardbearer, who is a 
man skilled in such matters, should go with fifteen 
or twenty horse in that direction by which the 
enemy came, and give them the alarm. Captain 
Pierrepont shall accompany him at the distance 
of a bow-shot with an hundred gendarms, by way 
of convoy, in case he should be repulsed. And 
we will give him Captain Jacob Zemberc with 
his Swiss. You, my Lord," said he to the 
Duke, " my Lord of Montoison, the Gentlemen 
my companions, and myself, will go straight to 
the leaguer, whither I will proceed first to raise the 
alarm. If Du Fay have done that beforehand, 
and they all crowd thither, we will inclose them 
between him and us. If our alarm be first given, 
Captain Pierrepont and his band of Swiss shall 
do the same on their side. This will astound 
them so much that they will not know what to do, 
and will imagine us three times as numerous as 
we really are. Above all let every one of our 
trumpets sound to the approach." 

Never was any thing more approved ; for be it 
known to the readers of this history that the good 
Knight was a very regbter of batttles; so that on 



account of his great experience every one de* 
ferred to his opinion. Xiet us now come to 
the point. The two detachments moved off, one 
taking the road by which the enemy had come, 
as had been appointed^ the other proceeding 
straight to the fortress, which they got wkfaki 
cannon-shot o^ without being perceived by any* 
Du Fay then raised the alarm sharply and 
vigorously, which dismayed them of the camp in 
a high degree ; however they began to arm, to 
mount their horses, and repair to the place where 
the alarm had been given. Their foot arranged 
themselves in order, and, had they once closed in 
combat, the conflict would have been dangerous 
and deadly to the Ferrarese, by reason of their 
great numbers : but two misfortunes befdl them 
both at once. When they who went to repel 
Du Fay were two hundred paces off they met 
Captain Pierrepont, who fiercely assaulted them, 
and beat them at a great rate. The Swiss begin- 
ning to march were encountered by their infantry, 
who were ranged in order of battle, and very 
numerous, being from five to six thousand. 
Wherefore the said Swiss were rudely repulsed, 
and would have been routed, had they not re- 
ceived assistance from the cavalry, who fell upon 


the enemy's flanks. Meantime there arrived l^e 
Duke^ the Lords of Mcmtoison, of le Lude, of 
FontraiUes, and the good Knight^ with their horse 
and two thousand foot, who attacked their adver- 
saries in the rear, so that they were all dismounted. 
Captain Fontrailles and the good Knight spied a 
troop of horse, three or four hundred in number, 
who seemed disposed to rally. So ihey called 
thdr ensigns, turned in that direction, crying: 
*' France! France! Duke! Duke!'' and charged 
them in such a manner that great part of them 
were thrown upon the ground. 

The enemy fought for a full hour, but at length 
lost the field; all escaped that could, but those 
were not very many. The Duke and the French 
made a terrible slaughter of them; nuHre than 
four or five thousand foot and sixty horse being 
killed, and above three hundred horses taken^ 
along with the whole of tb^baggage and artiUery. 
So that there was not a Frenchman of them all 
but found some difficulty in carrying away his 
booty. Why the chroniclers and historians have 
not spoken after another fashion from what they 
have of this noble battle of La Bastia I am unable 
to divine; seeing that one better contested, or with 
more hazard, had not taken place for an hundred 


years before. Be that as it may^ this engagement was 
necessary to prevent the ruin of the Duke and the 
French^ who returned gloriously and triumphantly 
into the town, where every one bestowed on them 
the highest applause. Above all persons the 
good Dutchess, who was the pearl of the world, 
gave them a singularly good reception ; entertain- 
ing them with marvellous fine feasts and banquets 
every day in the Italian fashion. I will venture to 
affirm that neither in her own times, nor in those 
farther back, hath there been found a more glori- 
ous Princess ; for she was beautifiil and good^ mild, 
and courteous to all sorts of people. She spoke 
Italian, Greek, French, and Spanish, with a Uttle 
very good Latin, and composed in all these dif- 
ferent languages. Certain it is, that, although 
her husband was a wise and valiant Prince, this 
Lady, by her amiable qualities, caused great 
and good services to be done him. 



L o N don;